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QUIZ pp. 622-627. What was the AUGSLEICH, or Compromise of 1867? What was the greatest of the reforms undertaken by TSAR ALEXANDER II of Russia? What were the ZEMSTVOS? What happened to Tsar Alexander II in 1881? Who reigned in Britain from 1837-1901 and had an age named after her?

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quiz pp 622 627
QUIZ pp. 622-627
  • What was the AUGSLEICH, or Compromise of 1867?
  • What was the greatest of the reforms undertaken by TSAR ALEXANDER II of Russia?
  • What were the ZEMSTVOS?
  • What happened to Tsar Alexander II in 1881?
  • Who reigned in Britain from 1837-1901 and had an age named after her?
  • Who were GLADSTONE

and DISRAELI?

Tsar Alexander II

quiz answers
QUIZ ANSWERS
  • DUAL MONARCHY OF AUSTRIA-HUNGARY
  • ABOLITION OF SERFDOM/EMANCIPATION OF THE SERFS
  • LOCAL ELECTED COUNCILS
  • ASSASSINATED
  • QUEEN VICTORIA
  • LEADERS OF THE WHIGS AND TORIES
the austrian empire toward a dual monarchy
THE AUSTRIAN EMPIRE  TOWARD A DUAL MONARCHY
  • The Von Bach plan 1851  unified system of admin, law, taxation Hungary placed under military rule
  • Economic troubles + the Italian War + the Austro-Prussian War = big trouble for Austria weakness
  • Hungary wants independence
the augsleich the compromise of 1867
THE AUGSLEICH = THE COMPROMISE OF 1867
  • Creates the dual monarchy of Austria-Hungary
  • Each part has separate constit, legis, capital
  • Both states have the same ruler = Emperor Francis Joseph
  • States share foreign policy, army, finances
imperial russia
IMPERIAL RUSSIA
  • Russian defeat in the Crimean War =
  • Russia is falling behind W. Europe
  • Russia needs to reform and modernize
tsar alexander ii 1855 1881
TSAR ALEXANDER II (1855-1881)
  • The great reforming tsar
  • Comes to power in the middle of the Crimean War
  • Attempts to overhaul the Russian system
  • Abolition of serfdom 1861
  • Zemstvos = elected local assemblies
  • Legal reforms – regular system of local and provincial courts
reformers vs conservatives in russia westernizers vs slavophiles
REFORMERS vs. CONSERVATIVES IN RUSSIA = WESTERNIZERS vs. SLAVOPHILES
  • Reformers –
  • Wanted more and faster change
  • ALEXANDER HERZEN = peasant must be chief instrument of reform = Populism

a. a type of socialism

b. village peasant commune is a type of natural organic socialism

c. peasant commune should be basis for a new Russian society

d. failed

  • Some reformers turned to more radical and violent ideas = THE PEOPLE’S WILL = terrorism

a. revolutionary group

b. assassinate Tsar Alexander II in 1881

tsar alexander iii 1881 1894
TSAR ALEXANDER III (1881-1894)
  • Comes to power when his father is assassinated
  • Turns against reform
  • Rules in an autocratic repressive way = reactionary

Tsar Alexander III

why no revolution of 1848 in britain
WHY NO REVOLUTION OF 1848 IN BRITAIN?
  • THE REFORM ACT OF 1832 = first move to expand the franchise = expand voting rights
  • Effective parliament = responds to the people
  • Social and political reforms
  • Economic growth
great britain the victorian age
GREAT BRITAIN – THE VICTORIAN AGE
  • mid-century Britain
  • Named after Queen Victoria (1837-1901)
  • Period of strict morality, duty, family values, prim and proper
  • Lord Palmerston = PM 1855-1865 = not reformer = no new voting rights
  • After 1865 political changes = new voting rights

Queen Victoria

key political figures of victorian england
KEY POLITICAL FIGURES OF VICTORIAN ENGLAND

WILLIAM GLADSTONE = leader of the liberals

BENJAMIN DISRAELI = leader of the conservatives

major reforms in the victorian era
Major reforms in the Victorian Era
  • THE REFORM ACT OF 1867 = extends voting rights to male urban workers
  • Competitive exams for civil service jobs/not patronage or connections
  • Secret ballot for voting
  • Abolishes purchasing of military commissions
  • THE EDUCATION ACT OF 1870 = elementary education for all children