History and Evolution of Tyler’s Objective Model - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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History and Evolution of Tyler’s Objective Model

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  1. History and Evolution of Tyler’s Objective Model Prior to 1900 very little educational theoretical framework available School and Society and Interest and Efforts in Education by John Dewey published around the turn of the century Ralph Tyler was born in Chicago in 1902 Tyler enters high school in Nebraska about the time WWI starts and emersion of the U.S. Army test

  2. History and Evolution of Tyler’s Objective Model The testing movement emerged following the U.S. Army ‘s Intelligence Test (“ Ralph Tyler’s little book, n. d.”)

  3. History and Evolution of Tyler’s Objective Model Tyler came to view testing as a problem requiring his attention resulting in his involvement in a controversial project in 1933, The Eight Year Study

  4. The Eight Year Project Students from alternative high school curricula can succeed in college

  5. The Eight Year Project Refined the procedures for writing instructional objectives

  6. The Eight Year Project Formative evaluation – objectives and their assessment were used to revise and refine

  7. The Eight Year Project Confirmed that objectives should be written in terms of student behaviors

  8. Tyler’s Philosophy and Influences Tyler describes education as an “active process” Tyler was influenced by John Dewey Tyler called the father of behavioral objectives Tyler’s studies were stimulated by the Soviet Union’s launch of Sputnik in 1957 Benjamin Bloom and Hilda Taba were influenced by Tyler’s Eight Year Study

  9. Tyler’s Approach to Evaluation Establish broad goals and objectives Classify the goals or objectives Define objectives in behavioral terms Find situations in which achievement in term of objectives can be shown Develop or select measurement technique Collect performance data Compare performance data with behaviorally stated objectives

  10. References University of South Florida College of Education. (n. d.). Ralph Tyler’s little book. Retrieved from www.coedu.usf.edu/agents/dlewis/publications/tyler.htm