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slide1

Welcome!

Your webinar will begin shortly.

There is nothing to hear at present. Make sure your speakers are turned on. If you have not already done so, please run the audio wizard (refer to directions in your registration email.)

In the meantime, can you think of a caption for this picture?

a child who can t behave in preschool should be taught

A Child Who Can’t Behave in Preschool Should Be…Taught!

Phoebe Rinkel, M.S.

Misty Goosen, Ed.S.

TASN-KITS

March 28, 2013

session objectives
Session Objectives
  • Understand the relationship between the development of academics and social emotional skills
  • Describe basic components of the Kansas MTSS for Behavior and the Teaching Pyramid
  • Identify methods for selecting and teaching social-emotional skills and competencies that are appropriate for all, some, and few
  • Understand the importance of “explicit” and “intentional” instruction of skills supporting social-emotional competence
  • Identify evidence-based resources to assist practitioners in embedding effective social-emotional instruction for children at different levels of development throughout the preschool day (including practices also shown to promote early literacy and learning!)
a child who can t behave
“A child who can’t behave. . .”
  • “If a child doesn’t know how to read, we teach.”
  • “If a child doesn’t know how to swim, we teach.”
  • “If a child doesn’t know how to multiply, we teach.”
  • “If a child doesn’t know how to drive, we teach.”
  • “If a child doesn’t know how to behave, we

teach? Or punish?”

Herner (1998)

what do we mean by teaching behavior in ec
What Do We Mean by “Teaching Behavior” in EC?

The development of social-emotional competence in the first five years of life relies on the developing capacity of the child to

  • form close and secure adult and peer relationships;
  • experience, regulate, and express emotions in socially and culturally appropriate ways; and
  • explore the environment and learn

CSEFEL (2008)

the link between children s social emotional competence and school success
The Link Between Children’s Social Emotional Competence and School Success

Instilling self-confidence in young children is arguably the single most important task of early childhood teachers.

Epstein (2007)

the link between children s social emotional competence and school success1
The Link Between Children’s Social Emotional Competence and School Success

Developing feelings of competence in young children is important because how children feel about themselves when they enter school has a great influence on their motivations and willingness to undertake challenging tasks. Epstein (2007)

the link between children s social emotional competence and school success2
The Link Between Children’s Social Emotional Competence and School Success

Children who have difficulty paying attention, following teacher directions, getting along with others, and controlling negative emotions, do less well in school.

Ladd, Kochenderfer, & Coleman (1997)

the link between children s social emotional competence and school success3
The Link Between Children’s Social Emotional Competence and School Success

Children who exhibit challenging behavior in the classroom are more likely to be rejected by classmates and to get less positive feedback from teachers, which, in turn, contributes to off task behavior and less instructional time.

Shores & Wehby(1999)

the link between children s social emotional competence and school success4
The Link Between Children’s Social Emotional Competence and School Success

Research has indicated that children’s emotional, social, and behavioral adjustment is as important for school success as cognitive and academic preparedness.

Raver & Zigler(1997)

the link between children s social emotional competence and school success5
The Link Between Children’s Social Emotional Competence and School Success

The National Academy of Sciences reported that 60% of children enter school with the cognitive skills needed to be successful, but only 40% have the social-emotional skills needed to succeed in kindergarten.

Raver (2002)

the link between children s social emotional competence and school success6
The Link Between Children’s Social Emotional Competence and School Success

A substantial body of of research indicates that children with behavior problems show social, cognitive, and behavioral deficits.

Coie & Dodge (1998)

the importance of being intentional
The Importance of Being Intentional. . .
  • What to teach
  • How to teach
  • How to meet the needs of individual children
  • How to monitor children’s growth
  • How to use data on child progress to guide decisions on assessment, curriculum, instruction, and intervention
about teaching social skills
…About Teaching Social Skills

Social skills training is not a specific curriculum, but rather a collection of practices that utilize a behavioral approach to teaching preschool children age-appropriate social skills and competencies, including communication, problem solving, decision making, self-management, and peer relations.

