Rationalism. Ali Pinkerton. Rationalism- (Latin- ratio , reason) -a theory of knowledge -Ideas and concepts are INDEPENDENT of experience/emotion -Truth is discovered through ONLY reason -Ball example. Definition. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RvlnG1923bs.
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- geocentric universe, etc.
(1543) Copernicus- heliocentric universe
(1572) Brahe- stars not stationary/unchanging
(1609) Kepler- laws of planetary motion
(1638) Galileo- Math. Discourse, X Aristotle
(1687) Newton- Principia, gravityBeginnings
Applied proofs to philosophy, e.g. to prove existence of God.Rene Descartes
“Prior to” (before experience)
self-evident truths, definitions
4+3= 7, parents have children
ideas people have from birth
can exist without proof
Descartes- “God exists.”
must exist because it could not be otherwise
To walk, you must have legs.
Contrast with empirical necessity (study to pass test)Cornerstones
-Rational mindset (justifies killing woman, using “paces”)
-Monologues resemble geometric proofs
-“The old woman was only an illness… I was in a hurry to overstep… I didn’t kill a human being, but a principle! I killed the principle, but I didn’t overstep, I stopped on this side… I was only capable of killing.” (275)
-Part I, Chapter II: rationalizing and making justification for his drinking
- By looking at facts and not experience (how his drinking affects his family) he can eschew the problem.
- “I try to find sympathy and feeling in drink. I drink so that I may suffer twice as much.” (14)
- Many say C&P is his criticism of rationalism
- Showing bad fates of characters whose philosophies and behaviors are based in rationalism.Rationalism in Crime & Punishment