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Chapter 16: Renaissance & Baroque Europe. Miss McAlpine Week 6. What are we doing?. Syllabus updated Head count for Warhol Review previous material Introduce Renaissance. Comparison. Greeks  focused on idealized physical form Romans  emphasized physical accuracy

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what are we doing
What are we doing?
  • Syllabus updated
  • Head count for Warhol
  • Review previous material
  • Introduce Renaissance
comparison
Comparison
  • Greeks  focused on idealized physical form
  • Romans  emphasized physical accuracy
  • Middle Ages  focused on spiritual concerns rather than physical existence
  • Renaissance  portrayed Christian subjects in human terms
renaissance
Renaissance
  • Shift in attitude from religious dedication of the Middle Ages to the new philosophical, literary, and artistic movement – called humanism
  • Shift from God and the hereafter to humankind and the here and now
  • Renaissance = rebirth
the renaissance in italy1
The Renaissance in Italy
  • Italy was the principle homeland of the Renaissance
  • Artists sought to integrate Christian spiritual traditions with rational ordering of physical life
  • Began intense study of anatomy and light
  • Linear perspective – based on the fact that parallel lines or edges appear to converge and objects appear smaller as the distance between them and the viewer increases
donatello
Donatello
  • Brought Greek ideal of human into Christian context
  • Works:
    • “David”
    • “Mary Magdalene”
medici family
Medici Family
  • Dominated the life of Florence and Tuscany with great political skill and certain wealthiness
  • It is thought that “David” was commissioned for this family
  • Commissioned “Birth of Venus”
the high renaissance1
The High Renaissance
  • 1490-1530
  • Reached peak of accomplishments in Florence, Rome and Venice
  • Developed style of art that was calm, balanced, and idealized
  • Christian theology + Greek philosophy + science of the day
leonardo da vinci
Leonardo da Vinci
  • Motivated by strong curiosity and belief in the human ability to understand the physical world
  • Believed art and science came to the same end – knowledge
  • Kept many journals
    • “Babe in Womb”
  • “Mona Lisa”
  • “The Last Supper”
michelangelo buonarroti
Michelangelo Buonarroti
  • Works of art:
    • “David”
    • “The Sistine Chapel”
raphael
Raphael
  • Warmth and gentleness in contrast to Leonardo’s Solitary
  • Most expressive is the clarity and balance, which marked the art of the period
  • Paintings present his awareness of the divine in humans
pope leo x
Pope Leo X
  • Medici ascendant
  • Wanted to illustrate important events in the “Acts of the Apostles”

“Paul Preaching at Athens” by Raphael

the renaissance in northern europe
The Renaissance in Northern Europe
  • Interest in realism arose in Northern Europe
  • Artists to look at:
    • Jan van Eyck
    • Albrecht Durer
    • Lindbourg Brothers
jan van eyck
Jan van eyck
  • Leading painter in Flanders (present day Belgium)
  • One of the first to use Oil paints
  • Painted detail, illusion of depth, directional light, mass, rich textures
slide34

“Les Tres Riches Heues du Duc de Berry”

From “The Book of Hours”

By

The Limbourg Brothers

late renaissance in italy1
Late Renaissance in Italy
  • Later in 16th cent. Architects made a deliberate effort to rethink and extend classical rules
baroque

Baroque

1600-1700

baroque1
Baroque
  • Dramatic use of light, scale and composition
  • Art often appeals to emotion first
  • Foreshortening