What Works Clearinghouse (February, 2013)

teaching social skills with intentionality
Teaching Social Skills with Intentionality
  • A systematic, intentional approach to teaching social emotional skills involves:
    • Teaching the skill or concept
    • Talking about examples and non-examples of the target skill
    • Supporting use of the target skill in naturally occurring contexts
    • Reviewing children’s use of skill.

Webster-Stratton (1999)

intentional
“Intentional”

An intentional instructor

  • has clearly defined learning goals for children,
  • thoughtfully chooses teaching strategies that will enable children to achieve these goals, and
  • continually assesses children’s progress and adjusts strategies to reach those goals.
  • Having their goals and plans in mind, intentional teachers are well prepared to tell others—parents, administrators, colleagues—about what they are doing. Not only do they know what to do, they also know why they are doing it and can describe that rationale.

Copple & Bredekamp (2006)

intentional instruction is planful purposeful and thoughtful about
Intentional instruction is planful, purposeful, and thoughtful about…
  • Creating a learning environment rich in materials, experiences and interactions
  • Encouraging children to explore materials, experiences, relationships and ideas
  • Conversing respectfully, reciprocally, and frequently with all children
  • Consciously promoting all areas of learning and development

Epstein (2007)

intentional instruction is planful purposeful and thoughtful about1
Intentional instruction is planful, purposeful, and thoughtful about…
  • Content (concepts, vocabulary, facts, skills) that make up each area of learning
  • General teaching strategies that are effective with young children
  • Specific teaching strategies that are effective in different content areas

Epstein (2007)

intentional teachers are planful purposeful and thoughtful about
Intentional teachers are planful, purposeful, and thoughtful about…
  • Matching content with children’s developmental and emerging abilities
  • Taking advantage of spontaneous, unexpected teaching and learning opportunities
  • Neither overestimating or underestimating what children can do and learn
  • Challenging children to question their own thinking and conclusions

Epstein (2007)

knowing what to teach resources
Knowing What to Teach: Resources
  • Curriculum Based Assessments
  • Social-Emotional Measures, Rating Scales, Checklists
  • Early Childhood Outcomes/Child Outcomes Summary Information
  • Early Learning Standards
  • Observations
  • Family Concerns, Priorities, and Interests
knowing what to teach priorities
Knowing What to Teach: Priorities

Being able to select appropriate learning goals for children from appropriate assessments involves sorting and prioritizing those skills and behaviors that

1) Can be addressed through development, play, maturation, and exposure/experience (All)

2) Are emerging: with practice and repetition they will improve in independence or fluency (Some)

3) Are unlikely to emerge without intensive instruction or individualized intervention and supports (Few)Grisham-Brown (2012)

social skills curricula
Social Skills Curricula
  • Resources Related to PBIS: Selected Titles from TASN-KITS Early Childhood Resource Center (handout)
  • TACSEI Roadmaps to Effective Intervention Practices (2009). Evidence Based Social Emotional Curricula and Intervention Packages for Children 0-5 Years and Their Families

Retrieved from http://www.challengingbehavior.org/do/resources/roadmap.html

social skills curricula1
Social Skills Curricula

From the “Sister Centers” promoting social-emotional development in early childhood:

  • Center on the Social and Emotional Foundations for Early Learning (CSEFEL) http://csefel.vanderbilt.edu/
  • Technical Assistance Center on Social Emotional Interventions (TACSEI) http://www.challengingbehavior.org/
  • Center on Early Childhood Mental Health Consultation (ECMHC) http://www.ecmhc.org/

