SOIL OBSERVATORIESAustrian sitebyWinfried E.H. BlumInstitute of Soil ResearchUniversity of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences (BOKU), ViennaPeter Jordan Str. 82, 1190 Vienna, Austria
Soil tillage long-term field experiment (since 1988): • Conventional tillage (CT):mouldboard ploughing to 25-30 cm soil depth. • Reduced tillage (RT): treatment with a cultivator to a depth of 15 - 20 cm. • Minimum tillage (MT): treatment with a rotary-driller without any primary treatment before seeding to a depth of 5 - 8 cm. Soil and site characteristics: Fine-sandy loamy Haplic Chernozem (clay 22 %, silt 41 %, sand 37 %, pH 7.65, carbonate 13 %, organic C 1.19 % and total N 0.16 %). annual temperature is 9.4°C. annual precipitation is 529 mm.
Experimental design: randomized block with three replicates, the plots measuring 60 m x 12 m (= 720 m2).