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Renaissance and Baroque Architecture. Architectural History ACT 322 Doris Kemp. Topics. The Spread of Baroque Architecture The Baroque of Central Europe The Baroque of France. The Spread of Baroque Architecture. Guarino Guarini (1624 – 1683)

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renaissance and baroque architecture

Renaissance and Baroque Architecture

Architectural History

ACT 322

Doris Kemp

topics
Topics
  • The Spread of Baroque Architecture
  • The Baroque of Central Europe
  • The Baroque of France
the spread of baroque architecture
The Spread of Baroque Architecture
  • Guarino Guarini (1624 – 1683)
    • A designer whose buildings in Turin represented the northern extension of Baroque Rome
    • Important structures and work
      • Chapel of the Holy Shroud, Turin
      • S. Lorenzo Turin
the spread of baroque architecture1
The Spread of Baroque Architecture
  • Chapel of the Holy Shroud, Turin
    • Added to the east end of the Cathedral of Turin
    • Built to house the Shroud of Turin
      • Some believe this to be the shroud of Christ
    • Circular plan
the spread of baroque architecture2
The Spread of Baroque Architecture

http://www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wdpt1.html

the spread of baroque architecture3
The Spread of Baroque Architecture
  • S. Lorenzo, Turin
    • Very geometrically complex structure
      • Squares, octagons, a Greek cross, and circles are involved along with ovals
    • The dome is not a solid structure but more of a series of ribbed structure with eight-interlacing arches
the spread of baroque architecture4
The Spread of Baroque Architecture

http://www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wdpt1.html

the spread of baroque architecture5
The Spread of Baroque Architecture

http://www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wdpt1.html

the baroque of central europe
The Baroque of Central Europe
  • The artistic ideals of Baroque Italy soon spread north and eastward through Switzerland, Austria, and southern Germany
    • Italian influences merged with local tastes and traditions to create a version of Baroque unique to central Europe
  • Important structures
    • Abbey Church, Melk, Austria
    • Abbey Church, St. Gallen
    • Wurzburg Residenz, Germany
the baroque of central europe1
The Baroque of Central Europe
  • Abbey Church, Melk, Austria
    • Set atop a rocky ridge rising 200-ft. above the Danube River
    • A monastery whose buildings are set in a horseshoe plan
    • Features stunning depictions of the heavens in its décor and sculpture
the baroque of central europe2
The Baroque of Central Europe

http://www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wdpt1.html

the baroque of central europe3
The Baroque of Central Europe

http://www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wdpt1.html

the baroque of central europe4
The Baroque of Central Europe
  • Abbey Church, St. Gallen
    • Features a rotunda space inserted into a longitudinal basilica
      • Accommodated the needs of pilgrims while still reserving the choir for monastic practices
    • The present day church still preserves the double-ended apse of the original basilica
the baroque of central europe5
The Baroque of Central Europe

http://www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wdpt1.html

the baroque of central europe6
The Baroque of Central Europe
  • Wurzburg Residenz, Germany
    • The grandest of the Baroque residences
    • Designed by johann Balthasar Neumann (1687 – 1753)
      • Generally regarded as the master of the German Baroque
    • Symmetrically disposed around a deep entrance court, with four interior courts dividing the side wings
the baroque of central europe7
The Baroque of Central Europe

http://www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wdpt1.html

the baroque of central europe8
The Baroque of Central Europe

http://www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wdpt1.html

the baroque of france
The Baroque of France
  • The French embraced Italian Baroque but infused their own culture into the style
    • Muted the most elaborate excesses of the Roman Baroque
    • Wanted a more classical, refined style
  • Key structures
    • Le Vau, Lebrun, and Le Notre Chateau
    • Le Vau, Le Notre, and Mansart Palace, Versailles
the baroque of france1
The Baroque of France
  • Le Vau, Lebrun, and Le Notre Chateau
    • A grand chataeu designed by a trio of people
      • Le Vau, architect
      • Charles Lebrun, painter
      • Andre Le Notre, landscaper
    • Built for Nicolas Fouquet
      • Attorney general for Louis XIV
      • Was imprisoned three weeks after showing his home by the jealous Louis XIV
the baroque of france2
The Baroque of France

http://www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wdpt1.html

the baroque of france3
The Baroque of France

http://www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wdpt1.html

the baroque of france4
The Baroque of France
  • Le Vau, Le Notre, and Mansart Palace, Versailles
    • The main palace of royalty in France
    • Designed by a trio of people
      • Le Vau, architect
      • Le Notre, landscaper
      • Mansart, oversaw the project
the baroque of france5
The Baroque of France

http://www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wdpt1.html

the baroque of france6
The Baroque of France

http://www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wdpt1.html

the baroque of france7
The Baroque of France

http://www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wdpt1.html

the baroque of france8
The Baroque of France

http://www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wdpt1.html

references
References
  • Sullivan, Mary; http://www.bluffton.edu/~sullivanm/
  • http://www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wdpt1.html
  • Trachtenburg/Hyman; Architecture: From Prehistory to Postmodernity
  • Wodehouse/Moffett; A History of Western Architecture
renaissance and baroque architecture1

Renaissance and Baroque Architecture

Architectural History

ACT 322

Doris Kemp