Hemmeter, M.L., Ostrosky, M.M., & Corso, R. (2011)

social skills curricular materials
Social Skills Curricular Materials

Building relationships and creating nurturing environments

  • Tools for working on building relationships
  • Book list—focused on social emotional skills
  • Book nooks

http://csefel.vanderbilt.edu/resources/strategies.html

social skills curricular materials1
Social Skills Curricular Materials

Building relationships and creating nurturing environments

  • Family tools—making the most of playtime

http://csefel.vanderbilt.edu/resources/

family.html

  • Teacher tools
    • Classroom rules
    • Circle time tips

http://www.challengingbehavior.org/do/

resources/teaching_tools/ttyc_toc.htm

social skills curricular materials2
Social Skills Curricular Materials

Targeted social emotional supports

  • Scripted stories for social situations
  • Feelings charts
  • Emotions faces
  • Solutions kit
  • Problem-solving steps
  • Turtle technique

http://csefel.vanderbilt.edu/resources/strategies.html

  • Family tools--Teaching your child about feelings

http://csefel.vanderbilt.edu/resources/family.html

social skills curricular materials3
Social Skills Curricular Materials

Targeted social emotional supports

  • Buddy system tips—friendship building tools

http://challengingbehavior.org/do/resources/teaching_tools/toc/folder2/2a_buddy.pdf

  • Visual strategies—making a visual schedule

http://challengingbehavior.org/do/resources/teaching_tools/toc/folder5/5b_how_make_vis_sched.pdf

  • Everyday ideas for increasing children’s opportunities to practice social skills and emotional competencies

http://ecmhc.org/ideas/index.html

social skills curricular materials4
Social Skills Curricular Materials

Individualized Interventions

  • Observation cards
  • Functional assessment interview form

http://csefel.vanderbilt.edu/resources/strategies.html

  • Family tools—responding to your child’s bite

http://csefel.vanderbilt.edu/resources/family.html

  • Teacher support planning sheet

http://challengingbehavior.org/do/resources/teaching_tools/ttyc_toc.htm

  • Recognizing and addressing trauma in infants and young children

http://www.ecmhc.org/tutorials/trauma/index.html

the importance of explicit instruction of desired behaviors
The Importance of Explicit Instruction ofDesired Behaviors

Teaching social and emotional skills to young children who are at risk either because of biological and temperament factors or because of family disadvantage and stressful life factors can result in fewer aggressive responses, inclusion with prosocial peer groups, and more academic success. Because development of these social skills is not automatic, particularly for these higher risk children, more explicit and intentional teaching is needed.

Bredekamp& Copple (1997)

what is explicit instruction
What is Explicit Instruction?
  • I do it (modeling).
  • We do it (prompted or guided practice).
  • You do it (unprompted practice).

Archer and Hughes ( 2011)

elements of effective social skills instruction
Elements of Effective Social Skills Instruction
  • Using developmentally appropriate practices
  • Designing the environment to support
    • Developmental levels
    • Content areas
    • Teacher-child interactions
    • Peer interactions
  • Identifying evidence-based social-emotional

curricular materials

  • Intentionally infusing social skills instruction

across the day

  • Providing supplemental and intensive

supports for those children who need them

slide40
TPOT

The Teaching Pyramid Observation Tool for Preschool Classrooms (TPOT) is soon to be published by Brookes Publishing Co. Based on the Teaching Pyramid Model, it was developed and refined through years of research by faculty from the Center for the Social and Emotional Foundations of Early Learning (CSEFEL) and the Technical Assistance Center for Social and Emotional Interventions (TACSEI).

Send request for copy of TPOT research version to lisefox@usf.edu

slide41
TPOT

Examples of “Red Flags” from TPOT

  • Teacher-directed activities
  • Teacher talk to children primarily “no,” “stop,” “don’t”
  • Many children not engaged
  • Teachers not prepared for activities
  • Emotions never discussed or children reprimanded for expressing emotions
  • Interactions between children during play or activities rarely encouraged
  • Teacher only communicates with families when children have problems
slide42
TPOT

Intensive Individualized Intervention: A Few Children

Skills/behaviors are unlikely to emerge without intensive instruction or individualized intervention and supports

