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Regions: Physical and Human Characteristics

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Regions: Physical and Human Characteristics. Objectives :. Know the 4 regions of Texas Understand the different physical characteristics of each region Understand how physical differences affect human characteristics (way of life). Can you name the Regions of Texas?. Gulf Coastal

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Know the 4 regions of Texas

Understand the different physical characteristics of each region

Understand how physical differences affect human characteristics (way of life)

can you name the regions of texas
Can you name the Regions of Texas?

Gulf Coastal

Central Plains

Great Plains

Mountains and Basins

location of the gulf coastal plains
Location of the Gulf Coastal Plains
  • Covers 1/3 of the land of Texas
  • Northeast border is the Sabine River
  • Southeast border is the Gulf of Mexico
  • West border is the Balcones Escarpment
coastal cities
Coastal Cities……
  • Houston
  • Dallas (on the border of Central Plains)
  • San Antonio
  • Texarkana
  • Corpus Christi
  • Brownsville
coastal climate
Coastal Climate…….

Hot and damp, humid

Tornadoes, hurricanes

30-55 inches of rain per year

  • The land along the Gulf Coast is very near sea level. It is hard for water to drain off the land, since there is nowhere lower for the water to go. Much of the coast of Texas is made up of marshes----wetlands where a variety of tall grasses grow.
coastal animals
Coastal Animals….
  • Many kinds of animals live in the coastal region… To name a few…
    • Quail
    • Hawks
    • Owls
    • Hundreds of other birds
    • Bald eagle
    • White tail deer
    • Foxes
  • Skunks
  • River otters
  • Bobcats
  • Alligators in the marshes!!! Some weigh up to 500 lbs!!!
way of life
Way of life….
  • The gulf coast is a major center of economic activity. The marshlands provide breeding grounds for ocean life, which make the fish and shrimp businesses very important. Seafood!
  • The port of Houston is one of the 10 busiest ports in the world.
oil and gas
  • Along the coastal region you will find many oil rigs that are on-shore and off-shore….
  • The ocean gives easy access to ship the oil and gas to where it needs to go..
location of central plains
Location of Central Plains
  • The Great Plains include the Llano Estacado, the Panhandle, Edwards Plateau, Toyah Basin and the Llano Uplift.
  • It is border on the east by the Caprock Escarpment in the panhandle and by the Balcones Fault to the southeast.

Picture of Edwards Plateau

central plain cities
Central Plain Cities…..
  • Austin
  • Waco
  • Fredericksburg
  • Llano
  • The Hill Country is a popular name for the area of hills along the Balcones Fault and is a transitional area between the Great Plains and the Gulf Coastal Plains.
central plains climate
Central Plains Climate
  • Central Texas is shaped by its many rivers and hills. The climate is subtropical.
  • In a single year the region can receive up to 48 inches of rain, and flooding is common near rivers and in low lying areas.
central plains culture
Central Plains Culture
  • In the summer, one of the favorite activities is floating down a creek or river in an inner tube (tubing). Spring is a time for residents to drive the winding back roads and take in the rainbow of colors produced by the blooming wildflowers, including Bluebonnets and Indian paintbrush. In the fall and winter, hunters visit in hopes of taking home a white-tailed deer.
  • Some of the favorite local cuisines are barbecue and a variation on traditional Mexican food affectionately referred to as Tex-Mex..
central plains plants
Central Plains - Plants
  • Blue bonnets
  • Indian Paintbrush
  • Texas Oak Trees
  • Mesquite Trees
  • Baldcypress Trees

Indian Blanket

Standing Cypress

Blue Sage

central plain animals
Central Plain - Animals
  • Bobcat
  • White-tailed deer
  • Turkeys
  • Screech Owl
  • Mexican Freetail Bat
  • Cliff Swallow
location of the great plains
Location of the Great Plains
  • Northwest Texas
  • Colorado and Red Rivers are the borders.
  • Geographic Features
  • Rolling grassy lands
  • Thick grasses
  • Cross Timbers area - large areas of hardwood trees
  • Limestone rock
  • Higher elevation because limestone doesn't wear down easily
great plains cities
Great Plains Cities
  • Amarillo
  • Lubbock
  • Abilene
  • San Angelo
  • Wichita Falls
  • Dry air
  • Tornadoes
  • 20-30 inches of rain per year
  • windy
  • Prickly pear
  • Yucca
  • Indian Paintbrush
  • Cactus
  • Pronghorn
  • Prarie Dog
  • Snakes
  • Horny Toad
way of life1
Way of Life
  • Farming - fruits, vegetables, watermelons, oats
  • Ranching - cattle, angora goats (mohair)
  • Cedar trees - fenceposts
  • Oil and gas
  • Far west Texas
  • East border near Pecos River
  • South border is the Rio Grande
  • North border is New Mexico
  • El Paso
  • Pecos
  • Kermit & Monahans in Permian Basin area
  • Fort Davis, Marfa, & Alpine in Mountain area
  • Driest part of state
  • 8 inches of rain per year, 20 in mountains
  • Hot days, cool nights
  • IT IS FLAT!!!!!
  • Some sagebrush
way of life2
Way of Life
  • Ranching - cattle, sheep, goat
  • Farming - cotton, fruits, vegetables, cantaloupes (irrigation in El Paso and Pecos River Valley)
  • Oil and gas - part of Permian Basin