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Reproductive Health Dr Babar T. Shaikh Aga Khan University Karachi, Pakistan. Reproductive Health. Learning Objectives Learn to define Reproductive health Understand the concept and importance of RH Describe the components of RH package. Reproductive Health.

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reproductive health
Reproductive Health

Learning Objectives

  • Learn to define Reproductive health
  • Understand the concept and importance of RH
  • Describe the components of RH package
reproductive health1
Reproductive Health

It is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely absence of disease or infirmity, in all matters relating to reproductive system and to its functions and processes.

Reproductive health care is defined as the constellation of methods, techniques and services that contribute to reproductive health and well-being through preventing and solving reproductive health problems.

concept of reproductive health
Concept of Reproductive Health
  • It implies that
  • couples have the ability to reproduce and regulate their fertility
  • women are able to go through pregnancy and child birth safely
  • outcome of the pregnancy is successful in terms of maternal and infant survival and well-being and
  • couples are able to have sexual relations free of the fear of pregnancy and of contracting any disease
slide5

Every minute in the world

380 women become pregnant

190 of these did not plan or do not wish the pregnancy

slide6

Every minute in the world

110 women experience a pregnancy-related complication

40 women have an unsafe abortion

1 woman dies from a pregnancy related issue

reproductive health situation in pakistan

Reproductive Health Situation In Pakistan

Socio-Demographic Profile (Current)

Total Population in millions = 142.5

Population Density (per sq. k.m.) = 166

TFR = 4.8

PGR = 2.1%

CPR = 30%

Maternal Mortality Rate/100,000 = 350

( births)

contd.

slide8

Infant mortality rate/1000 Births = 85

Female adult literacy rate = 33%

Adults living with HIV/AIDS = 74000

position in 2000
Position in 2000
  • Population per Doctor - 1,552
  • Population per Nurse - 3,788
  • Population Hospital Bed - 1,518
  • Deliveries at Home - 76

(percentage)

reproductive health package contd
Reproductive Health Package contd…

·Management of other reproductive health related problems of women;

· Prevention and management of RTIs/STIs and HIV/AIDS;

· Management of infertility;

· Detection of breast and cervical cancers;

· Management of reproductive health related issues of men.

mopw outlets
MoPW outlets
  • Family Welfare Centers.
  • Reproductive Health Centers
  • Mobile Service Units.
  • Provincial Health Departments
slide19

MoPW and MOH are adopting holistic approach.

  • Raising awareness about STIs and HIV/AIDS
  • Addressing Adolescent issue.
  • Women Empowerment with income generating skills.