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Youth, youth leisure, and youth policy. Andries van den Broek, Koen Breedveld, Jos de Haan, Frank Huysmans, & Elke Zeijl Social and Cultural Planning Office. Youth, youth leisure, and youth policy. * policy theory * facts and figures * tenability of policy claims. Sources.

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youth youth leisure and youth policy

Youth, youth leisure, and youth policy

Andries van den Broek,Koen Breedveld,Jos de Haan,Frank Huysmans,& Elke ZeijlSocial and Cultural Planning Office

youth youth leisure and youth policy1

Youth, youth leisure,and youth policy

  • * policy theory
  • * facts and figures
  • * tenability of policy claims
sources

Sources

  • * policy documents
    • Youths deserve the future (1993)
    • Youth policy in equilibrium (1999)
  • * Research among pupils
policy theory

Policy theory

  • * inter-sector youth policy presupposes a relation between leisure participation and development: without certain types of participation, chances for development are supposed to be missed
  • * yet cultural policy aims at culture as such, not at culture as an instrument
  • * not at stake here: prevention policy
policy practice

Policy practice

  • * youth policy is a rather weak player, influencing its network is its main armory
  • * youth policy is highly de-centralized, both to sectors and to local government
  • * policy targets suffer lack specification (due to weak theoretical and practical basis?)
towards measurement 1

Towards measurement 1

  • * social participation:
    • sport
    • culture
    • media
    • political participation and volunteering
  • * implicit assumption that participation in ‘own’ youth culture is devoid of positive effects
towards measurement 2

Towards measurement 2

  • * state of development:
    • cognitive (school)
    • emotional (emotional problems)
    • social (parents & peers)
    • physical (subjective well-being)
effects of sport

Effects of sport

* cognitive: school n.s.

* emotional: problems -.07

* social: parents .05

* social: peers .05

* physical .12

effects of canonized culture

Effects of (canonized) culture

* cognitive: school .04

* emotional: problems .06

* social: parents .06

* social: peers n.s.

* physical n.s.

effects of media reading

Effects of media (reading)

* cognitive: school .04

* emotional: problems n.s.

* social: parents .08

* social: peers -.04

* physical n.s.

effects of volunteering

Effects of volunteering

* cognitive: school -

* emotional: problems .03

* social: parents .04

* social: peers -.08

* physical .12

counter test effects of youth culture hanging out

Counter-test:Effects of youth culture (hanging out)

* cognitive: school -.06

* emotional: problems .04

* social: parents -.09

* social: peers n.s.

* physical n.s.

activities fostered

Activities fostered

* sport

* amateur cultural activities

* canonized cultural visits

* reading

* membership associations

* volunteering

activities not fostered

Activities not fostered

* movies, rock concerts

* bars, discotheques

* watching telly

* computer, internet

* telephoning

overall effects of fostered and non fostered activities

Overall effects of fostered and non-fostered activities

f. n.f.

* cognitive: school .05 n.s.

* emotional problems n.s. -.04

* social: parents .10 n.s.

* social: peers .03 .15

* physical .08 n.s.

and so

And so: ???

  • * no support for youth policy !!!
  • * is policy theory inadequate ???
  • * are our measurements inadequate ???