Targeted Social Skills Instruction: Some Children

Skills/behaviors are emerging: with practice and repetition they

will improve in independence or fluency

Universal Strategies: All Children

Skills/behaviors that can be addressed

through development, play, maturation, and exposure/experience

how did you do
How Did You Do?
  • Teachers identify ways to have conversations with children who are non-verbal, language-delayed, or have English as a second language. (ALL- Relationships)
  • Teachers provide support and special preparation for children who might need additional learning opportunities, adapted materials and activities, peer support, or more support to follow the routine, etc. (ALL -Environment)
  • Teachers use assessment to guide decisions about frequency, intensity, and impact of targeted instruction. (SOME – Targeted Social Skills Instruction)
  • Teachers partner with the family and other team members to participate in the development of a positive behavior support plan by providing functional assessment data to team members. (FEW – Intensive Individualized Intervention)
tpot universal practices
TPOT Universal Practices
  • Nurturing and Responsive Relationships
    • Supporting children’s play
    • Responding to child conversations
    • Supporting communication of children with special needs
    • Providing positive feedback and encouragement of appropriate behavior
    • Building relationships with children

Hemmeter, Fox, & Snyder (2008, Revised 2009)

tpot universal practices continued
TPOT Universal Practices, continued
  • High Quality Supportive Environments
    • Adequate Materials
    • Defined play centers
    • Balanced schedule (large and small group)
    • Structured transitions
    • Individualized instructions for children who need support
    • Small number of rules taught and promoted
    • Activities designed to engage children
    • Clear directions
tpot targeted practices
TPOT Targeted Practices
  • Targeted Social Emotional Supports
    • Teach children to identify and express emotions
    • Teach and support self-regulation
    • Teach and support strategies for handling anger and disappointment
    • Teach and support social problem solving
    • Teach and support cooperative responding
    • Teach and support friendship skills
    • Teach and support collaboration with peers
tpot targeted practices1
TPOT Targeted Practices
  • Targeted Social Emotional Supports
    • Explicit instruction
    • Increased opportunities for instruction, practice, feedback
    • Family partnerships
    • Progress monitoring and data-based decision-making
tpot intervention practices
TPOT Intervention Practices
  • Individualized Intensive Interventions
    • Convene team to develop interventions
    • Collect data to determine nature of problem behavior
    • Develop individualized behavior support strategies
    • Implement behavior support plan with consistency
    • Conduct ongoing monitoring of child progress
    • Revise plan as needed
    • Partner with families and colleagues in plan implementation
you want to be more intentional about teaching social emotional skills what s next
You Want to Be More Intentional About Teaching Social-Emotional Skills. What’s Next?

Planning and Implementation Tools Promoting:

  • High Quality Environments
  • Responsive Caregiving
  • Social Emotional Teaching Strategies
  • Individualized Interventions

http://www.challengingbehavior.org/communities/trainers_main.html

based on what you ve heard today
Based on What You’ve Heard Today

We hope you feel more confident in knowing:

  • What social-emotional skills to teach
  • How to teach them
  • How to meet the social-emotional needs

of individual children (all, some, and few)

based on what you ve heard today what do you want to know more about
Based on What You’ve Heard Today…What Do You Want to Know More About?
  • Developing nurturing and responsive relationships with all children?
  • Creating classroom environments that support the active engagement of all children?
  • Teaching social emotional skills intentionally to all children?
  • Targeting social emotional strategies for individual children who are at risk of challenging behavior?
  • Developing individualized behavior support plans for children who need them?
questions
Questions?

KSDE TASN http://www.ksdetasn.org

Phoebe Rinkel

prinkel@ku.edu

Misty Goosen

mgoosen@ku.edu

don t forget to complete the electronic sign in and webinar evaluation
Don’t Forget to Complete the Electronic Sign-In and Webinar Evaluation

Send and email message to Karen Lawson – klawson@ku.edu

include the following information for each participant:

  • Name
  • Position
  • Email address
  • USD Number

Electronic Evaluations – Yourfeedbackisimportanttous!

