Title I, Part AFiscal Issues Fiscal, Application, and Administration © Texas Education Agency 2006
Table of Contents • Intent and Purpose • Targeted Assistance and Schoolwide • Application Issues • Campus Selection, Eligibility & Allocations • Administrative Issues • Consolidated Administrative Funds • Consolidating Funds/8911 • REAP-Flex/Transferability • Allowable Expenditures • Fiscal Issues • Supplement/Supplant • Maintenance of Effort • Comparability of Services
Intent and Purpose of Title I • Purpose: • Provide opportunities for children served to acquire the knowledge and skills contained in the state content standards (TEKS) and to meet the state performance standards (TAKS)
Two Types of School Programs • Targeted Assistance • Schoolwide
Targeted Assistance Program • A targeted assistance campus is one that receives Title I, Part A funds yet is ineligible or has chosen not to operate a Title I, Part A schoolwide program.
Targeted Assistance Program • supplemental services to eligible children identified as having the greatest need for special assistance • LEA establishes multiple, educationally related, objective criteria to determine which children are eligible to participate in Title I, Part A. • Each TAP campus may supplement these criteria and selects, from among its eligible children, those who are in greatest need for Title I, Part A assistance.
Targeted Assistance Program Children eligible to be included— • In general, children who are economically disadvantaged, children with disabilities, migrant children, or limited English proficient children, are eligible for services on the same basis as other children selected to receive Title I, Part A services. • Early childhood—A child who, at any time in the 2 years preceding the year for which the determination is made, participated in a Head Start, Even Start, or Early Reading First program, or in Title I, Part A preschool services, is eligible for Title I, Part A services. • Migrant children—A child who, at any time in the 2 years preceding the year for which the determination is made, received services under Title I, Part C is eligible for Title I, Part A services. • Neglected or Delinquent Children—A child in a local institution for neglected or delinquent children and youth or attending a community day program for such children is eligible for Title I, Part A services. • Homeless Children—A child who is homeless and attending any school served by the local educational agency is eligible for Title I, Part A services.
Targeted Assistance Expenditures • Reasonable and necessary? • Meet an identified need? • Described in plan? • How evaluated to improve student achievement? • Supplemental program/activity/ strategy?
Schoolwide Program • Upgrade the entire educational program of the school to raise academic achievement for all students • 40% or higher low income (or use Ed-Flex waiver) • Year of planning
Schoolwide Program • Ten required components
Ten Required SW Components • Comprehensive needs assessment • Schoolwide reform strategies • Instruction by highly qualified teachers • High-quality and ongoing professional development • Strategies to attract highly qualified teachers to high-need schools
Ten Required SW Components • Strategies to increase parental involvement • Plans for assisting preschool students in the successful transition from early childhood programs to local elementary schoolwide programs • Measures to include teachers in the decisions regarding the use of academic assessments
Ten Required SW Components • Activities to ensure that students who experience difficulty attaining proficiency receive effective and timely additional assistance • Coordination and integration of Federal, State, and local services and programs
Schoolwide Program Plan • Address ten required components • List resources • List programs consolidated • Include intent and purpose • activities to address identified needs
Schoolwide Expenditures • Reasonable and necessary? • Meet an identified need? • Described in plan? • How evaluated to improve student achievement? • Upgrade entire educational program? • Supplemental?
Application Campus Eligibility/Selections & Allocations
Campus Eligibility • An LEA may use Title I, Part A funds only in eligible school attendance areas. • School attendance area • Eligible school attendance area
Attendance Area Type • An LEA determines whether it is a Single Attendance Area or a Multiple Attendance Area.
