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Basic Bible Teaching Lesson 5 THE JEWS, GOD'S PEOPLE
Introduction • Review: • Three major promises of the Bible • Abraham’s children - Israel • Israel’s deliverance out of Egypt • Israel’s sad experience in the wilderness • Solomon – Israel’s most successful King • The importance of Israel: • Evidence of the Existence of God • Prophesied that they would be scattered into all nations • Prophesied that they will return again • An important sign for the return of Christ
Review of the Promises Promise What? Who? Fulfilled? 1. In Eden Victory over Sin & Death (open the way for our salvation) "The Seed of the Woman" Yes. AD 33 Jesus Christ 2. To Abraham The land (whole world) FOREVER Abraham's Descendent or Seed No FUTURE Jesus Christ A Throne & Kingdom FOREVER 3. To David David's Descendent or Seed No FUTURE Jesus Christ The First Words of the New Testament: Matt 1: 1 The book of the genealogy of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham.
The Jews God’s People • Remember the third Promise God made to Abraham?
Genesis 13:14-17 And the LORD said to Abram, after Lot had separated from him: "Lift your eyes now and look from the place where you are--northward,southward, eastward, and westward; for all the land which you see I give to you and your descendants forever. And I will make your descendants as the dust of the earth; so that if a man could number the dust of the earth, then your descendants also could be numbered. Arise, walk in the land through its length and its width, for I give it to you." Did Abraham ever own this land that was promised to him? NO! Did Abraham live to see the numbers of his offspring become uncountable?
Abraham’s Sons • Ishmael(borne by Hagar, Sarah’s maid) • Not the promised one • The father of the Arabs • Isaac(borne by Sarah when she was 90 years old) • Born 12 years after Ishmael • The Father of Esau (Edom) • The Father of Jacob (Whose name was changed to Israel)
Isaac’s 2 Sons Esau Jacob Esau (H. hairy) the man who lost his inheritance because he was more interested in the now than the future. Jacob (H. the supplanter) was the younger brother of Esau. After an encounter with God he was transformed into Israel the Prince of God, and had the promises repeated to him.
Jacob's favorite Israel’s 12 Sons Jacob had sons by different women His wives Leah and Rachel, and two handmaids LEAH Reuben Simeon Levi Judah Issachar Zebulan BILHAH Dan Naphtali ZILPAH Gad Asher RACHEL Joseph Benjamin The 12 Tribes of Israel
The Descendants ofAbraham Ishmael Isaac Esau Jacob (Israel) Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, Zebulun, Dan, Naphtali, Gad, Asher, Joseph, Benjamin (The 12 Tribes of Israel) "And I will make your seed multiply as the stars of heaven”(Gen. 26:4)
Joseph Joseph’s brothers bowed down to Joseph, just as his dreams predicted His brothers threw him into a well before selling him to some passing Midianites, who sold him as a slave in Egypt. Jacob’s older brothers hated him because he was the most beloved of their father, and for the dreams he had (Gen. 37:1-11) Joseph became very powerful in Egypt, commanding all of Egypt after Pharaoh.
Time of prosperity turns to disparity Joseph and his family enjoyed prosperity for a time in The land of Goshen, multiplying and growing strong in the fertile land But a time of sorrow was soon upon them Exodus 1:6-14
A man called Moses Then he said, "I am the God of your father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac and the God of Jacob." At this, Moses hid his face, because he was afraid to look at God. The LORD said, "I have indeed seen the misery of my people in Egypt. I have heard them crying out because of their slave drivers, and I am concerned about their suffering. So I have come down to rescue them from the hand of the Egyptians and to bring them up out of that land into a good and spacious land, a land flowing with milk and honey.’ Exodus 3:6-8 God spoke to Moses through a burning bush
Moses leads his people http://www.brizsoft.com/download.html
How many came out of Egypt?애굽에서 몇 명이 나왔나? Exodus 출 12:37-38 And the people of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand men on foot, besides womenand children. And a mixed multitude also went up with them...[RSV] 이스라엘 자손이 라암셋에서 발행하여 숙곳에 이르니 유아 외에 보행하는 장정이 육십만 가량이요중다한 잡족과 … 그들과 함께 하였으며[개역] 이스라엘 백성은 라암셋을 떠나 숙곳으로 향하였다. 이들은 여자들과 아이들을제외한성인 남자들만 약 60만 명이었으며 그 밖에도 여러 혼합 민족들이 그들을 따라 나왔고[현대인의성경] Men 남자: 600,000 Women 여자: 600,000 Children 아이들: 600,000 Mixed Multitude 혼합 민족들200,000 Total 합계 2,000,000
God Provided for his people in the wilderness Collecting Manna Getting Water from a rock
King Solomon • Son of David • Extraordinarily wise and wealthy • Built the temple of God in Jerusalem • Wrote Proverbs, Ecclesiastes and Song of Solomon.
