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Roman Governance in Action. Laws and the Emperors. Laws. Early laws were not written down Lots of problems 12 Tables Like a constitution Many crimes; murder, robbery, kidnapping, tomb robbing, and adultery were punishable by death. More minor crimes- flogging, severed hand

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roman governance in action

Roman Governance in Action

Laws and the Emperors

slide2
Laws
  • Early laws were not written down
    • Lots of problems
  • 12 Tables
    • Like a constitution
  • Many crimes; murder, robbery, kidnapping, tomb robbing, and adultery were punishable by death.
  • More minor crimes- flogging, severed hand
  • Roman law influenced our law
question
Question...
  • What are the basic rights that you expect as a Canadian?
  • What do you think of the Roman 12 tables?
  • Why do you think that those types of things were important to Romans?
roman emperors
Roman Emperors

The good, the bad, and the ugly.

augustus 27 bc to 14 ad
Augustus 27 BC to 14 AD
  • Recognized as first emperor
  • Built roads across the empire
  • One of the first “emperor gods”
  • Huge Roman territory expansion
  • Made police service, fire fighters, professional army
tiberius 14 ad to 37 ad
Tiberius 14 AD to 37 AD
  • He and Augustus’ wife Livia possibly poisoned Augustus
  • Started reign good, got worse over time
  • Moved far away, had many wild parties
  • Had many people who didn’t like him killed,
    • Including his neice and her children, and his best friend
caligula 37 ad to 41 ad
Caligula 37 AD to 41 AD
  • “Little Boots”
  • Started off good, became ill, got CRAZY!
  • Invade Britain- Collect seashells
  • Declared himself a god
    • Ran through streets dressed as Venus, Bacchus, or Apollo
  • Loved horse. Gave it consulship.
    • Horse invited people over for parties
  • Spent all of Rome’s money
    • Killed richest people, stole their money.
  • Assassinated. Hated.
claudius 41 ad 54 ad
Claudius 41 AD 54 AD
  • Emperor by military
  • Hiding behind curtain shivering
  • Limp, speech impediment, sickly
  • First to expand empire since Augustus (Britain)
  • Poisoned by wife with mushrooms.
nero 54 ad to 68 ad
Nero 54 AD to 68 AD
  • Emperor at 16
  • Started good, got bad
  • Great fire
    • Arson? Lyre and dancing
    • Blamed Christians. Killed them in horrible ways
  • Mother wanted him out, put her out to sea on sinking boat.
    • Terminator mother
  • Military dethroned him
    • Committed suicide
year of the four emperors 68 ad to 69 ad
Year of the Four Emperors 68 AD to 69 AD
  • Lots of wars and strife
  • Galba, Otho, Vitellus, and then Vespasian
the 5 good emperors
“The 5 Good Emperors”

It’s Not All Bad!!!

nerva 96 ad to 98 ad
Nerva 96 AD to 98 AD
  • Lowered taxes
  • Very cautious with wars and diplomacy
  • Not much happened during his reign
    • A good thing!
trajan 98 ad to 117 ad
Trajan 98 AD to 117 AD
  • Lived free of vice
  • Built public schools so the poor could be educated
  • Built many buildings
  • Strictly followed the laws
  • More conquests: Empire at its largest
hadrian 117 ad to 138 ad
Hadrian 117 AD to 138 AD
  • Put on many games, gladiatorial shows
  • Made donations to poor
  • Cancelled unpaid debts
  • Travelled all over empire, really wanted to govern well
  • Reluctant to get into wars
antoninus pius
Antoninus Pius
  • Lots of funding for public works: schools, roads, etc. No war
  • Super laid back, loved his subjects.
marcus aurelius
Marcus Aurelius
  • Philosopher
    • Thought about everything very carefully
  • Main focus was on the senate and legislating
    • Also fought revolts in Parthia
  • Old man, very peaceful
question1
Question...
  • Do you think Rome is better off with emperors or just being governed by the 12 tables?