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William the Conqueror and the Norman Invasion. Origins. William I was born in 1028 in Normandy He was the Duke of Normandy from 1035-1087 King of England from 1066-1087. Normandy. King of England. William visited his cousin Edward the Confessor in 1052 (King of England)

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William the Conqueror and the Norman Invasion


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    Presentation Transcript
    1. William the Conqueror and the Norman Invasion

    2. Origins • William I was born in 1028 in Normandy • He was the Duke of Normandy from 1035-1087 • King of England from 1066-1087

    3. Normandy

    4. King of England • William visited his cousin Edward the Confessor in 1052 (King of England) • Edward promised William that he would succeed him after his death • Edward passed away in 1066

    5. Trouble • England’s nobles decided to elect Harold as the king of England • William rebelled and got the support of Pope Alexander II • William assembled a fleet of 600 ships and 7000 men to invade England

    6. Invasion begins • William landed in England September 28, 1066 • Wm. assembles a pre-made wooden castle on Harold’s personal estate • This forces Harold to react quickly

    7. Battle of Hastings • Harold was fighting a rival in northern England at the time • Harold marches his army 250 miles in 9 days to fight William • The Battle of Hastings would begin October 14th, 1066

    8. Battle of Hastings • Both sides had about 7,000-8,000 men • The English (Anglo-Saxons) were defeated • Harold was wounded in the face with an arrow and later killed with hand weapons

    9. Aftermath • William began to make his way toward London • William was crowned King of England Christmas Day 1066 • Resistance remained in northern England until 1075

    10. Bayeaux Tapestry • This is a tapestry that is 20 inches by 230 feet • It’s believed that Queen Matilda, William’s wife, ordered its creation • It depicts the Norman victory of 1066

    11. Bayeaux Tapestry • William coming to England

    12. Bayeaux Tapestry • Some think this may be a picture of Harold’s death

    13. Significance of the Invasion • William commissioned the creation of the Domesday Book • This was similar to modern census • The purpose was to determine what people owned and where they lived • This was so they could be taxed

    14. Significance of the Invasion • William built many castles to stop rebellions • Also constructed the Tower of London • Land was taken from the church and given to loyal Normans

    15. Tower of London