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YOUTH POLICY

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  1. YOUTH POLICY Andallit’s mysteries… ReinhildeHagymasi Bart Vandewiele

  2. YOUTH POLICY Definition 1. Youth=broad VS narrow sense 2. Policy = measures => effect 1+2 => Youth policy = ‘Allactions of policy which have aninfluence on children, adolescentsand/or their clubs’

  3. YOUTH POLICY Differentation: organised VS non-organisedyouth

  4. Levels of youth policy European Union 3 communities - Flemish - German-speaking - French 3 regions - Flemish - Walloon - BxlCapital Belgium federal state Unitary state 10 provinces 589 municipalities

  5. History ‘Belgian’ youth policy There’s no suchthing as ‘Belgian’ youth policy…

  6. Three belgiancommunities Flanders or Flanders? Languages!

  7. Remarkablemilestones • First ‘youth house’ <= new forms of youth culture (‘problematic’) • 1997: first Flemish ‘Minister of Youth’ • A few stunningfacts…

  8. Basic assumption Children’s rights: three kinds of rights (‘3 P’s’)

  9. Few hot topics • Working as as student worker • Scholarship • Organising a party

  10. Working as a student worker Earlier: 46 days a year - maximum 23 daysduringsummer - maximum 23 daysduring the year Since 1 January 2012: severalmeasures 1) Length of labour: 50 daysthroughout the year

  11. Working as a student worker 2) Reducedsocialcontributions 3) Contract of 12 months = possible 4) Application

  12. Working as a student worker • Conditions - Age: 15/16 - Signing a student agreement => protection (rightsandobligations)

  13. Scholarship How torequest a scholarship? Manyconditions: - Fill in the official forms - Deadline! - File in order => scholarship or not? > Disagreementwith the result: raiseobjections

  14. Scholarship >Allconditionsfulfilled: scholarship + reducedregistration fee toeducationalinstitution

  15. Scholarship • Costs(K.U. Leuven, 2011-2012) • STUDY: - Registration fee: 1) full time student (€ 578.70) 2) student: almostentitledscholarship (€340.00) 3) scholarship: (€ 80)

  16. Scholarship - Course material (€ 300-500) - Computer (€ 350) • COSTS OF LIVING - renting a room 1) subsidizedstudent accomodation (€970-2130/10 months) 2) private room(€2500-3000) > meals(€350)+ bike rental(€35) + travelcosts?

  17. Scholarship • Costreduction - family allowance - Tax Reduction - scholarship [€ 234.07- € 2174.15 (min.) / € 3622.42 (max.)] • alternative: - student loan: practical, but… => social service of institution (cfr. Katho)

  18. Organising a party The law “The presence in dance halls and pubs is prohibited for minors under 16 years if they are not accompanied by a parent or another adult. "An exception is made for "dance venues which do not mind a spirit of trade."

  19. Organising a party NOT BREAKIN’ THE LAW! NOT BREAKIN’ THE LAW! => Whenyou want toorganisea party, you have to deal with …

  20. Organising a party Notonly a flyer, somespotslightsand a dj of course… But also: - An appropriatelocation - Safety and security - Paying the music (SABAM) - Responsibility - Noisestandards

  21. Organising a party - Integrated plan - Manylicenses (traffic, publicity, garbage, …) - Financial affairs - someusefool tools (e.g. ‘reliefmaps’)

  22. Trend(sett)ing topics • Festival Novarock (Kortrijk) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VJJ6MMwT53o - Safe Party Zone - Silent disco room http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dRKhWipunPc - ‘Indoor field’ - SustainableDance Floor: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zf5fihc2GOY

  23. Organising a party • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XQ1GL1zgcU4&feature=fvst Like the Beastie Boys said:

  24. Youth policy The practice…

  25. Youth Policy • School • Diversity • Mobility • Space in the community • Work • Culture • Arts • Parties • Welfare • Youthwork • Youth information

  26. Well-beingand welfare A feeling of being comfortable, healthy, and happy. Someone's welfare is their health and happiness.

  27. What do youthinkthis subject is about? Poverty reduction relations prevention Play truant health alcohol Youth court rights Drive behavior assistance Persons with a disability drugs Institutions Physical health school

  28. Prevention Policy • Flemish and local Policy • 1. Coordination Prevention Policy • Steering committee • Create actions and initatives • construct a policy note • Evaluation of the policy note

  29. Prevention Policy • 2. Information andsensibilisation • Reporting point for prevention • Prevention workers • Exposure of information about different themes (alcohol, drugs, vandalism…) • Newspapers online • Organisations • School

  30. Prevention Policy • 3. Stimulation and support of initiatives • New ideas • Questions

  31. How? Environment Medium Person • It’s a policy foreveryoneandespeciallyfor risk group

  32. Prevention initiatives Where do you think prevention initiatives are necessary in Belgium? • Suicide • Alcohol and Drive behaviour

  33. Suicide prevention • Everyday 3 persons commit suicide in Flanders. In Belgium that’s 5/6 a day! • More than 10 times this rate try to do it. • Above the European average • Minister Jo Vandeurzen is to decrease the number of suicide with 20% in 2020.

