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The Danish Veterinary and Food Administration Control Systems Tina Lundsgaard Falk Veterinary Officer, Control Coordination Division. Content of presentation. Organisation Mission, Vision and principles for Official Food Control Food and feed control Veterinary inspections

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    1. The Danish Veterinary and Food AdministrationControl SystemsTina Lundsgaard FalkVeterinary Officer, Control Coordination Division

    2. Content of presentation • Organisation • Mission, Vision and principles for Official Food Control • Food and feed control • Veterinary inspections • Quality management Danish Veterinary and Food Administration, Control System

    3. Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Fisheries Minister Department The Danish Veterinary and Food Administration The Danish AgriFish Agency Feed, Food, Animal welfare and Animal Health Agriculture, Fishery, part of animal welfare Danish Veterinary and Food Administration, Control System 3

    4. And… Danish Ministry of the Environment Pesticides, GMO etc. Ministry of Health Medicated feed Ministry of Justice Animal welfare (roadside inspections) Danish Veterinary and Food Administration, Control System 4

    5. Mission and vision for the DVFA Mission To promote safety, health and growth from stable to table Vision Based on a committed staff and dialogue with the surrounding world the DVFA shall work for: Healthy eating habits Reduction of human incidents of food related diseases Improved animal health and welfare Improved possibilities for producing, trading and consuming foods Danish Veterinary and Food Administration, Control System 5

    6. General principles 1 The control must be fair, risk based and preventive The planning must be based on the knowledge of what is effective, where the problems are biggest and where the consequences of non-compliances are most serious Danish Veterinary and Food Administration, Control System 6

    7. General principles 2 Primary producers and companies bear the responsibility Companies must be authorised or registered Document its own reliability Analytical control Danish Veterinary and Food Administration, Control System 7

    8. Food and feed control Feed control was included in DVFA October 2011 The feed control principles are generally the same as for food control, the control procedures will be harmonized where relevant Danish Veterinary and Food Administration, Control System 8

    9. Food Control in numbers - 2011 Food establishments 5.750 wholesalers 48.600 retailers 76.800 food inspections 70.000 samples for laboratory analysis Danish Veterinary and Food Administration, Control System 9

    10. Food control activities 1 Basic Ordinary inspections according to fixed frequencies Prioritized inspections Extra Extra inspections after inspections with remarks Danish Veterinary and Food Administration, Control System 10

    11. Food control activities 2 Additional Inspections in relation to approval Inspections of certain areas e.g. AM/PM inspections at slaughterhouses and when export to third countries Inspection campaigns Sampling and analyses (laboratory projects) supplement Danish Veterinary and Food Administration, Control System 11

    12. Risk evaluation All food sectors are placed in one of 5 risk groups, based on seven risk factors and a correction factor Each risk group has a standard inspection frequency Danish Veterinary and Food Administration, Control System 12

    13. Risk factors 3 Microbiological risks Type of food and use by the consumer Type of product / handling of product Processes reducing microbiological risk Specific risk (meat wholesale establishments) 2 Chemical risks Primary production Processing Consumer base Correction factor (seasonal, good compliance) Danish Veterinary and Food Administration, Control System 13

    14. Standard inspection frequencies 2012 Danish Veterinary and Food Administration, Control System 14

    15. Need evaluation Establishments with good inspection records can become elite establishments (except risk group very low) Elite establishments in sectors with at least 1 ordinary inspection pr. year get a reduced inspection frequency Establishments getting sanctions will receive extra inspections (follow-up) as a supplement to the ordinary inspections Danish Veterinary and Food Administration, Control System 15

    16. Inspection results and sanctions 1 No sanctions Enjoining order Injunction or prohibition order 4 Company fined, reported to police or approval withdrawn Danish Veterinary and Food Administration, Control System 16

    17. Elite status 4 inspection reports without sanctions and All inspection reports for the last 12 months without sanctions Danish Veterinary and Food Administration, Control System 17

    18. Elite inspection frequencies 2012 Danish Veterinary and Food Administration, Control System 18

    19. Inspection campaigns Centrally Coordinated Risk at specific areas spotted by DVFA-inspectors or other The Risk Analytical Team evaluate risk and make a prioritized plan Deputy director and heads of relevant divisions decide Some of the campaigns include sampling In 2011 22 campaigns, in 2012 17 are planned Danish Veterinary and Food Administration, Control System 19

    20. Laboratory projects Obligatory projects and projects relevant for control and surveillance identified by DVFA divisions and laboratories The deputy director and heads of relevant divisions decide the plan for non-obligatory projects Some of the laboratory projects are part of inspection campaigns In 2011 60,000 samples were collected as part of projects Further 10,000 samples were collected on suspicion or as a part of targeted local control Danish Veterinary and Food Administration, Control System 20

