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Organizational design for clear roles and responsibilities. RAVIC Analysis. NOTE:
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RAVIC analysis is used to delineate decision-making roles within a team or an organization. For each decision, it clarifies who is:
R – Responsible
A – Accountable
V – Veto authority
I – Informed
C – Consulted
The RAVIC analysis helps develop a tailored accountability framework that a UNCT could use to agree how joint activities should be managed, including stakeholder management.
Take the example where the UN plans to engage in a major joint programme to enhance the living situation for people living with HIV and AIDS. The communications group would prepare the communication strategy around this event, yet the cluster on HIV and AIDS has to be involved in the process as well:
Explanation for role allocation on next slide
In the UNDAF framework, UNDAF outcomes that share a common theme (e.g. Health of Governance) are grouped in clusters. Each cluster has various roles associated with it, such as the cluster leader, outcome leaders and outcome team members
It is recommended that the RAVIC analysis is tailored for targeted areas, and not necessarily mapped out in an exhaustive manner for all decisions at all levels of an organization. For a UNCT, the following steps may be helpful:
What is the difference between Responsibility and Accountability?
These terms are often confused and used in a mixed fashion. The role that takes the responsibility will take the decision and has the authority to do so. The role that is held Accountable might not make the decision, but will be held accountable for it (often a senior role). An example for the UN System would be a Programme Officer who is responsible for making decisions on certain expenditures. However, the accountability for these decisions will in the end be with the Head of the Agency.
Vertical Analysis: Evaluate the designated activities in the decision making process for a specific role
Horizontal Analysis: Evaluate the designated activities across multiple roles for a single decision / process