Election Year 2012. Federally Mandated Constitution Day Lesson of Joy!. Who can vote in PA?. You must be at least 18. You have to register to vote. Only have to register once unless you move or want to change political parties.
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Federally Mandated Constitution Day Lesson of Joy!
You must be at least 18.
You have to register to vote.
Only have to register once unless you move or want to change political parties.
Mail in registration form to Montgomery County Board of Elections in Norristown at least one month prior to the elections. Other states have Internet and same day registration – PA does not.
You vote at your registered voting site. You can’t just vote at any voting site.
There are about 15 in Methacton School District alone.
*Mid-term elections are a type of general election that happens 2 years into a presidential term
– only nation-wide election in US
- Every 4 years
State and US Congress positions
Even numbered years
Local or Municipal Elections (School Board, township, boroughs, etc.)
Odd numbered years
Beginning of November
First Tuesday after the first Monday
Same day across the country
Run by states and process varies from state to state
Types of ballots (absentee, etc)
Locations of voting sites
Voting machines and counting/reporting guidelines
Voters can vote for any candidate regardless of party
Only nation-wide election
Only election where there is public funding or funding paid by the government
Funding is established by the Federal Election Commission
President is not directly elected
From Candidate to Nominee to President
The President must be a natural born citizen.
Must have lived in the U.S. for 14 years (although they do not have to be consecutive).
Must be at least 35 yrs. old.
Government Experience – most frequently as governor or US Senator.
Money – candidates could spend up to $37.3 mil. For primaries and $74.62 million for general election (2004).
Political beliefs – extremes are often not the answer.
The first two primaries are in Iowa and New Hampshire. They “set the tone” for the remainder of the primaries.
Tuesday, Feb. 5th is known as Super Tuesday. Twenty states will hold their primaries.
Pennsylvania held their primary on, April 24th.
Also at the convention, the nominated President will select a running mate, the Vice-President.
Do you think that the President would pick his best friend to be the Vice-President?
There are several reasons for picking a Vice-President and friendship a rarely amongst them. So what are the reasons?
The state that the Vice-President comes from.
The politics of the Vice-President.
The Vice-President fulfills a “special role.”
Ultimately, the Vice-President should balance out the President.
At this point, the Republican nominee and the Democratic nominee will face each other with the Presidency as the prize.
Occasionally, an independent or a third party candidate will emerge, but not very often.
A third party candidate will often take votes away from one of the major party candidates, hurting their chances at the Presidency.
On the first Tuesday of November (unless it is the first day of the month), everyone votes for their candidate for President.
Presidential & Congressional Election
Republican ChallengerMitt Romney
BA from BYU, MBA/JD from Harvard
MA Gov. 2003-2007
President Bain Capital (Private Equity)
CEO Salt Lake Organizing Committee for the 2002 Winter Olympics
Married w/ 7 children
Law Degree from Harvard (1991)
Community Organizer (1985-1988)
State Senator (IL) (1997-2004)
US. Jr. Senator (IL) (2005-2008)
44th U.S. President
Married w/ 2 daughters
This person is asked by a presidential nominee to run with the nominee on a “presidential ticket”.
If the nominee becomes President, his VP running mate becomes VP.
The Nominee simply asks him/her. The only thing is, the VP running mate has to meet the 3 qualifications the Constitution requires to become president.
35 years old
Natural Born U.S. Citizen
Must live in the U.S. for 14 years
There are two primary things a nominee looks at when deciding who to choose as a VP running mate (a presidential nominee and their VP running mate from the same political party is called a “presidential ticket”)
Is this person qualified?
How will this person help me get elected?
The nominee has to find out about the possible running mate:
views on issues
any bad things the person did in the past
Each presidential nominee has weaknesses. (For example, Joe Biden was picked for his political experience and his foreign policy experience/Paul Ryan was picked as a deficit hawk and ideas man on how to lower the federal debt)
If the nominee picks a candidate that is strong in the areas the nominee is weak in, it could help him win the election (Ex. Joe Biden is 20 years older than Obama, and was the Chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee)
Representative (43 years old)
Wisconsin Congressman for 14 years
Former Republican speech writer
Chairman of the House Budget Committee
Known as very conservative
WHY DO YOU THINK HE WAS PICKED?
Senator Joe Biden (69 years old)
New Castle, Delaware city councilman (2 yrs.)
U.S. Senator (36 years)
Chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee (4 years)
Known as moderate liberal
WHY DO YOU THINK HE WAS PICKED?