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The Legacy of the Roman Empire. Reasons for the fall of the Roman Empire in the west. Political Instability Economic and Social Problems Weakening Frontiers. Political Instability. Lack of peaceful method for transferal of power Generals fighting for control. Economic Problems.

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reasons for the fall of the roman empire in the west

Reasons for the fall of the Roman Empire in the west.

Political Instability

Economic and Social Problems

Weakening Frontiers

political instability
Political Instability

Lack of peaceful method for transferal of power

Generals fighting for control

economic problems
Economic Problems

1.    huge armies - heavy taxes - poverty

2.    slaves - unemployment - poor flood to cities

3.    trade declined

social problems
Social Problems
  • 1.    corruption and government waste
  • 2.    decline in the spirit of citizenship
  • 3.    crime made roads unsafe
weakening frontiers
Weakening Frontiers
  • 1.    empire’s huge size made it hard to defend
  • 2.    barbarians move inside empire
rome is divided
Rome is Divided
  • 1.    Constantine sets up new capital in the east at Byzantium (Constantinople). Byzantine Empire last another 1000 years.
  • 2.    barbarians invade in the west and set up separate kingdoms; last emperor driven from throne 476 C.E.
rome leaves a lasting legacy in
Rome Leaves a Lasting Legacy in
  • Art
  • Architecture
  • Engineering
  • Language
  • Writing
  • Philosophy
  • Law
  • Citizenship
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Art
  • Important Art Forms: realistic statues, mosaics, frescoes, decorative bottles, gem cutting, metal work and cameos
  • Art Forms that Influence modern life: murals, lifelike statues, cut gems, and cameos
architecture and engineering
Architecture and Engineering
  • Important Architectural and Engineering Achievements: arch, vault, dome, concrete, stadium, triumphal arch, roads, bridges, and aqueducts.
  • Architecture and Engineering that Influence Modern Life: designs of churches, banks, government buildings (including our Capitol dome), stadiums. Some modern roads are built over Roman roads and some aqueducts are used today.
language and writing
Language and Writing
  • Roman alphabet has 23 letters; English 26 letters (J, U, W)
  • The numbers 1, 10, 100, and 1000 were written as I, X, C, and M.
  • Roman language that influences modern life: proverbs, Latin root words and prefixes.
philosophy law and citizenship
Philosophy, Law, and Citizenship
  • Important Roman ideas:

1. Live in a way that agrees with nature

2. The only true good thing in life is to have good character

3. Everyone has natural rights

  • Ways Roman philosophy, law, and citizenship have affected modern life:

1. Some legal codes are based on Roman laws

2. Many people today believe in natural rights as stated in the Declaration of Independence

3. In the U.S., all citizens have the same rights