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Chapter 6 Section 1. Objectives: - Identify the first steps taken by the Washington Administration - Understand how George Washington established precedents for other presidents to follow. The United States in 1790. Population: 4 million 865,000 square miles (problems?)

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chapter 6 section 1

Chapter 6Section 1


- Identify the first steps taken by the Washington Administration

- Understand how George Washington established precedents for other presidents to follow

the united states in 1790
The United States in 1790
  • Population: 4 million
    • 865,000 square miles (problems?)
    • Westward Expansion (Kentucky 1792)
  • Rural and agrarian
  • Only 6 cities of over 8,000 People
washington leads
  • First President, ever
  • No models to follow
  • Constitution is more of a limiting document.

It is meant to prevent Washington, and his successors, from becoming tyrants.

It does not guide Washington or the first Congress in how to run the day to day business of government.

the judicial branch judiciary act of 1789
THE JUDICIAL BRANCHJudiciary Act of 1789
  • The Constitution did not provide for a federal judiciary. It only stated that there should be a Supreme Court.
  • Congress had to decide how many judges there would be, how long they would serve, and how they would be appointed.
  • S. Court is the “Supreme Law of the Land”
  • This Act was one of the first tests of the system of Checks and Balances.
  • WHY?
the executive branch

Washington begins his cabinet with 3 departments:

Alexander Thomas Henry

Hamilton Jefferson Knox

Secretary Secretary Secretary

of Treasury of State of War

hamilton s plans
Hamilton’s Plans
  • Strong central government, commerce, and industry
  • Economic Plan:
    • National Banking System
    • Nat. Govt. and states owed $ - to countries and private citizens
    • Federal govt. ate up state’s debts – Why was South angry?
    • Issue paper money and control taxes
    • Ties govt. to the wealthy!
    • Govt. does not have the power to do this!
hamilton v jefferson
Hamilton v. Jefferson
  • In this video, Hamilton is explaining to Jefferson, with both Adams and President Washington listening, the purpose and role of a National Bank.
washington d c is created
Washington D.C. is created!!
  • Why?
  • From Where?
  • Andrew Ellicott
    • Benjamin Banneker
whiskey rebellion

Catalyst: Hamilton Needs to raise revenue beyond what id being brought in by the protective tariff. In 1794 he passes an Excise tax on Whiskey.

Result: farmers in Western PA. who depended on the manufacture of whiskey (from their grain crop) reacted violently and reused to pay the marshals sent to collect the tax (sound familiar?)

End game: Hamilton, Washington and 15, 000 FEDERAL militia ride west to assert the power of the federal government

KEY IDEA: Hamilton saw the Whiskey Rebellion as an opportunity to show the Federal Governments ability to resolve domestic problems and assert the new government’s authority.

  • Judiciary Act of 1789
  • Alexander Hamilton
  • Cabinet
  • National bank
  • Republican
  • Two-party system
  • Protective tariff
  • Excise tax