    • Session 1 Evaluation (11:30 a.m.) Survey: http://ddesurvey.com/tarequest/WorkshopSurvey.aspx?ID=1293
    • Session 2 Evaluation (4:00 p.m.) Survey: http://ddesurvey.com/tarequest/WorkshopSurvey.aspx?ID=1294
primary references
Primary References
  • Archer, A., & Hughes, C. (2011). Explicit instruction: Effective and efficient teaching. New York, NY: Guilford Press.
  • Dunlap, G., Strain, P. S., Fox, L., Carta, J., Conroy, M., Smith, B., et al. (2006). Prevention and intervention with young children’s challenging behavior: A summary of current knowledge. Behavioral Disorders, 32, 29-45. http://www.challengingbehavior.org/do/resources/documents/prevention_dunlap_11.06.pdf
  • Epstein, A. (2007). The intentional teacher: Choosing the best strategies for young children’s learning. Washington, DC: NAEYC.
  • Grisham-Brown, J. (2012) Using assessments for the purpose of program planning. Wichita, KS: KITS Summer Institute.
  • Hall, T. (2002). Explicit instruction: Effective classroom practices report. Wakefield, MA: National Center on Accessing the General Curriculum. Retrieved from http://aim.cast.org/learn/historyarchive/backgroundpapers/explicit_instruction
  • Hemmeter, M.L., Ostrosky, M.M., and Corso, R.M. (2012). Preventing and addressing challenging behavior: Common questions and practical strategies. Young Exceptional Children, 15:2, pp. 32-46.
  • Herner, T. (1998). NASDE Counterpoint, p. 2.
primary references1
Primary References
  • KSDE (August, 2012). Structuring Module 2 Behavior Kansas MTSS, pp. 1-6.
  • Raver, C. (2002). Emotions matter: Making the case for the role of young children’s emotional development for early school readiness. Social Policy Report of the Society for Research in Child Development, 16 (3), 1-20.
  • TACSEI-CELL (2012). Implementing Effective Practices to Support Young Children’s Social Emotional, Language, and Early Literacy: A Collaboration between TACSEI and CELL. University of South Florida: Technical Assistance Center on Social Emotional Intervention for Young Children, and Orlena Hawks Puckett Institute: Center for Early Literacy Learning. Retrieved from http://earlyliteracylearning.org/TACSEI_CELL/START_HERE.html
  • U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, What Works Clearinghouse. (2013, February). Early Childhood Interventions for Children with Disabilities intervention report: Social skills training. Retrieved from http://shatworks.ed.gov
  • Webster-Stratton, & Reid (2004). Infants and Young Children, 17:2, pp. 96-113.

Thanks to the CSEFEL, TACSEI , and ECO Centers for many of the child photos used in this presentation.

additional resources
Additional Resources
  • Center for Early Childhood Mental Health Consultants, Toolkits http://www.ecmhc.org/toolkits.html
  • CSEFEL Inventory of Practices for Promoting Children’s Social Emotional Competence

http://www.challengingbehavior.org/communities/coaches_docs/inventory_of_practices.pdf

  • CSEFEL/TACSEI Routine Based Support Guideshttp://www.challengingbehavior.org/communities/teachers.htm
  • TACSEI Recommended Practice Handoutshttp://www.challengingbehavior.org/do/resources/tacsei_resources_all.htm
  • TACSEI Roadmaps to Effective Intervention Practices (2009)
    • Evidence Based Social Emotional Curricula and Intervention Packages for Children 0-5 Years and Their Families
    • Promoting Social Behavior of Young Children in Group Settings: A Summary of Research
    • Screening for Social Emotional Concerns: Considerations in the Selection of Instruments

Retrieved from http://www.challengingbehavior.org/do/resources/roadmap.html

some kansas organizations supporting social emotional development in young children
Some Kansas Organizations Supporting Social-Emotional Development in Young Children
  • Child and Youth Training and Technical Assistance Project (CYTTAP) angie@ks.childcareaware.org
  • Kansas Association for Infant and Early Childhood Mental Health (KAIMH) shana@kaimh.org
  • Kansas Child Care Training Opportunities (KCCTO) www.kccto.org
  • Kansas Early Childhood Mental Health Advisory Council ccain@ku.edu
  • Kansas Pyramid Collaborative marci@dccda.org
  • Kansas MTSS www.kansasmtss.org
  • TASN Autism and Tertiary Behavior Supports Project www.ksdetasn.org or www.kansasasd.com
  • TASN KITS Project www.ksdetasn.org or www.kskits.org
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