What is obesity? • BMI (body mass index—measure body weight and height) score is 30-40 • Over 40 is morbidly obese • Weight Gain = more calories are consumed than burned • 20% or more over your ideal, healthy body weight
Obesity Facts Becoming an increasingly common topic…those affected have doubled & tripled in the last 20 years. Effects 2/3’s of Americans 400,000 deaths per year 1 in 4 children are overweight and at risk Crosses all races, genders, income levels and age groups Which country do you think has the highest percent of obesity?
#1. Mexico 32.8% #2. USA 31.8%
Obesity Statistics In 2012 35.7% (1/3) of U.S. Adults were obese. In 2010, 18% of U.S. children and adolescents were obese. In 2009-2010, over 78 million U.S. adults and about 12.5 million U.S. children and adolescents were obese. 16-18 % of elementary school children are joining the ranks of being overweight or seriously overweight.
More Stats 60% of overweight children have at least one additional cardiovascular disease risk factor, and 25 % have two or more heart-related risk factors. Heart disease and related diabetes will shorten children’s lives by 20-30 years if the epidemic is not stopped. In 2004 it was estimated that American children may be the first generation to live shorter lives than their parents
Percent of Obese in U.S. Adults2010 Lowest state: Colorado 21% Highest State: Mississippi 34%
Percent of Obese in U.S. Adults2012 Lowest State: Colorado 20.5% Highest State: Louisiana 34.7%
Percentage of Obese High School Students 2011 Lowest: Colorado 7% Highest: Alabama, Kentucky & Oklahoma 17%
Health Concerns #1 Chronic illness in America In most cases—completely preventable Increasing at the rate of an infectious disease 25% of obese people are completely sedentary (non- moving) 9% of all medical spending goes to treat obesity related issues
Diseases & Disorders • Obesity increases the chances for… -diabetes -cardiovascular disease -fatty liver disease -coronary heart disease -stroke -congestive heart failure -and more
Genetics Genes controlling appetite & metabolism enhance chances More genes being discovered that increase obesity chances Genetic factors play a role but to fully develop a lot of caloric intake must occur
Environmental Factors • Average caloric intake has increased significantly -readily available foods (fast food and junk foods) -buying foods in bulk -healthier foods are more expensive than fast food • Lack of physical activity ( 1 in 4 get none) -increase in technology -long work hours -less manual labor -no desire
Treatment For those who are overweight: -control appetite -eat healthier foods -increase activity level For those who are obese: -all of the above -medication to control hunger/absorb fat -weight loss surgery (gastric bypass)
Overview Obesity is a growing concern Both genetic & environmental factors cause it All negative health effects USA has largest population of obese people Childhood obesity is on the rise It is important to live a healthy lifestyle for yourself and your body
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KswWfq2drCM&feature=g-crec-a&list=PL63352C0D19E7EDCChttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KswWfq2drCM&feature=g-crec-a&list=PL63352C0D19E7EDCC The most effective way to treat obesity is to live a healthy lifestyle.