DEFINITIONS • fo-ren-sic (fěren’ sik) adj. [ < L. forensic, public ] 1. to speak publicly in a manner suitable for a court of law, public debate or formal argument; 2. having to do with the application of scientific knowledge to legal matters. • Forensic ScienceThe application of science to those criminal and civil laws that are enforced by police agencies in a criminal justice system. • The application of science to law.
HISTORY Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. 1887. Medical Student Famous Author
SHERLOCK HOLMES Introduced concepts of: Serology Fingerprinting Firearms identification Questioned documents
ALPHONSE BERTILLION Father of criminal identification Anthropometry – body meansurements
Francis Galton 1st study of fingerprints Developed 1st classification system
Calvin Goddard 1891-1955 U.S. Army Colonel Developed firearms identification through the use of the comparison microscope
EDMOND LOCARD 1877 – 1966 Applied the “scientific method” to the first working laboratory in Lyons, France. Established the concept of “cross transfer.” AKA- “Exchange Principle.”
August Vollmer 1923 Los Angeles Father of modern police work in America. Modernized departments. Established the oldest crime lab in U.S.
J. Edgar Hoover 1st F.B.I. DIRECTOR F.B.I. NATIONAL LABORATORY WORLDS LARGEST