Radio broadcasting in Portugal: an overview. Luís Carvalho Radio enthusiast & Dxer WRTH contributor for Portugal FMLIST editor for Portugal Personal website about radio ( mainly in Portuguese): Mundo da Rádio - http://www.mundodaradio.com E-mail: email@example.com.
EDXC Conference 2013
6-9 September – Figueira da Foz, Portugal
(*) Few VHF-FM txsassigned to Rádio Renascença (RR) broadcast Rádio Sim; all MW outletscarryalsothelatter. Rádio Sim also uses some local stations to serve on VHF-FM a numberofcities.
Please note thatboth TSF & M80 are alsorelayedby some local stations sothatthefirstone (TSF) serves some cities in thesouthof Portugal, while M80 reachesalso a numberofcities in theNorth.
Photos: MW transmitteratBoidobra (Covilhã), broadcastingAntena 1on666 kHz 10 kW. Observe thecapacityhatatthe top ofthetowercarryingYagi-Uda antennas. Unlikeother MW towers, theradiatingantennaisnotthetoweritself as some peoplemightthink, butinsteadthe 3 wiresalongthetower (fromthe top to bottom; not to beconfusedwiththeguy- wires). Cortesyof Paulo Pinto.
5 radio stations:
Take intoaccountthatthementioned figures don’treflecttheexistenceof a verysmallnumberofVHF-FM txs(as ofAugust 2013 , 1 for Antena 1, 1 for Antena 2 and2 for Antena 3) runningtestsunderconsentof ANACOM (thereforenotyetlicensed). Moreover, a smallnumberoftowers in POR & AZR havesimultaneouslyantennas for MW & VHF-FM (e.g., Viseu, Portalegre, Mte. das Cruzes [Flores, Azores]).
Pictures (exceptthemap) cortesyof Paulo Pinto
RTP radio servicesbroadcastingfromTrevim:
87.9 MHz 34 kW – Antena 1
89.3 MHz 34 kW – Antena 2
102.2 MHz 39 kW – Antena 3
Photos: Paulo Pinto
Gardunha transmitter (VHF-FM) :RR– 103.4 MHz & RFM – 99.5 MHz (both 10 kW); phototaken in 2010; the 2 photoscortesyof Paulo Pinto
Vila Real MW transmitter for Rádio Sim - 981 kHz 1 kW (taken in 2008)
Rádio Renascença (RR)is a private, commercialandreligious radio station ownedbythe Portuguese CatholicChurch.
RR startedbroadcastingofficiallyon 1 January 1937
Untilthe 1960s, RR hadonly2 MW outletslocated in LisboaandPorto, besidesone SW tx in the capital of Portugal (Lisboa).
Between 1965 and 1971, thestation installed a VHF-FM network of17 transmitterscoveringmostpartsofthe country (mainland).
On 7 November, duringthetransitionalperiodknown as PREC, txsat Buraca (near Lisboa) werebombedby a radical left-wingpoliticalmovement.
Duringthe late 1970s/ early 1980s, RR instalednew MW transmitterscovering Portugal mainland.
On 1 January 1987, a newmusic station ownedby Rádio Renascença (Renascença FM, nowRFM), enteredonair, broadcastingusing a second VHF-FM tx network.
In 1998, RR grouplaunchedthethird radio station, Mega FM (nowMega Hits), reaching a younger target audience.
Tenyears later, on 4 August 2008, Rádio Sim (aimedatlistenersover 55) waslaunched, broadcastingonmediumwaveand a smallnumberofVHF-FM transmittersassigned to RR.
Remark: besidesthementionednumberoftxs, RR & RFM has (August 2013) onetxundertestsnotyetlicensedby ANACOM.
Transmitter network (all VHF-FM unlessotherwisestated):
Rádio Condestável (Sertã) – maintxat Cabeço Rainha (91.3 MHz 0.5 kW)
Rádio Condestável (Sertã) – lowpowerrelayat São Macário (97.5 MHz 0.05 kW); photocortesyof Pedro Ramalhete
Two local stations from Porto withtransmitterat Monte da Virgem : Rádio Festival (94.8) & Rádio Nova (98.9), both 5 kW.In this case, thetowerislocatedoutsidethemunicipality for whichthe 2 stations wereassigned (Porto); in fact, Monte da Virgem belongs to themunicipalityof Vila Nova de Gaia. Photocredit: P. Pinto.
A towersharedby a national radio andtwo local stations atMundão (Viseu): Rádio Comercial (94.3 MHz 0.5 kW), Cidade FM (102.8 MHz 2 kW) & M80 Penalva do Castelo (95.6 MHz 0.5 kW). Note thatthetransmittingantennas for M80 havereflectors ( look atthe 4 antennasseen in the foreground of the third image (fromleft to right). CortesyofP. Pinto.
Photo: RARET facilities in Glória do Ribatejo (1951-1996). ImageretrievedfromFlickr website. Credit: Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation
ImagesretrievedfromFlickr website. Credit: Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation
Picture: oneoftherotatableshortwaveantennasat Sines. Photoretrievedusing Street View, from Google Earth software (free for non-commercial use).
r/com (Rádio Renascença) studioson Rua Ivens (Ivens Street) in Lisboa. Photo: Luís Carvalho
Thefirstknown radio audiobroadcast in Portugal tookplace in 1914, when Fernando Medeiros used a transmitter to say “Está lá, ouve bem?” (“hello, are youlistening?”). Thetransmitionwas in factlistened 100 metersaway (withinthecityof Lisboa) using a crystal radio.
Radio playedkey role duringtheCarnationRevolution (25 April 1974), whentheauthoritarian regime ruledby Oliveira Salazar (1932-1968) and Marcello Caetano (1968-1974) fell, openingtheway to democracy in Portugal? Rádio AlfabetafromEmissores Associados de Lisboa playedthefirstsecretsignalto warnmilitaryofficers; thesongwas “E Depois do Adeus”, by Paulo de Carvalho, whichwasPortugal’sentry in the 1974 EurovisionSongContest. Thesecondsignalwasthesong “Grândola, Vila Morena” by Zeca Afonso, whichwasbroadcastbyRádio Renascençaon 25 Aprilat12:20 AM. RR waschosenbecause in 1974 ithadalready a nationwide VHF-FM network, somilitaryinsurgentsaroundthe country couldbeawareofthecoupunderway.
Or as wesay in Portuguese,
Obrigado pela atenção!
73s & good DX!