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TRUMAN LOSES CONTROL- RED’S EVERYWHERE 3 ISSUES HIT ADMINISTRATION HARD PowerPoint Presentation
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TRUMAN LOSES CONTROL- RED’S EVERYWHERE 3 ISSUES HIT ADMINISTRATION HARD

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TRUMAN LOSES CONTROL- RED’S EVERYWHERE 3 ISSUES HIT ADMINISTRATION HARD - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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ELECTION OF 1948TRUMAN, DEWEY, THURMANHST UNENTHUSIASTICALLY NOMINATED“GIVE ‘EM HELL HARRY” & FAIR DEALSTRONG ON CIVIL RIGHTSDEWEY FOR THE REPUBLICANS – TRASH HST RECORD AS BEST THEY CANS. THURMAN – DIXIECRAT – SEGREGATIONIST RESPONSE TO CIVIL RIGHTS PLATFORM OF DEMSWALLAGE – RUNS AS PROGRESSIVECOLD WAR LIBERALISM: PRESERVE CORE OF N.D. WELFARE STATE, CONTAINMENT, ROOT OUT COMMIES AT HOME

truman loses control red s everywhere 3 issues hit administration hard
TRUMAN LOSES CONTROL- RED’S EVERYWHERE3 ISSUES HIT ADMINISTRATION HARD
  • JAPAN EMBRACED PEACE & REDUCED MILITARY & W/ MACARTHUR’S HELP GOT NEW CONSTITUTION & SOVEREIGNTY RESTORED 1951
  • CHINA – CIVIL WAR RAGED & TO SELL MARSHALL PLAN RATCHET UP THE RHETORIC
  • $2 BILL HAD GONE TO NATIONALISTS BUT TO NO AVAIL
  • HST NOT WILLING TO COMMIT TROOPS SO REPUBLICANS BLAME HST & LACK OF DIPLOMACY FOR COMMUNIST TAKEOVER OF CHINA
spies more spies
SPIES & MORE SPIES

ALGER HISS & HUAC – HAD BEEN AT YALTA

W. CHAMBERS CALLS OUT HISS; BOTH COMMITTED PERJURY

HISS SENTENCED & JAILED

ROSENBERGS: GUILTY OF PROVIDING A-BOMB INFO TO SOVIETS

WERE REPS. RIGHT ABOUT FDR?

MACARTHY: “I HAVE THE NAMES OF 206…”

GREAT RUN FROM 50-54 BUT CRASHED & BURNED

north korea invades south korea
NORTH KOREA INVADES SOUTH KOREA
  • POST WWII KOREA DIVIDED TEMP-ORARILY AT 38TH PARALLEL & JOINT OCCUPATION BY SOVIETS & AMERICANS
  • AS EUROPEAN TENSIONS INCREASE BORDER BECOMES HARDENED
  • NORTH KOREA WANTS UNIFICATION & STALIN RESISTED UNTIL THEY WORE HIM DOWN W/ PROMISE OF A QUICK VICTORY
  • 6/25/50 NK INVADES SK – 3 YEARS OF BLOODSHED
  • HST ASKS UN FOR PEACE ACTION, SOVIETS BOYCOTTING UN SO CAN’T VETO, UN SAYS YES TO PEACEKEEPING FORCES
  • D. MACARTHUR IN CHARGE, BUSTS LOOSE, DRAWS IN CHINESE, SACKED BY HST
  • CONSEQUENCES: COMMIT TROOPS W/O CONG. APPROVAL, CONTAINMENT NOW INTERNATIONAL POLICY, HST GAVE INTO HUGE MILITARY BUILD UP
election of 1952 era of political moderation under d eisenhower
ELECTION OF 1952: ERA OF POLITICAL MODERATION UNDER D. EISENHOWER

TRUMAN/KEFAUVER/ STEVENSON – DEMS

EISENHOWER & NIXON – REPS

ECO SOUND SO NOT AN ISSUE

IKE WAS WAR HERO, BALANCE W/I DIVIDED REP. PARTY: TAFT ON CONSERVATIVE END & ROCKEFELLER ON THE LEFT

MODERATE NOT ELIMINATE NEW DEAL

NIXON, GIFTS & CHECKERS SPEECH

containment guides ike in for pol
CONTAINMENT GUIDES IKE IN FOR. POL.
  • “NEW LOOK” DEFENSE POLICY STEP UP PRODUCTION OF H-BOMB & DEVELOP LONG RANGE BOMBING CAPABILITIES – SOVIETS WILL MATCH US
  • DULLES, SEC. STATE, “ROLL BACK THE SOVIETS” AGGRESSIVE STANCE AGAINST COMMUNISM
  • CONTAINMENT COSTLY
  • CONCERNED ABOUT STABILITY MORE THAN DEMOCRACY ABROAD
  • DULLES’ BRINKMANSHIP & MASSIVE RETALIATION – COLD WARRIOR TO THE BONE
  • ROLE IN SHORING UP ALLIES EVEN IF CONTROLLED BY REPRESSIVE GOV’TS: IRAN, CUBA, S. KOREA, PHILL., NIC, S. VIETNAM
  • NATO & SEATO – DEVELOPING NATIONS MUST CHOOSE SIDES: POST COLONIAL WORLD
  • STALIN DIES 53, KRUSCHEV TAKES OVER ‘56
emerging nations e europe
EMERGING NATIONS & E. EUROPE
  • SEATO 1954: US, EURO ALLIES & AUSTRALIA, NEW ZEALAND, PAKISTAN, PHIL., & THAILAND
  • CENTO 1959-79 IRAN, PAKISTAN, TURKEY, UK & US – CIA RUN BY ALAN DULLES
  • IRANIAN PREMIER TRIED TO NATIONALIZE OIL INDUSTRY BUT OUSTED BY CIA & REPLACED WITH SHAH, REZA PAHLAVI – EVENTUALLY LEADS TO IRANIAN REVOLUTION IN 79 – OPPRESSIVE OK AS LONG AS NOT COMMUNIST.
  • CIA COUP IN GUATEMALA AGAINST DEM. ELECTED RULER: TRIED TO TAKE BACK LAND OWNED BY UNITED FRUIT 1954
  • IKE APPROVED CIA OPS
  • KRUSCHEV & PEACEFUL COEXISTENCE BUT NIKITA HAD LIMITS
  • HUNGARIANS REVOLT 1956 & CRUSHED, BUDAPEST A SLAUGHTERHOUSE