Lewis and Clark Unit 2 Theme 1 C. Perez, Griffith MS
barrier • Definition: something that blocks the way • Sentence: There was a barrier across the door so we couldn’t go in.
difficulty • Definition: a problem, something that stops you from getting something done • Sentence: He had difficulties walking to the car because the snow was very deep.
discover • Definition: see for the first time, find out something • Sentence: I discovered hidden faces in the picture.
expedition • Definition: trip for a specific purpose or goal • Sentence: The members of the expeditions collected rocks from the valley.
explore • Definition: to look around a new place • Sentence: Juan wanted to explore the places around his new home.
fur trade • Definition: exchange of animal skins for money, food, or other items • Sentence: Mountain men often made their living in the fur trade.
journey • Definition: long trip • Sentence: They prepared for their journey by packing food and other supplies.
territory • Definition: land that is owned and ruled by a country • Sentence: The newly explored territory belonged to the United States.
the unknown • Definition: something that is not familiar to you • Sentence: Divers explore the unknown at the bottom of the sea.
wilderness • Definition: area where no people live • Sentence: They have to find their own food while traveling in the wilderness.
Relating Goals and Outcomes Lewis and Clark
Relating Goals and Outcomes Goal- is something a person wants to do Outcome- tells if the person reaches the goal Obstacle- difficult times someone goes through in order to achieve his/her goal Actions- things people do in order to reach their goal
How to Relate Goals and Outcomes Find a water route to the Pacific The Rocky Mountains Didn’t find a direct route to the Pacific
Compound Sentences A compound sentence is made up of two independent clauses. A coordinating conjunction joins the two clauses. Examples:
Compound Sentences Choose and, but, or or to join each pair of sentences. Write the compound sentences. Jeff packed enough food. He forgot to pack water. I heard a bird singing nearby. Luis took a picture of the nest. We can take the river trail. We can take the trail to the mesa. You need to drink plenty of water. You will get sick.
Compound Sentences 1.Jeff packed enough food,but he forgot to pack water. 2.I heard a bird singing nearby,and Luis took a picture of the nest. 3.We can take the river trail,or we can take the trail to the mesa. 4.You need to drink plenty of water,or you will get sick. Choose and, but, or or to join each pair of sentences. Write the compound sentences. Jeff packed enough food. He forgot to pack water. I heard a bird singing nearby. Luis took a picture of the nest. We can take the river trail. We can take the trail to the mesa. You need to drink plenty of water. You will get sick.
Compound Sentences • I went to the dentist, and she checked my teeth. • I always brush my teeth, yet I still need a filling. • I do not like fillings, for they make my mouth numb. Choose and, yet, or for to join each pair of sentences. Write the compound sentences. I went to the dentist. She checked my teeth. I always brush my teeth. I still need a filling. I do not like fillings. They make my mouth numb.
Subject & Object Pronouns A pronoun takes the place of a noun I he yousheitwetheymeyouhim heritusthem Examples: Thomas Jefferson was president. He was president. Lewis and Clark were explorers. They were explorers. The expedition began in May 1804. It began in May 1804.
Subject and Object Pronouns they them sheheritwe I Complete this paragraph using pronouns from the box. Explorers were very brave. ____ traveled in dangerous places. Sometimes explorers took children with _____. Sarah Brown spent a year exploring Idaho with _____ parents. _____ saw many new things.
Subject and Object Pronouns He They It Complete these sentences using pronouns from the box. he theyit In 1804, Thomas Jefferson was president. ____ was America’s third president. Lewis and Clark were explorers. ____ led an expedition to the Louisiana Territory. The expedition began in May 1804. ___ ended two years later, in September 1806.
Think It Over Why do you think Lewis and Clark agreed to go on the expedition? How would the expedition have been different without Sacagawea and York?
Think It Over- Answers I think Lewis and Clark agreed to go on the expedition because they loved adventure and wanted to do something for their country. Lewis was Jefferson’s friend. Clark was a mapmaker. The expedition would have been different, because Sacagawea talked to the Indians for them and without York, the Indians might have been less friendly.
Think It Over What character traits helped the members of the expedition overcome the obstacles they faced on their journey? How did the Lewis and Clark expedition contribute to the growth of the United States?
Think It Over Some character traits that helped the members of the expedition overcome the obstacles they faced on their journey are bravery, determination, and curiosity. The Lewis and Clark expedition contributed to the growth of the United States by bringing back valuable information about the newly purchased territory and opening up new land to settlers and traders.
Phrases and Clauses Phrase- a phrase is a group of words that go together A phrase does not have a subject and predicate. A phrase is not a sentence. Ex: over the Rocky Mountains through snow and sleet Remember that a subject tells who or what the sentence is about. The predicate tells what the subject is, has, or does.
Phrases and Clauses Subject and Predicates: Lewis and Clark set off on an expedition. The explorers were strong and brave. Clauses-a clause is a group of words that has a subject and a predicate. Sometimes a clause can stand alone as a sentence.
Phrases and Clauses Examples of Clauses:
Let’s do some practice!!! Identify the clauses and the phrases. • Lewis went on land to explore the south fork of the river. • From the land, Lewis could see many waterfalls. • The men took one month to get around the waterfalls. Identify the clauses and the phrases. • Lewis went on land to explore the south fork of the river. • From the land, Lewis could see many waterfalls. • The men took one month to get around the waterfalls.
Journal Description Look at William Clark’s journal entry on page 91. What does he describe? Imagine you are William Clark. Create three journal entries on page 36 in your PB to tell about the expedition. Make your journal entries short just like the one on page 91. Describe your preparations for the trip. Describe the environment along the way. Tell about something you discovered.
Pronouns Write each sentence and add a pronoun. The explorers pushed on into the unknown. _____ traveled in the boats they had made. When Lewis first saw the Rocky Mountains, ____ wrote in his journal. Sacagawea helped interpret. ____ had a brother who was a Shoshone chief. Lewis and Clark reached ____ goal, the Pacific Ocean in November. They he She their
Possessive Nouns and Pronouns • A possessive noun and pronoun tells who or what owns something • A possessive noun always has an apostrophe (‘) • Clark’s friend the Americans’ expedition • the teacher’s bag the farmers’ land • the expedition’s end the explorers’ boats
Possessive Pronouns • A possessive pronoun takes the place of a noun. • Clark had a dog. His dog was a big Newfoundland dog. • Sometimes explorers took their children with them.