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IV World Congress of Computer Law Session: Policies for the information society. Developing access to the Information society in Latin America: The case of Peru. Edwin San Román President, OSIPTEL Governing Board Friday, 15 October 2004. ¿What is Regulatel?.

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IV World Congress of Computer Law

Session: Policies for the information society

Developing access to the

Information society in

Latin America: The case of Peru

Edwin San Román

President, OSIPTEL Governing Board

Friday, 15 October 2004

what is regulatel
¿What is Regulatel?
  • Regulatel is the Latin American Forum of Telecommunication Regulatory Authorities, set up for the purpose of fostering cooperation and the coordination of efforts to promote telecommunication development in Latin America.
  • Regulatel comprises 19 regulatory bodies representing: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Chile, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Dominican Republic, Uruguay and Venezuela.
  • Facilitate the exchange of information between member countries on the telecommunication regulatory framework and management, services and the market.
  • Promote the harmonization of telecommunication regulation as a contribution to regional integration.
  • Identify and safeguard regional interests by adopting common positions in international forums.
organization chart
Organization chart

President: José Rafael Vargas - INDOTEL, Dominican Republic

Board of Administration: INDOTEL, Dominican Republic;

ANATEL, Brazil; OSIPTEL, Peru; SITTEL Bolivia;

CONATEL; Honduras; and ERSP, Panama.

2003 a 2004

Secretary-General: Gustavo Peña

Each member freely establishes its own internal organization. The only requirement is at least an official contact for each regulatory body

Regulatel is administered by the Association of Regulatel Regulators AD, reporting to the forum

overview of the region
Overview of the region





Reform of the telecommunication sector in Latin America



Asia Pacific


Costa Rica


Arab Region







Vision of the information society

Harmonize regulatory frameworks to promote the development of ICTs, connectivity and people’s access to the information society.

Stimulate development

of the informationsociety.





Secure a stable regulatory framework in order to accelerate the development of ICTs.

Develop training through the use of new technologies.


Information society in Latin America

Technology: make standards and competitivity more uniform.


ctividad: Mejorar la calidad y penetración.

Content: Development of new market services

Technology: Development of new applications and facilities for competition

Content: Development of new market services

Connectivity: improve quality and penetration

Phases of the process

Current situation in

Latin America

Connectivity: Improve quality and penetration

Latin America is confronting these three challenges in an unstable political and economic climate

study to determine the universal access gap in latin america
Study to determine the universal accessgap in Latin America

Objectives of the PPIAF

  • The results of the project will benefit the regulators of 19 member countries of Regulatel and will help them in their efforts to implement an effective and sustainable universal access programme.
  • In addition, the result will contribute in the following areas:
    • Helping to create incentives for innovation encouraging the private sector to improve accessibility of services in low-income areas;
    • Promoting competition, reducing isolation, improving connectivity and expanding economic opportunities;
    • Simplifying implementation processes for national projects by providing methodologies and specific task lists.
expected outputs of ppiaf
Expected outputs of PPIAF
  • Report on principles, global best practices and conceptual frameworks for universal access.
  • Conceptual and methodological framework for evaluating universal access programmes and quantifying the universal access gap.
  • Catalogue of universal access programmes.
  • Report on the current status of the universal access gap in a sample of Latin American countries.
  • Evaluation of universal access programmes in the region.
  • Report on best practices and implementation guide.
geographical coverage by type of service
Geographical coverage by typeof service

Fixed telephony

Telefonía fija

Telefonía Móvil

Mobile telephony

Telefonía Pública (TdP)

Public telephony (TdP)

Telefonía Pública (Fitel)

Public telephony (Fitel)


(ADSL exchanges)

Source: Operators

Produced by: OSIPTEL


Market gaps vs. real gap

Commercially viable

Real accessdeficit






access to icts by income
Access to ICTs by income

Traditional switched access

S/243 month (6%)

Narrowband accessS/220 month (6,2%)

Flat-rate-tariff switched accessS/168 month (9,4%)

Traditional shared accessS/68 month (18%)

Shared broadband access S/32 month (44%)

Market efficiencygap

Real universalaccess gap:

Over 50% of the

Peruvian population

3.6% Monthly income (soles)

% of population

Source: Apoyo (2003)

Produced by: OSIPTEL


Internet by type of access

Mobile access

ADSL + Cable-modem

Dedicated lines

Source: Operators

Produced by: OSIPTEL

access to internet by public phones
Access to Internet by public phones

Hourly rate

Between S/. 1.00 and S/. 1.50

Hourly rate

S/. 5.00

Wireline dedicated lines

Wireless dedicated lines

New techologies

Source: Operators

Produced by: OSIPTEL

costs of public phones falling
Costs of public phones falling

First year of operation (USD)

