Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author. While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
Racing Rules of Sailing Start to know them Ralph Stanford Woollahra Sailing Club
Too much to learn! • 20 definitions • rules 1 to 91 • 7 parts • 15 appendices • revised every 4 years!
Bare essentials • 8 definitions • 23 rules • current issue good for another 2 years! • 2013 - 2016
International Sailing Federation (ISAF) • World governing body for sailing • Recognised by IOC • 1907 - International Yacht Racing Union • 1960 - truly universal racing rules of sailing • 139 member nations • Yachting Australia • 108 international class associations • Mirror Class
RRS structure • Definitions 8 • Part 1 – Fundamental Rules 1 • Part 2 – When Boats Meet 15 • Part 3 – Conduct of a Race 5 • Part 4 – Other Requirements When Racing 2 • Part 5 – Protests etc 1 • Part 6 – Entry and Qualification 0 • Part 7 – Race Organisation 0
Definitions This is not all of them – look them up!
Racing Warning signal AND Finished Cleared finish line in either direction
Still racing after finishing Protest!
Clear astern – Clear ahead Clear astern Clear ahead
Overlapped • Issues: • Always buoy room, rule 18 • Does not apply close hauled on opposite tacks • Does apply down-wind Overlapped Overlapped Overlapped
Overlapped – boat between Overlapped Overlapped
Not overlapped – boat not between Clear astern Clear ahead
Overlapped – downwind Overlapped Overlapped
Keep clear Red did not bear away sufficiently and green (right of way under Rule 10) had to luff to avoid contact.
Keep clear - overlapped Blue has right of way over orange (Rule 11) and orange did not allow blue sufficient room to change course in either direction
Proper course • The fastest course • Not the shortest course • No proper course before the start
Part 1 Fundamental Rules Life saving equipment Fair sailing Acceptance of the Rules Decision to Race Anti-doping WADA
Part 2 When boats meet Critical We will do all of this section
Part 2 – When boats meet • Section A (Rules 10 – 13) • Right of way • Section B (Rules 14 – 17) • General Limitations • Section C (Rules 18 – 21) • At Marks and Obstructions • Section D (Rules 22 – 24) • Other Rules
Section A Right of Way 10 – Port and Starboard 11 – Windward boat keeps clear 12 – Keep clear from astern 13 – No rights whilst tacking
What is this section about? • Establishes right of way • Everyone knows where they stand • Not a ‘free-for-all’
Rule 10 On opposite tacks: When boats are on opposite tacks, a port-tack boat shall keep clear of a starboard-tack boat. No requirement to call ‘starboard’.
Rule 10 Issue: Keep your eyes open!
Rule 11 On the same tack, overlapped: When boats are on the same tack and overlapped, a windward boat shall keep clear of a leeward boat. Windward boat Keeps clear • Issue: • Luffing
Rule 12 On the same tack, not overlapped: When boats are on the same tack and not overlapped, a boat clear astern shall keep clear of a boat clear ahead. Clear astern keeps clear ‘Overtaking boat keeps clear’
Rule 13 Whilst tacking: After a boat passes head to wind, she shall keep clear of other boats until she is on a close-hauled course. Rules 10, 11 and 12 don’t apply. “Don’t tack in my water!!”
Section B General Limitations 14 – Avoid contact 15 – Acquiring right of way, initially give room 16 – Changing course 17 – Same tack, sailing above proper course
What is this section about? • Trying to prevent water borne carnage • Marine dodgem cars • Softens the impact of right of way • More enjoyable racing • Protection of investment by sailors
Rule 14 Avoid contact: A boat shall avoid contact with another boat if reasonably possible. Best to take avoiding action and protest the boat that got in the way
Rule 15 Acquiring right of way: When a boat acquires right of way, she shall initially give the other boat room to keep clear, …..
Rule 16 Changing course: When a right of way boat changes course, she shall give the other boat room to keep clear. Green bore away at the last moment and red was unable to keep clear
On the same tack; proper course: If a boat clear astern becomes overlapped within two of her hull lengths to leeward of a boat on the same tack, she shall not sail above her proper course……. Rule 17 Proper course
Section C At Marks and Obstructions 18 – Mark-room 19 – Room to Pass an Obstruction 20 – Room to Tack at an Obstruction 21 – Exoneration
What is this section about? • No traffic lights on the water • Like a roundabout • Everyone can keep moving if they obey the rules
Rule 18 Mark-room: Applies to two boats required to leave a mark on the same side and at least one of them is in the zone.
Giving mark-room: • Overlap is established when the first boat enters the zone. • The boat ‘outside and overlapped’ or ‘clear astern’ shall give room. Rule 18 Orange is overlapped by blue and gives mark-room to blue, even if the overlap is later broken. Black is clear astern of orange and gives mark-room to orange, even if an overlap is later established.
Rule 18 • Does not apply at: • Start marks • Between boats on opposite tacks whilst beating to windward Start ‘At the windward mark on opposite tacks, take the bouy away.’ “No room at the start”
Rule 18 • Giving mark-room: • If an outside overlapped boat is unable to give room, she is not required to give it. Red is not going to be able to give orange mark-room.
Rule 18 An inside overlapped boat should gybe no later than necessary to round the mark. Red must gybe.
Room to pass an obstruction: • Applies between two boats at an obstruction • Right of way boat chooses which side to go • When overlapped, the outside boat gives room Rule 19 Red could pass to windward or leeward as right of way boat (Rule 11), but has to give black room when passing to leeward of the obstruction because of the overlap. No zone, just ‘at’.
Rule 19 • Room to pass at an obstruction: • No right to push in at a continuing obstruction.
Rule 20 Room to tack at an obstruction: When approaching an obstruction, a boat may hail for room to tack and avoid a boat on the same tack. “You tack” “Room to tack”
Rule 21 • A boat may be exonerated if she has right of way under Section c, but is compelled to break: • Any rule of Section A (Rules 10 to 13) • Rule 15 (acquiring right of way, give room) • Rule 16 (changing course, give room to keep clear) • Rule 31 (touching a mark)
Section D Other rules 22 – Starting errors; Taking penalties; Moving astern 23 – Capsized; Anchored or aground; Rescuing 24 – Interfering with another boat