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Hernando Cortes; The Life Of A . Spanish Conquistador. By John Petrolias US History, 8. Basic Information. Born 1485-Medellin, Spain Castilian Conquistador-Brought large portions of Mexico under the King of Castile in early 16 th century. Arrival In The New World.

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by john petrolias us history 8

Hernando Cortes; The Life Of A

Spanish Conquistador

By John Petrolias

US History, 8

basic information
Basic Information
  • Born 1485-Medellin, Spain
  • Castilian Conquistador-Brought large portions of Mexico under the King of Castile in early 16th century.
arrival in the new world
Arrival In The New World
  • Reached the new world-1504.
  • Arrived in Hispanola. (Present day Dominican Republic)
  • Stayed for 7 years.
  • 19 years old upon arrival.
off to cuba
Off To Cuba
  • Cortes took part in the Spanish conquest of Cuba in 1511.
  • Cubans accepted him and Cortes was appointed mayor of Santiago de Cuba.
  • Stayed in Cuba until 1518.
  • Had desires to go to Mexico.
viva mexico
Viva Mexico
  • Mexico was under the control of the Aztec Empire- Montezuma II.
  • Cortes arrived in Mexico w/ 600 men and a few horses.
  • Cortes soon learned about the Aztecs; began searching for Aztec capital-Tenochtitlán.
  • Along the way, Cortes met Tlaxcalan Indian tribe; enemies of the Aztecs.
  • Cortes befriended them; made them allies to help search for the Aztecs and conquer them.
hello montezuma
Hello, Montezuma
  • In November 1519 Cortes reached Tenochtitlán; met Montezuma.
  • The Aztecs thought of Cortes as a god-king; tried to befriend him.
  • However, Cortes thought that the Aztecs were going to harm/betray him and his soldiers.
  • They took Montezuma hostage and demanded gold and huge ransom.
  • The Aztecs drove Cortes and his soldiers out of the Aztec capital in June, 1520
  • However, Cortes regrouped and returned in summer 1521 to capture Tenochtitlán.
sweet victory yeah
Sweet Victory, Yeah!
  • Cortes began to build Mexico City on the Aztec ruins, and attracted many Europeans.
  • Mexico City soon became the most important city in Central America.
  • Cortes grew very popular back in Spain, so he was appointed to governor and captain general of New Spain in 1523.
next stop honduras
Next Stop: Honduras
  • In 1524, Cortes led a troop to claim land into present-day Honduras and stayed there for about two years.
  • By 1528, however, the Spanish Government worried that Cortes was becoming out of control in the Americas.
return home
Return Home
  • In 1530, Cortes persuaded the king to send him back to Mexico.
  • The king agreed, but Cortes was sent back with less freedom and less power than he had during his first expedition.
hola baja
Hola, Baja!
  • In 1536 Cortes explored northwest Mexico and soon discovered the Baja Peninsula.
  • Cortes devoted time to exploring the Pacific Coast of Mexico.
there s no place like spain
There’s No Place Like Spain
  • Cortes returned to Spain in 1539, satisfied with what he had discovered/explored.
  • Cortes died near Seville in 1547.
  • Discovery of Hispanola
  • Discovery of Cuba
  • Wiping out the Aztec Empire
  • Building Mexico City
  • Discovery of the Baja Peninsula
  • Exploring Pacific coast of Mexico.