King Solomon’s success 1 Kings 4:20-21 'The people of Judah and Israel were as numerous as the sand on the seashore; they ate, they drank and they were happy And Solomon ruled over all the kingdoms from the River to the land of the Philistines, as far as the border of Egypt. These countries brought tribute and were Solomon's subjects all his life During Solomon's lifetime Judah and Israel, from Dan to Beersheba, lived in safety, each man under his own vine and fig-tree.
Solomon’s Wisdom And Fame God gave Solomon wisdom and very great insight, and a breadth of understanding as measureless as the sand on the seashore. Solomon's wisdom was greater than the wisdom of all the men of the East, and greater than all the wisdom of Egypt. He was wiser than any other man.'1 Kings 4:29-31
Israel is God’s witness (1) Isaiah 43: 1,10 [NIV] But now, this is what the LORD says--he who created you, O Jacob, he who formed you, O Israel "You are my witnesses," declares the LORD, "and my servant whom I have chosen, so that you may know and believe me and understand that I am he. Before me no god was formed, nor will there be one after me.
Israel is God’s witness (2) Jeremiah 30: 10-11 [NIV] "'So do not fear, O Jacob my servant; do not be dismayed, O Israel,' declares the LORD. 'I will surely save you out of a distant place… I am with you and will save you,' declares the LORD. 'Though I completely destroy all the nations among which I scatter you, I will not completely destroy you. I will discipline you but only with justice; I will not let you go entirely unpunished.'
Israel is God’s witness (3) Jeremiah 31: 35-36 [NIV] This is what the LORD says, he who appoints the sun to shine by day, who decrees the moon and stars to shine by night, who stirs up the sea so that its waves roar--the LORD Almighty is his name: "Only if these decrees vanish from my sight," declares the LORD, "will the descendants of Israel ever cease to be a nation before me."
Why is Israel God’s witness? Romans 11: 28-29 [NIV] As far as the gospel is concerned, they are enemies on your account; but as far as election is concerned, they are loved on account of the patriarchs, for God's gifts (promises) and his call are irrevocable. It is not because the Jews are better than any other nation Rather, it is simply because of God’s promises to Abraham
Why Is Israel God’s witness Isaiah 43: 8, 22-28 [NIV] Lead out those who have eyes but are blind, who have ears but are deaf. Yet you have not called upon me, O Israel … You have not brought me sheep for burnt offerings, nor honored me with your sacrifices. But you have burdened me with your sins and wearied me with your offenses. So I will disgrace the dignitaries of your temple, and I will consign Jacob to destruction and Israel to scorn. Isaiah 43: 1,10 [NIV] But now, this is what the LORD says--he who created you, O Jacob, he who formed you, O Israel "You are my witnesses," declares the LORD, "and my servant whom I have chosen, so that you may know and believe me and understand that I am he. Before me no god was formed, nor will there be one after me. The Jews proved to be a very disobedient nation But God will never go back on his promises
Prophesied about Israel 이스라엘에 대한 예언 Their National Cessation민족이 정지됨 The Land Desolated땅이 황폐화됨 Their Dispersal뿔뿔이 흩어짐 Their Persecution핍박 받음 Their Re-gathering 다시 모임 National Re-establishment민족이 재수립됨 In the Land Restored그 땅에 회복됨
Luke눅 21:24 [KJV] “And they shall fall by the edge of the sword, and shall be led away captive into all nations: and Jerusalem shall be trodden down of the Gentiles, until the times of the Gentiles be fulfilled.” 저희가 칼날에 죽임을 당하며 모든 이방에 사로잡혀 가겠고 예루살렘은 이방인의 때가 차기까지 이방인들에게 밟히리라
Luke 눅 21:24 - Jesus foretold: 예수님의 예언: • The destruction of Jerusalem • 예루살렘의 멸망 • 2) The scattering of the Jews into all nations 유다 인들이 모든 나라로 흩어짐 • 3) That the Jews would return to control Jerusalem 유다 인들이 예루살렘을 지배하려 다시 모임 • 4) That 3) would be a clear sign of his return 3번은 예수님의 재림에 대한 명확한 표적