    21. Planning of inspections at food establishments 12 areas of legislation All relevant areas of legislation must be inspected during a period • Hygiene (3 sub-areas) • Own-check system • Publication of inspection report • Education • Labelling and information • Approvals etc. • Special labelling and ID requirements • Food standards • Additives etc. • Chemical contaminants, • Packaging etc. • Other. Danish Veterinary and Food Administration, Control System 21

    22. Planning of ordinary inspections of wholesalers All relevant areas of legislation must be inspected every year (except when standard frequency 0,5 per year and in elite establishments) At every ordinary inspection hygiene is checked At least every year the risk analysis, the HACCP plan and a representative number of critical control points are checked (same exception as above) Requirements from third countries are inspected when relevant in relation to export Danish Veterinary and Food Administration, Control System 22

    23. Veterinary inspections At livestock holdings, slaughterhouses etc. Animal health Animal welfare Food Safety (e.g. use of medicine and zoonoses) Danish Veterinary and Food Administration, Control System 23

    24. Number of livestock holdings etc. – 2011 25.000 livestock holdings with at least 10 animals 30 assembly centres 300 animal by-product facilities 1600 transporters of live animals 400 veterinary practitioners with many big livestock holding clients Danish Veterinary and Food Administration, Control System 24

    25. Animal health 1 Surveillance of live and slaughtered animals. Farmers and private veterinarians must notify suspicion of notifiable animal diseases. Official veterinarians check animals at assembly centers, farms, slaughterhouses, animal by-product facilities, etc. Contingency plans in action when suspicion or diagnosis of notifiable animal disease Inspection of identification and registration of cattle, sheep and goat herds is done by the Danish AgriFish Agency Inspection of identification of pigs (in slaughterhouses and assembly centres by DVFA in livestock holdings by DAFA,) Danish Veterinary and Food Administration, Control System 25

    26. Animal welfare (1) Annually 5 % of the livestock holdings with at least 10 animals – screening (inspected by the Danish AgriFish Agency) An official veterinarian from the Danish Veterinary and Food Administration is called if veterinarian expertise is needed At arrival at assembly centres and slaughterhouses Check of transporters of live animals Danish Veterinary and Food Administration, Control System 26

    27. Animal welfare (2) The 5 % livestock holdings to be inspected are chosen partly on the basis of risk parameters and partly at random. Examples of risk parameters: Size of herd Type of animals Non compliances in other legislation The Veterinary Task Force Carries out inspection campaigns Inspects annually 200 veterinarian practitioners. Focus on their audit of animal welfare in livestock holdings Danish Veterinary and Food Administration, Control System 27

    28. Use of veterinary medicine Annually 200 livestock holdings are inspected with a special focus on use of medicine (risk based selection) “Yellow card” is given to pig farms with high consumption of antibiotics Sampling for residues in milk and meat The Veterinary Task Force Carries out inspection campaigns Inspects annually 200 private veterinarians. Focus on the ordination of veterinary medicine to livestock holdings Danish Veterinary and Food Administration, Control System 28

    29. Animal By-Products Inspections at Animal by-product facilities Biogas facilities Collections centres and storage facilities Danish Veterinary and Food Administration, Control System 29

    30. Cross-Compliance 121 requirements in 2012, including 77 veterinary requirements Control rate is min. 1 % beneficiaries each year, mainly controlled within the existing control schemes Examples of veterinary risk parameters: Size of herd Type of animals Non compliances the previous years Danish Veterinary and Food Administration, Control System 30

    31. Quality management Supervision of control authorities Good guidelines, meetings, intranet etc. Quality supervision of inspectors Control of requirements mentioned in results contracts Inspection principles and values Development of competences Danish Veterinary and Food Administration, Control System 31

    32. 10 Inspection Values Examples: We make priorities for our working hours and we look systematically for the most serious sources or risks We follow the procedures and follow up on our mistakes We show respect, are polite and act correctly Danish Veterinary and Food Administration, Control System 32

    33. Inspectors – recruitment and training Qualification level Generally decided at local level Legal requirements concerning meat inspection (veterinarians, auxiliaries) and issuing of some certificates Annual personal development talks Quality supervision by a superior General courses and special courses Experience groups – meetings, dialog Danish Veterinary and Food Administration, Control System 33

    34. Quality supervision of inspectors An inspector is followed on inspections by a superior (app. ½ day) It is checked whether the inspections in practice live up to the quality requirements Discussion and evaluation afterwards Agreed conclusion concerning improvement of skills etc. Every year 50 % of the inspectors are supervised Inspectors needing supervision is supervised but All inspectors at least every 3 years New inspectors within the first year Danish Veterinary and Food Administration, Control System 34

    35. Supervision of control authorities DVFA supervision unit supervises the food control offices, veterinary control offices and the meat inspection Check that they manage their field of responsibility satisfactorily Improves uniformity and effectiveness From spring 2011 DVFA also supervises inspections at establishment level The unit checks that recommendations are followed Danish Veterinary and Food Administration, Control System 35