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Availability of water management data and information in the context of the European principles and directives. Content of presentation. Aarhus Convention European water directives International cooperation Official and inofficial information transfer. Aarhus Convention.
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Availability of water management data and information in the context of the European principles and directives
Content of presentation • Aarhus Convention • European water directives • International cooperation • Official and inofficial information transfer
AarhusConvention • UNECE (United Nations Economic Commission for Europe) • Adopted on 25th June 1998 in the Danish city of Aarhus • Entry into force: 30 October 2001 • Ratification by the European Union: 18 May 2005 Council Decision 2005/370/EC Convention on Access to Information, Public Participation in Decision-making and Access to Justice in Environmental Matters
AarhusConvention • Three broad themes or “pillars” • access to information • public participation • access to justice • Objective • In order to contribute to the protection of the right of every person of present and future generations to live in an environment adequate to his or her health and well-being, each Party shall guarantee the rights of access to information, public participation in decision-making, and access to justice in environmental matters in accordance with the provisions of this Convention.
AarhusConvention • The Convention • Links environmental rights and human rights • Acknowledges that we owe an obligation to future generations • Establishes that sustainable development can be achieved only through the involvement of all stakeholders • Links government accountability and environmental protection • Focuses on interactions between the public and public authorities in a democratic context
Water Framework Directive Entered into force:22 December 2000 Directive 2000/60/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing a framework for the Community action in the field of water policy Flood Risk Directive Entered into force:26 November 2007 Directive 2007/60/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on the assessment and management of flood risks European water directives
vizeink.hu • Official webpage of the Hungarian river basin management planning • All information about the 1st River Basin Management Plan of Hungary • Available for the public • Allows direct communication • Aarhus Convention access to information & public participation
International cooperation for solving cross-border problems • Hungary is located in the middle of the Danube catchment area Many problems can only be solved with the cooperation of the countries located on the catchment area • Commonly elaborated River basin management plan for the Danube catchment area • Bilateral cooperation (coordination: Bilateral committees on transboundary waters)
Information flow between neighbouring countries • Official • Inofficial
Official information transfer • Regulated, formal transmission of information • Eg.: Kosice Bratislava Budapest Miskolc • Could cause serious delay in the information flow and the necessary intervention • Water Framework Directive & Flood Risk Directive • Importance of communication increased • The Directives defined planning tasks need for constant coordination between the countries • Important part of planning: cognition of basic design data Inofficial information flow is also necessary
Inofficial information transfer • Unregulated, informal, professional information transfer, based on personal relationships • Parallel to official information flow • Especially inportant in case of extraordinary incidents and emergency • Becomes more and more important • Crossborder projects play an important role • Principle: nothing is secret amongst the countries what is public within the countries