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Juvenile Sex Offenders and Schools: What your district needs to know. Welcome Our presentation will begin shortly. Send your questions via chat to be answered in our Q&A session at the end of the webinar. Agenda . 12:00 p.m. Welcome and introductions

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Juvenile Sex Offenders and Schools: What your district needs to know

Welcome

Our presentation will begin shortly.

Send your questions via chat to be answered in our Q&A session at the end of the webinar.

agenda
Agenda
  • 12:00 p.m. Welcome and introductions
  • 12:03 p.m. Juvenile sex offenders in schools
      • Legal overview
      • Who are the juvenile sex offenders?
      • Lessons learned
      • Revised policy on JSO notification: what’s new?
      • Effective safety planning
  • 12: 45 p.m. Q&A

Presented by:

Heidi Maynard, WSSDA; Kathleen Sande, OSPI; and Dawn Larsen, WASPC

disclaimer
Disclaimer
  • Nothing in this presentation should be considered legal advice.
  • No information in this presentation represents the position of WSSDA, OSPI or WASPC on any specific legal matter.
  • Your district should seek professional legal counsel before acting upon any information in this presentation.
legal overview
Legal overview

Constitutional Provisions

  • U.S. Constitution /14th Amendment
  • Washington Constitution, Article XXVI, Compact with the United States (Fourth)
  • Washington Constitution, ARTICLE IX, Section 1
legal overview1
Legal overview

Statutory and Rule Provisions

District responsibility:

  • RCW 28A.150.210 Basic education – Goals of school districts.
  • WAC 392-400-215(1)

Student responsibility:

  • RCW 9A.44.130 (1)(b)(i)
legal overview2
Legal overview

Exception:

Juvenile Court Act

  • RCW 13.40.215(5)Upon discharge, parole, transfer to a community residential facility, or other authorized leave or release, a convicted juvenile sex offender shall not attend a public or approved private elementary, middle or high school that is attended by the victim or a sibling of a victim of the sex offender.
who are the juvenile sex offenders
Who are the Juvenile Sex Offenders?
  • Typically between the age of 13 and 17
  • Generally male
  • 30-60% exhibit learning disabilities and academic dysfunction
  • Up to 80% have a diagnosable psychiatric disorder
  • Difficulties with impulse control and judgment
  • 20-50% have histories of physical abuse
  • 40-80% have histories of sexual abuse

CSOM, “Myths and Facts About Sex Offenders: Statistic and Characteristics of Adult and Juvenile Offenders, available on CSOM website (http://www.csom.org)

who are the juvenile sex offenders1
Who are the Juvenile Sex Offenders?
  • They have significant problems in the following areas:
    • Social skills
    • Peer relationships
    • Social isolation
    • Academic difficulties
  • They often have lower incidents of drug and alcohol abuse and other criminal behaviors.
  • Juvenile sexual abusers have higher rates of:
    • Depression and mental health problems
    • Health problems at an earlier age
    • Fire setting and running away
    • Hyperactivity and restlessness
    • Sexual victimization
  • Schwartz, Barbara K. and Cellini, Henry R. (1995). The Sex Offender: Corrections, Treatment and Legal Practices. 6, 1-11.
who are the juvenile sex offenders2
Who are the Juvenile Sex Offenders?
  • The median age of offenders is 14 to 15.
  • The median age of the victim is 7.
  • Average number of victims is 7.
  • Over 90% of sex offenses involved a victim the offender knew.
  • Most attend school and achieve at least average grades.
  • 25 to 33% have neurological impairment.
  • Among other things, they are tall, short, heavy, thin, humorous, serious, challenged, ambitious, curious and resemble other peers their age.
current yso population in jra care
Current YSO Population in JRA Care

Data taken from Automated Client Tracking System 10/2013

lessons learned
Lessons Learned

ESSB 6580 required OSPI to convene a workgroup in 2006:

  • To develop a model policy for school principals receiving sex offender notifications
  • To provide safer school communities
  • To encourage principals to develop working relationships with local law enforcement
lessons learned1
Lessons Learned
  • Importance of School-Law Enforcement Relationship
lessons learned2
Lessons Learned

ESSB 6580 Recommendations:

  • Both principals and superintendents need notifications
  • Board policies are needed in all districts (no matter if they never have had a sex offender)
  • Local law enforcement encouraged to work closely with school principals
  • When school staff work collaboratively with law enforcement = safer schools & communities
revised ospi policy what s new
Revised OSPI Policy: what’s new

In 2012, SSB 5204 required the revised policy:

  • Clarified Superintendent responsibilities
  • Re-stated responsibilities of Principals
  • Added Student Safety Planning based upon Harassment-Intimidating-Bullying protocols
  • Added Model Safety Plan template
  • Added checklists for the safety meetings
current notification process
Current Notification Process

Step 2:

Step 3:

Step 1:

  • Level I Offender: school personnel who, in their judgment, for security purposes, should be aware of the student’s records.
  • Level II or III Offender: every teacher of that student plus any other school personnel who, in their judgment, should be aware of the student’s record.
  • Kidnapping Offenders: case-by-case basis.
  • student registration as a Level I, II or II enrolling in attending school OR
  • when a student’s risk level changes OR
  • when Sheriff is notified of student change of address
effective safety planning
Effective Safety Planning
  • Development
  • Implementation
thank you for attending
Thank you for attending!

Heidi Maynard, JD

Director of Policy and Legal Services,

Washington State School Directors’ Association

221 College Street NE

Olympia, WA 98516

360-252-3017

h.maynard@wssda.org

Kathleen O’Neill Sande

Institution Education Program Supervisor,

Office of Superintendent of Public Instruction

PO Box 47200

Olympia, WA 98504

360-725-6046

kathleen.sande@k12.wa.us

Dawn Larsen

Director of Projects, Washington Association of Sheriffs and Police Chiefs

3060 Willamette Drive NE

Lacey, WA 98516

360-486-2419

Dlarsen@waspc.org