Jesus foretold: 예수님의 예언1) The destruction of Jerusalem 예루살렘의 멸망 And they shall fall by the edge of the sword, and shall be led away captive into all nations: and Jerusalem shall be trodden down of the Gentiles, until the times of the Gentiles be fulfilled. 저희가 칼날에 죽임을 당하며 모든 이방에 사로잡혀 가겠고 예루살렘은 이방인의 때가 차기까지 이방인들에게 밟히리라 AD70 - The Destruction of Jerusalem by Rome 로마에 의해 예루살렘의 멸망
Jesus foretold예수님의 예언 :2)The scattering of the Jews into all nations유다 인들이 모든 나라로 흩어짐 • And they shall fall by the edge of the sword, and shall be led away captive into all nations: and Jerusalem shall be trodden down of the Gentiles, until the times of the Gentiles be fulfilled. 저희가 칼날에 죽임을 당하며 모든 이방에 사로잡혀 가겠고 예루살렘은 이방인의 때가 차기까지 이방인들에게 밟히리라
2000 Years of Persecution and Wandering 핍박과 유랑의 2000년 “The Wandering Jew” “방랑하는 유대인”
There are Jewish Communities in 127 Nations Globally Afghan Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Barbados Belarus Belgium Bermuda Bolivia Brazil Bukhara Bulgaria Burma Cameroon Canada Cape Verde Chile China Colombia Costa Rica Cuba Curacao Cyprus Czech Denmark Dominican Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Estonia Ethiopia Fiji Finland France Galicia Georgia Germany Ghana Gibraltar Greece Guatemala Honduras Hong Kong Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran Iraq Ireland Italy Jamaica Japan Juurho Kaifeng Kazakhstan Kenya Khazaria Korea Kurdistan Latvia Lemba Lithuania Luxembourg Macedonia Majorca Mali Malta Manchuria Marranos Mexico Moldova Monaco Morocco Mozambique Nepal Netherlands Nevis New Zealand Norway Oceania Panama Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Romania Russia Scotland Shanghai Singapore Slovakia Slovenia Somalia South Africa Sudan Suriname Sweden Switzerland Syria Tahiti Taiwan Thailand Trinidad/Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmen Uganda Ukraine UK USA Uruguay Uzbekistan Venezuela Yemen Yugoslavia Spain Zimbabwe http://www.haruth.com/JewsoftheWorld.html
1967The 6 Day War&The Captureof Jerusalem6일 전쟁, 예루살렘 탈환 Generals Uzi Narkis, Moshe Dayan (Defence Minister) and Yitzchak Rabin (Chief of Staff) entering Jerusalem after its Capture from Jordan in 1967
The Capture of Jerusalem1967 예루살렘 탈환
Re-gathered Out of the Nations Into the Land Called Israel 각국으로부터 나와 이스라엘 땅에 다시 모임
Jesus foretold 예수님의 예언: 4) The Jews in control of Jerusalem once again would be a sign of his return이것은 예수님의 재림에 대한 명확한 표적 • And they shall fall by the edge of the sword, and shall be led away captive into all nations: and Jerusalem shall be trodden down of the Gentiles, UNTILthe times of the Gentiles be fulfilled. 저희가 칼날에 죽임을 당하며 모든 이방에 사로잡혀 가겠고 예루살렘은이방인의 때가 차기까지이방인들에게 밟히리라
And then shall they see the son of man coming in a cloud with power and great glory 그때에 사람들이 인자가 구름을 타고 능력과 큰 영광으로 오는 것을 보리라 Luke 21:27
Luke 21:29-31 “He told them this parable: "Look at the fig tree and all the trees. When they sprout leaves, you can see for yourselves and know that summer is near. Even so, when you see these things happening, you know that the kingdom of God is near.”
The Fig Tree is a Symbol of Israel “He told them this parable: "Look at the fig tree and all the trees. When they sprout leaves, you can see for yourselves and know that summer is near. Even so, when you see these things happening, you know that the kingdom of God is near.” Israel began to “shoot forth” as a nation again in 1948 Therefore we can be confident that the return of Christ is close (exactly when we don’t know)
When these things begin to take place, stand up and lift up your heads, because your redemption is drawing near. 이런 일이 되기를 시작하거든 일어나 머리를 들라 너희 구속이 가까왔느니라!' 하시더라 Luke 21 v 28
Review Questions • What is the name of God's people? • Who was asked to leave the city of Ur? • Who became a great ruler in Egypt? • Why did God become very angry and nearly destroy Israel? • When will the promises to Israel be completely fulfilled? • Who was the most prosperous king to rule over Israel?
Next lessonLesson 6 - Jesus Christ the Son of God • The Birth of Jesus • How was Jesus both the son of God and Son of Man? • The important work that God gave Jesus to do • Jesus' subjection to his Father • God’s delegation of authority to Jesus