Creating a Republic. Chapter 7. In forming Governments the states each wrote a constitution. Constitution - a document that sets out the law, principals, organization, an process of a government. States did this for two reasons
Before Articles were approved, land disputes arose about the land west of Appalachian Mountains.
Great Britain ignored Treaty of Paris by not removing troops from the Ohio Valley.
Daniel Shay, Massachusetts farmer who fought at Bunker Hill and Saratoga organized an uprising in 1786.
Because of Shays’ Rebellion, Americans saw that the Articles of Confederation were not working.
Virginia Plan was proposed by James Madison and Edmund Randolph. (delegates from Virginia)
For a while no one could agree on a plan and the congress began to fall apart.
Wanted to let slavery count into population even though they were not allowed to vote.
At the end of the summer there were 3 questions that Congress has left to answer.
Founding Fathers realized when the Roman republic fell it was no longer a republic, but a dictatorship under Caesar Augustus.
Most of the ideas in the Constitution came from the ideas from the European Enlightenment.
French Enlightenment thinker Baron de Montesquieu influenced how the government was formed.
Founding fathers drew up the constitution using many traditions from all over the world.
In 1787 and 1788 each state elected delegates to a special state convention that would decide if that state would ratify the Constitution.
Argued that the Articles of Confederation left to much power with states, that produced an imbalance that produced a weak federal government.
Thought the Constitution left the national government to strong and the states to weak.
Antifederalists main concern with the Constitution was that it did not include a bill of rights.
Americans voted in the First election under the new Constitution in January 1789.
Framers of the Constitution established a way that the constitution could be amended if the need arose.
Madison made it clear that the Bill of Rights did not give Americans any rights. It simply was a list of rights that belonged to all human beings.