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CHAPTER 10 Racial and Ethnic Relations. Section 1: Race, Ethnicity, and the Social Structure Section 2: Pattern of Intergroup Relations Section 3: Minority Groups in the United States. Section 1: Race, Ethnicity, and the Social Structure. Objectives:.

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chapter 10 racial and ethnic relations

CHAPTER 10Racial and Ethnic Relations

Section 1: Race, Ethnicity, and the Social Structure

Section 2: Pattern of Intergroup Relations

Section 3: Minority Groups in the United States

objectives

Section 1: Race, Ethnicity, and the Social Structure

Objectives:
  • Summarize how sociologists define the terms race, ethnicity, and minority group.
  • Identify the characteristics that distinguish minority groups from one another.
race ethnicity and minority group

Section 1: Race, Ethnicity, and the Social Structure

Race, Ethnicity, and Minority Group
  • Race – a category of people who share inherited physical characteristics and who others see as being a distinct group.
  • Ethnicity – the set of cultural characteristics that distinguishes one group from another.
  • Minority Group – a group of people who, because of their physical characteristics or cultural practices, are singled out and unequally treated.
characteristics that distinguish minority groups

Section 1: Race, Ethnicity, and the Social Structure

Characteristics ThatDistinguish Minority Groups
  • Identifiable physical or cultural characteristics
  • Victims of unequal treatment
  • Group membership is an ascribed status
  • Members share strong bonds and a sense of loyalty
  • Members tend to practice endogamy – marriage within the group
objectives1

Section 2: Pattern of Intergroup Relations

Objectives:
  • Distinguish between discrimination and prejudice.
  • Describe the most common patterns of minority-group treatment.
discrimination vs prejudice

Section 2: Pattern of Intergroup Relations

Discrimination vs. Prejudice
  • Prejudice – unsupported generalization about a category of people; involves attitudes and can be positive
  • Discrimination – denial of equal treatment based on group membership; involves behaviors
common patterns of minority group treatment

Section 2: Pattern of Intergroup Relations

Common Patterns of Minority-Group Treatment
  • Cultural Pluralism – allows each group within society to keep its unique cultural identity
  • Assimilation – blending of culturally distinct groups into a single group with a common culture and identity
  • Legal Protection – legal efforts to ensure the rights of minority groups
  • Segregation – practices that physically separate a minority group from the dominant group
common patterns of minority group treatment1

Section 2: Pattern of Intergroup Relations

Common Patterns of Minority-Group Treatment

(continued)

  • Subjugation – the maintaining of control over a group through force
  • Population Transfer – transferring a minority population to a new area
  • Extermination – intentional destruction of the entire targeted population known as genocide
objectives2

Section 3: Minority Groups in the United States

Objectives:
  • Describe the conditions under which minority groups in the United States live.
  • Explain how government policies have affected the lives of minority groups in the United States.
living conditions of minorities

Section 3: Minority Groups in the United States

Living Conditions of Minorities
  • African Americans – making gains toward equality, but statistics show members are lagging in education, employment, and income; becoming more politically active
  • Hispanics – rapidly growing population; lagging in income and education; diverse population
living conditions of minorities1

Section 3: Minority Groups in the United States

Living Conditions of Minorities

(continued)

  • Asian Americans – contrast between first-generation immigrants, who are often poor, and second-generation, many of whom succeed educationally and financially; viewed as a “model minority,” although this term is resented
living conditions of minorities2

Section 3: Minority Groups in the United States

Living Conditions of Minorities

(continued)

  • American Indians – often live on reservations; high poverty and poor education; encouraged to assimilate; taking steps to establish sources of income and better schools
  • White Ethnics – includes some who assimilate quickly and others who remain victims of prejudice and discrimination; making gains in religious tolerance; good education level
government policies towards minorities

Section 3: Minority Groups in the United States

Government Policies Towards Minorities
  • Government policies have both helped and hindered minorities.
  • For example: In the past, de jure segregation hurt African Americans. The Civil Rights Act of 1964 forbade racial discrimination