  34. Deathsfromsuicide :2008

  35. Suicide Prevention 1. To stimulate mental health of people in the society (e.g. Fit in je hoofd) 2. Easy accessible phone institutions (e.g. zelfmoordlijn) 3. Quality of the service and optimise different networks 4. To avoid the provoking of suicide 5. Attention for specific target groups

  36. Campaign: Fit in je hoofd • 10 steps to make you feel allright • 1 findyourself ok • 2 talk aboutit • 3 move • 4 trysomething new • 5 count on yourfriends • 6 daresaying ‘no’ • 7 go forit • 8 askfor help • 9 giveyourself rest • 10 keep it cool

  37. Campaign: NOK NOK It’s knocking in my head • Nok nok (12-16) • information • I know myself • My limits • Count on others • Time for myself • Instructions and tasks

  38. Youth initiatives Giovanni Wojtkowiak (15) and YleniaGarlisi (16) created their own site: http://stopzelfmoord.tk/

  39. Alcohol and drive behaviour… • General: • Three phenomena in car accidents with victims: • driving under influence of alcohol • bad drive behaviour • don’t wearing the belt • ¼ of traffic victims are due to alcohol • Youth: • Driving under influence of alcohol is the biggest problem, especially in the weekend nights • Traffic accidents are the most common cause of death for the youth! => Preventionis necessary!

  40. Youth on the highway! 2009

  41. Prevention • Integrated plan • Context • Prevention Initiatives • School • Bob Campaign • Responsible young drivers

  42. Are you the BoBtonight?

  43. Responsible young drivers Age: 17-29

  44. Conclusion… Prevention can’t help everything, but that may not be the reason why we could not think about it.

  45. Any Questions?

  46. References - CJSM. Jeugd. Websites Vlaamse Overheid. Consulted the 1th of February 2012 on: http://www.cjsm.vlaanderen.be/jeugd/index.shtml - De kracht van je stem. De educatieve dienst van het Vlaamse Parlement. Consultedthe 7th of March2012 on http://www.dekrachtvanjestem.be/kvjss/jongeren/images/besturen.gif - Departement Leefmilieu, Natuur en Energie. Samenvatting voor geluidsnormen muziekactiviteiten. Consulted the 6th of March 2012 on: http://www.lne.be/themas/hinder-en-risicos/geluidshinder/beleid/muziek/regeling-voor-geluidsnormen-muziekactiviteiten - Fuifpunt. Organisaties en tips. Consulted the 6th of March 2012 on: http://www.fuifpunt.be/thema/organisatie-en-tips - Goes, K. (16/11/2009). Ver-kijker. Consulted the 16th of February2012 on: http://www.jeugdwerknet.be/nieuws/item/10-jaar-jeugd-bert-anciaux-blikt-terug-1 - Jeugdbeleidsplan. Welzijn. Consulted the 1th of February 2012 on http://www.jeugdbeleidsplan.be/pagina/waarover_gaat_een_plan/thema%E2%80%99s/welzijn - Jobat. Versoepelde regeling voor jobstudenten vanaf 2012. Consulted the 5th of March 2012 on: http://www.jobat.be/nl/artikels/versoepelde-regeling-voor-jobstudenten-vanaf-2012/ - Jongerengids (2010). Hoe betaal ik mijn studie. Consulted the 6th of March 2012 on: http://www.jongerengids.be/large/meer-lezen/hoe-betaal-ik-mijn-studie-74.aspx

  47. References - Onderwijskiezer (July 2011). Het prijskaartje van een jaar hoger onderwijs. Consulted the 12th of March 2012 on http://www.google.be/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&frm=1&source=web&cd=3&cts=1331635053918&ved=0CC8QFjAC&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.onderwijskiezer.be%2Fdoc%2FHet%2520prijskaartje%2520van%2520een%2520jaar%2520hoger%2520onderwijs.pdf&ei=bCNfT5WRH8Wc8gO0w-WiBw&usg=AFQjCNGVy1YkXmpAwTOLXgU7Y5APmRpxlQ - Redactie HLN. Novarock in Kortrijk pakt uit met duurzame dansvloer (16/03/2010). Het Laatste Nieuws. Consulted the 7th of Marchon: http://www.hln.be - Rijksdienst voor Sociale Zekerheid. Student @ work. Consulted the 6th of March 2012 on: https://www.mysocialsecurity.be/student/nl/index.html - Stad Kortrijk. Safe Party Zone. Consulted the 7th of March 2012 on: http://www.kortrijk.be/safepartyzone - Steunpunt Jeugd. Definities. Consulted the 6th of February 2012 on: http://www.steunpuntjeugd.be/situering/definities - Tegenbos, G. (06 februari 2012). Provincies behouden toch welzijnstaken. De Standaard, p. 9. - Van Gaens, J. et al., De Coninck, S. (red.) (2011). Het jeugdbeleid in Vlaanderen. Wegwijzer door het beleid. Antwerpen: Kluwer

  48. I’m S.P.I.C.Y. and I knowit!