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Learners with special gifts/talents. Presented by: Kimberly Glasgow-Charles 05/2013. Objectives . By the end of this presentation students should be able to: Define the term giftedness Identify the three main types of giftedness

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learners with special gifts talents

Learners with special gifts/talents

Presented by:

Kimberly Glasgow-Charles



By the end of this presentation students should be able to:

  • Define the term giftedness
  • Identify the three main types of giftedness
  • Discuss the origin and prevalence of giftedness
  • Describe methods used to identify special gifts/talents
  • Identify characteristics of gifted/talented learners
  • Explore curriculum adaptations that are made for gifted/talented learners
  • The term gifted has NO clear cut definition.
  • Any definition of giftedness is shaped to a large extent by what the surrounding culture believes is most useful or necessary for its survival (Hallahan, Kauffman & Pullen, 2012).
  • Disagreements about definition
    • In what ways do students with a special gift/talent excel?
    • How giftedness is measured?
    • To what degree must a student excel to be considered gifted/talented?
    • Who should comprise the comparison group?
    • Why should students with special gifts be identified?
terminology of giftedness
Terminology of Giftedness
  • Precocity– remarkable early development. (Child prodigies)
  • Insight– the ability to separate and/or combine various pieces of information in new, creative, and useful ways.
  • Genius– rare intellectual powers.
  • Creativity– the ability to express novel and useful ideas, to sense and elucidate new and important relationships, and to ask previously unthought-of , but crucial, questions.
terminology of giftedness cont d
Terminology of Giftedness cont’d
  • Talent– a special ability, aptitude, or accomplishment.
  • Giftedness– refers to cognitive superiority, creativity, and motivation of sufficient magnitude to set the child apart from the vast majority of age peers and make it possible for the child to contribute something of particular value to society.
types of giftedness
Types of giftedness
  • Analytic giftedness– involves being able to take a problem apart. They understand how the parts of a problem and how they are all interrelated. This is often a skill used to measure intelligence in conventional IQ tests.
  • Synthetic giftedness— involves insight, intuition, creativity, or adeptness at coping with novel situations. These people are usually highly skilled and successful in the arts and the sciences.
  • Practical giftedness– involves applying analytic and synthetic abilities to the solution of everyday problems, the kinds of skills that are characterized with successful careers.
prevalence of giftedness
Prevalence of giftedness
  • Approximately 3.5% of U.S. school population is gifted/talent.
  • Function of their definition
origins of giftedness
Origins of Giftedness
  • Genetic and other biological factors
    • Neurological functioning
    • Nutrition
  • Social factors
    • Family
    • School
    • Peer group
    • Community
origins of giftedness cont d
Origins of Giftedness (cont’d)
  • Families of highly successful people
    • Personal interest in child’s talent
    • Parents were role models
    • Specific parental encouragement and reward
    • Expected behaviors and values related to the talent present in home
origins of giftedness cont d1
Origins of Giftedness (cont’d)
  • Families of highly successful people (cont’d)
    • Teaching was informal in many settings
    • Family interacted with tutor/mentor
    • Parents observed practice, instructed, rewarded
    • Parents sought special instruction
    • Encouraged participation in events
identification of giftedness
Identification of Giftedness
  • Commonly used methods
    • IQ tests
    • Standardized achievement test scores
    • Teacher or parent nominations
    • Peer or self nominations
    • Evaluation of work or performances
psychological behavioural characteristics
Psychological & Behavioural Characteristics
  • Far ahead of age group in specific areas of performance
  • Learn to read easily or before starting school
  • Can be advanced in one area but not in another
  • Can become bored if not challenged
neglected groups with special gifts and talents
Neglected Groups with Special Gifts and Talents
  • Underachievers
  • Students low in socioeconomic status and in remote areas
  • Students from cultural- or ethnic-minority groups
  • Students with disabilities
  • Females
  • Physically weak, socially inept, narrow in interest, prone to emotional instability
  • Superior intelligence, physique, social attractiveness, achievement, emotional stability, and moral character
  • Misconception that genius predisposes people to mental illness
educational considerations
Educational Considerations
  • Education should have three characteristics:
    • Curriculum designed to accommodate advanced skills
    • Instructional strategies consistent with learning style
    • Arrangements facilitating appropriate grouping
  • Acceleration
  • Enrichment
enrichment vs acceleration
Enrichment vs. Acceleration
  • Enrichment- Additional learning experiences provided for a student while remaining in the grade level appropriate to age
  • Acceleration- Placing students with talents ahead of their age-appropriate grade level
  • Students at all ages and grade levels are entitled to challenging and appropriate instruction if they are to develop their talents fully
teaching strategies
Teaching strategies
  • Create independent project activities
  • Create academic competitions at school
  • Plan “enrichment” activities
  • Do not be an “expert” be a “facilitator”
  • Create learning centers in the classroom so students can work at their own pace
  • Incorporate multiple intelligences (linguistic, visual, bodily, musical, etc.)
educational considerations cont d
Educational Considerations (cont’d)
  • Early intervention
    • Problems with definition, identification, programming, evaluation
    • Negative attitudes inhibiting early intervention
    • Superior intellectual and/or adaptive behavior, but emotional development similar to peers
    • Lack of parental advocacy
    • Lack of teacher training
    • Financial constraints
    • Laws preventing early admission to school
    • Policies against advancing students to higher grade levels
educational considerations cont d1
Educational Considerations (cont’d)
  • Transition to adulthood
    • Possible need for personal or career counseling
    • Acceleration programs versus enrichment
the difficulty of being gifted
The ‘difficulty’ of being gifted
  • Pressure from parents and friends
  • Mean labels and being “different”
  • Hard to become well-rounded
  • Internal struggles of own desires and expectations for oneself
  • Hallahan, D. P. & Kauffman, J. M., & Pullen, P. C. (2012). Exceptional Learners: An Introduction to Special Education. Boston: Pearson.
  • Give two (2) reasons why it is important to identify student with special/gifts or talents in the classroom.
  • Suggest (1) reason why you may not want to identify a student as gifted/talented.