Single Attendance Areas LEA enrollment < 1000 OR One campus per grade span K – 5 6 – 8 9 - 12
Single Attendance Area Requirements • All campuses are eligible for services • May serve any or all of the campuses • LEA is not required to rank order campuses • 40% low-income percentage is still required for operating a schoolwide program unless an alternative method is used
Multiple Attendance Area LEA enrollment of 1000 or more AND More than one campus per grade span K – 5 6 – 8 9 - 12
Which is it? Single Attendance or Multiple Attendance Areas • 800 Students: K-5, 6-8, 9-12 • 1100 Students: K-3, 4-5, 6-8, 9, 10-12 • 700 Students: K-5, K-5, 6-8, 9-12 • 1300 Students: K-5, K-5, 6-8, 9-12
Multiple Attendance Area Requirements • Identify eligible school attendance areas • Rank order campuses by percentage • Serve schools above 75% • Remaining Funds – rank order by grade span or by percentage
Grade-Span Grouping • An LEA’s organization of its schools defines its grade-span groupings. For example: • K-5 • 6-8 • 9-12
Feeder Patterns Feeder Patterns • Allows districts to project number of low-income students in middle and high schools based on an elementary count
Feeder Pattern Example • Example: 1 2 3 Elementary Schools 6 Middle School 8 High School
Feeder Pattern Example • Example: 1 2 3 Elementary Schools 455/850=54.49% 6 Middle School 100/500-20% Now=54.49% (Feeder) 8 HighSchool
Discretion for Multiple Attendance Areas Discretion for Determining Eligibility in Multiple Attendance Areas: An LEA may designate as eligible: • Campus with 35% poverty • Optional Method • Transition Year Reminder: Eligible School Attendance Area-a school attendance area in which the percentage of children from low-income families is > the percentage of children from low-income families in the LEA as a whole.
Skipped Campus Skipped Campus - An LEA may choose to “skip a campus” if ALL the following conditions are met: • Comparability of Services Requirement • Skipped campus must receive supplemental funds which are expended to meet either the requirements of TEC §1114 or §1115 • Supplemental funds must equal or exceed the Title I, Part A funds that are not being provided to the “skipped campus”
Skipped Campuses & Private School Participation Skipped Campus Requirements: Private School Participation • If the LEA chooses to “skip” a campus, the LEA must provide the opportunity to receive Title I, Part A services to all eligible private school children who reside within the boundaries of the attendance area of the “skipped” campus.
Measure of Poverty • An LEA must use the same measure of poverty uniformly throughout the LEA to: • Identify eligible school attendance areas • Determine the ranking of each area • Determine the allocation for each area
Measure of Poverty Options • Census 2003 • Free or Reduced • Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) • Medicaid • A composite
Allocation of Funds • All eligible campuses are identified. • The determination is then made as to which campuses will be served. • Then the district must determine a per-pupil allocation for each of the campuses that will be served with Title I, Part A funds.
Allocation of Funds Every LEA receiving Title I, Part A funds is required to: • Reserve funds (as are reasonable and necessary) • Allocate remaining funds to eligible schools attendance areas
Reservation of Funds • Comparable services • Homeless students in non-participating schools • Students in Neglected Facilities • School Improvement Requirements • Professional Development • Parental Involvement • Private School Programs • Preschool, Summer School, Intercession Programs
Single Attendance & Allocations General Allocation Rules: • Single Attendance Area (less than 1,000 students and/or has only one campus per grade span) – may allocate funds to any campus, regardless of rank order of poverty. K-67-9 10-12
Multiple Attendance Allocations General Allocation Rules: • Multiple Attendance Area – must allocate funds to campuses in rank order on the basis of the total number of low-income students in each attendance area. K-6 7-9 9-12
Multiple Attendance Allocations General Allocation Rules: • Multiple Attendance Area • Not required to allocate same per-child amount to each campus • Campuses with 75 percent poverty or less using grade span groupings
Multiple Attendance Example Multiple Attendance Area: • Example • Allocation $700 per pupil for those that are 100% to 90% poverty level • Allocation $500 per pupil for those 89% to 80%
125% Special Allocation Rule 125% Special Allocation Rule: • Serving campus below 35% • All participating campuses receive an amount that is at least 125% of LEAs per-pupil allocation 125 Percent Per-Pupil Calculation Total LEA entitlement divided by Total Number of low-income students in LEA=Base amount per pupil Base amount multiplied by 125% (1.25)= minimum amount per pupil to ALL campuses being served.
125% Special Allocation Exceptions 1. Supplemental Funds • If you use supplemental state and local funds, then you may reduce the amount of the Title I, Part A funds required under the 125% rule. • Inadequate Funding due to Campus Allocations under the 125% Rule • Feeder Pattern Exception
Carry Over (Roll Forward) and 125% Allocation • The funds carried over from the previous year are NOT required to be included in the calculation of the minimum per-pupil amount when applying the 125 Percent Special Allocation Rule.
Campus Eligibility, Selection, & Allocations Examples of Eligibility and Selection