Current costs



Connectivity (1 year)

internet booth characteristics
Internet booth: Characteristics


Owner, family or friend


S/. 1.50 per hour

(range: S/. 1.00 - S/. 2.5 per hour)

Type of premises:

70% rented

30% owned

No. of computers:

12 on average (mostly assembled)

Additional service:

IP telephony

Type of connection:



1.2 years on average

Types of problem:

Strong competition, informality,

security issues

Trades association:

95% independent

5% in associations

No. of users:

55 persons per day on average



Universal access to telecommunicationservices

Role of the TelecommunicationInvestment Fund


Projects awarded

Amount of subsidy

requested from Fund

USD 4 730 000.00

(Net present value)

USD 10 999 888

(For the threeprojects)

Projects awarded to Gilat- To-Home

USD 11 409 441

USD 9 365 959

Projects awarded to Avantec - C&G Telecom

USD 7 079 000

Project awarded to Gilat- To-Home

Pilot project in North Frontier

Projects awarded to TELEREP

PPR – South

PPR – Centre South

PPR – Northern Forest

PPR – North

PPR – Centre West

PPR = Rural Projects Programme

PPR – Centre North

Source and produced by: OSIPTEL

quantitative results
Quantitative results



Financial balance on Investment Fund projects

Amount of subsidy

Disbursed (31 July 2004)

Balance(31 July 2004)


Pilot project in Northern Frontier

USD 4 725 844

USD 4 226 612

USD 499 232

Rural Projects Programme for Northern Forest, Centre South and South areas

USD 10 990 888

USD 6 432 251

USD 4 558 637

Rural projects programme for the North, Centre North and Centre East areas

USD 27 854 400

USD 17 232 024

USD 10 622 376

Project to expand public telephony

USD 11 396 300

USD 9 117 040

USD 2 279 260

USD 54 967 432

USD 37 007 927

USD 17 959 505

Source and produced by: OSIPTEL

benefits of rural telecommunications
Benefits of rural telecommunications
  • Cost/benefit for society: 1.64
  • Consumer surplus: S/. 13.00 per month
  • Reduces the isolation of rural localities
  • Promotes trade
  • Diversifies the production structure in rural areas
  • Improves market efficiency
  • Reduces communication costs
  • Reduces the costs of providing other public services
  • Contributes to greater national security
innovative pilot projects
Innovative pilot projects
  • Information system for rural development in Cajamarca – ITDG
    • Establishment of infocentres providing access to information of interest (agricultural sector, livestock, local management) using ICTs and the telephone service.
  • Telemedicine in the High Amazon – EHAS
    • Implementation of an information and communication system for medical staff in rural health establishments.
    • Winner of the Stockholm Challenge Award in the health category.
  • Agricultural information over the Internet for farmers in the Río Chancay-Huaral Valley Users Group
    • Installation of 14 telecentres to provide information on agricultural and water resources to farmers in the area.
cotahuasi arequipa
Cotahuasi - Arequipa
  • A 12-hour drive from Arequipa at 3 600metres above sea level.
  • One of the lowest UNDP human development indices.
  • Connection to the world through the public telephone and organization of the community.
  • Marketing:
    • Agroecological products
    • Processed organic products
  • Winner of the Betinho Communications Prize 2003

Source: AEDES

challhuahuacho library centre
Challhuahuacho library centre
  • Launched by the Callpas Association
  • Scope: education and capacity-building
  • Achievements:
    • 120 schoolchildren use the library centre daily.
    • 95% of regular schoolchildren at the library centre successfully completed the school year.
    • Four neighbouring villages have requested a similar project for their communities.
  • Major challenges and opportunities from Las Bambas mining project
  • Winner of the IDB prize for innovative projects (2003)
antabamba cics information and training centres
Antabamba CICs(information and training centres)
  • Centre for Research (Information Technology) of the UNITEC University of New Zealand.
  • The idea of the project is to increase the productive value of activities and markets through the implementation of telecentres.
  • Achievements:
    • Improving the price of alpaca wool from S/. 1.00 previously paid by buyers to S/.7.5 for first-grade wool and S/. 4.50 for fourth-grade wool.
    • Enhance the negotiation strengths of potato producers through the information obtained on the Mi Chacra portal

(children in Antabamba using computers)