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William the Conqueror and the Norman Invasion. Origins. William I was born in 1028 in Normandy He was the Duke of Normandy from 1035-1087 King of England from 1066-1087. Normandy. King of England. William visited his cousin Edward the Confessor in 1052 (King of England)

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Presentation Transcript
origins
Origins
  • William I was born in 1028 in Normandy
  • He was the Duke of Normandy from 1035-1087
  • King of England from 1066-1087
king of england
King of England
  • William visited his cousin Edward the Confessor in 1052 (King of England)
  • Edward promised William that he would succeed him after his death
  • Edward passed away in 1066
trouble
Trouble
  • England’s nobles decided to elect Harold as the king of England
  • William rebelled and got the support of Pope Alexander II
  • William assembled a fleet of 600 ships and 7000 men to invade England
invasion begins
Invasion begins
  • William landed in England September 28, 1066
  • Wm. assembles a pre-made wooden castle on Harold’s personal estate
  • This forces Harold to react quickly
battle of hastings
Battle of Hastings
  • Harold was fighting a rival in northern England at the time
  • Harold marches his army 250 miles in 9 days to fight William
  • The Battle of Hastings would begin October 14th, 1066
battle of hastings1
Battle of Hastings
  • Both sides had about 7,000-8,000 men
  • The English (Anglo-Saxons) were defeated
  • Harold was wounded in the face with an arrow and later killed with hand weapons
aftermath
Aftermath
  • William began to make his way toward London
  • William was crowned King of England Christmas Day 1066
  • Resistance remained in northern England until 1075
bayeaux tapestry
Bayeaux Tapestry
  • This is a tapestry that is 20 inches by 230 feet
  • It’s believed that Queen Matilda, William’s wife, ordered its creation
  • It depicts the Norman victory of 1066
bayeaux tapestry1
Bayeaux Tapestry
  • William coming to England
bayeaux tapestry2
Bayeaux Tapestry
  • Some think this may be a picture of Harold’s death
significance of the invasion
Significance of the Invasion
  • William commissioned the creation of the Domesday Book
  • This was similar to modern census
  • The purpose was to determine what people owned and where they lived
  • This was so they could be taxed
significance of the invasion1
Significance of the Invasion
  • William built many castles to stop rebellions
  • Also constructed the Tower of London
  • Land was taken from the church and given to loyal Normans