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QUIZ pp. 657-661. SOCIAL STRUCTURE OF THE MASS SOCIETY. After 1871  improving standards of living/rising wages…BUT… Gap between rich and poor still enormous Small group of elite at top Large # of very poor at bottom. THE ELITE. 5% of pop controlled 30-40% of wealth

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social structure of the mass society
SOCIAL STRUCTURE OF THE MASS SOCIETY
  • After 1871  improving standards of living/rising wages…BUT…
  • Gap between rich and poor still enormous
  • Small group of elite at top
  • Large # of very poor at bottom
the elite
THE ELITE
  • 5% of pop controlled 30-40% of wealth
  • NEW ELITE = aristocrats + wealthy industrialists, bankers, and merchants
  • BERTHA KRUPP = wealthiest woman in Germany  not an aristocrat
  • The fusing of aristocrats and plutocrats
  • Plutocrats bought country houses
  • Aristocrats bought townhouses
  • Children of wealthy gain entrance to elite schools
  • Leadership roles in govt and mil for middle class
  • Marriage
  • Class lines still strong in many countries

Bertha Krupp

the middle class
THE MIDDLE CLASS
  • Middle middle class =
  • Professionals – medicine, law, civil service
  • Moderately wealthy industrialists and merchants
  • Business managers and new professionals – engineers, accountants, chemists
  • The lower middle class =
  • Small shop keepers, traders, prosperous peasants
  • New white collar office workers – secretaries, bank tellers, clerks, salesmen
middle class values
MIDDLE CLASS VALUES
  • Victorian values
  • Importance of science and progress
  • Hard work
  • Churchgoing and traditional Christian morality
  • Propriety = doing the proper/correct thing
the lower class
THE LOWER CLASS
  • 80% of the pop –
  • Landholding peasants, ag workers, sharecroppers
  • Urban working class = skilled craftsmen, semi-skilled workers
  • Largest group of the lower class was unskilled workers = day laborers, servants
the woman question
“THE WOMAN QUESTION”

In the 19th century women remained –

  • Inferior
  • Economically dependent
  • Defined by family and household roles

The ideal of society –

  • Marriage
  • Domesticity
  • Economic necessity forced women to marry
  • Increase in marriage rates and decline in illegitimacy rates
new view of children
NEW VIEW OF CHILDREN
  • Started with Rousseau in the late 18th cent
  • Children as unique beings  not little adults
  • Focus on creating a good environment for children
  • New children’s games and toys  focus on learning and development
the working class family
THE WORKING CLASS FAMILY
  • Hard work was the way of life for the lower classes
  • Daughters worked until they married
  • Wages and standards of living increased for the lower classes and more lower class women able to stay home
  • Increasing consumer consumption
  • Smaller #’s of children in lower class families began to be the pattern