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Romanticism, Puritanism, and Rationalism. By Matt Graf, Logan Kallop, Tony Pittavino, and Josh Selling. What is Puritanism?. Puritanism is a series of beliefs held mainly by the New England settlers. Was based on the teachings of John Calvin.

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Romanticism puritanism and rationalism

Romanticism, Puritanism, and Rationalism

By Matt Graf, Logan Kallop, Tony Pittavino, and Josh Selling

What is puritanism
What is Puritanism?

  • Puritanism is a series of beliefs held mainly by the New England settlers.

  • Was based on the teachings of John Calvin.

  • Taught people that God was the source of absolute truth.

  • Believed in Predestination, God decided everything

  • Believed that God was constantly intervening in the world

  • Man is inherently evil

  • (Stephenson).

And rationalism
And Rationalism?

  • Rationalism was a mid-18th century response to the extreme dogma of Puritanism

  • Believed that truth came through reason, rather than God

  • Believed in a much greater amount of freedom, and rejected Church dogma.

  • Rationalists believe that man is inherently good

  • Rationalists believe in the clock maker, theory, in that God, like a fine clock maker, lets the world run its own course, and does not interfere

  • (Leah).

  • (“Romantic”).


  • Romanticism is a literary movement that started as a response to rationalism

  • Romantics are much more idealistic than their Puritan and Rationalist counterparts.

  • To Romantics, truth comes from intuition, and civilization is the ultimate corrupter

  • There is a belief in Romanticism of the “Noble Savage,” a person who is untouched and uncorrupted by civilization, and in tune with nature

  • (Leah).

  • (“Romantic”).

  • (Kreis).

Puritan v romanticism
Puritan v. Romanticism



Rationalism vs romanticism
Rationalism vs. Romanticism



Final notes
Final Notes

  • Romanticism differs from the movements preceding it in that it was a literary movement that spawned a philosophy, rather than the other way around. Because of this, this movement was much more prolific than movements preceding it

  • Romanticism was a response to the ideas of high civilization in Rationalism, and claimed that the view of cities as the fountain of knowledge is false


  • 1. What is the Romantics source of truth?

  • 2. Things happen to Romantics because of what?

  • 3.Puritanism is based on the teachings of who?

  • 4. Who is the hero or ultimate goal in Romanticism?


1. Intuition

2. Destiny

3. John Calvin

4. Noble Savage

Works Cited

Kreis, Steven. “Lecture 16: The Romantic Era.” The History Guide. N.p., 4 Aug. 2009. Web. 30 Mar. 2010. <‌intellect/‌lecture16a.html>.

Leah, Heather. “Romanticism vs. Rationalism During the Renaissance.” Associatedcontent. N.p., 29 Aug. 2006. Web. 30 Mar. 2010. <‌article/‌54331/‌romanticism_vs_rationalism_during_the.html>.

“Romantic Vs. Rationalist.” N.p., 2003. Web. 30 Mar. 2010. <‌db/‌18/‌esv225.shtml>.

Stephenson, Susan. “Puritan Beliefs.” Seneca Valley School District. Winter 2010. Address.