Lewis and Clark Journal Project
Louisiana Purchase • From France (Napoleon) • $15 million (3 cents/acre) • AlmostDOUBLEDsize of the U.S. • Fulfilled President Jefferson’s dreams of exploring the West
What’s Out There?? • Jefferson had no idea what he just bought!! • Wooly Mammoths?? • Needed to know
All Water Route to the Pacific Ocean?? • Not only explore LA Territory • Thought he could accomplish this as well and CONTROL TRADE AND RESOURCESof the entire North American continent to benefit the U.S. (Does this mean get out of debt anyone??)
Meriwether Lewis • Was Jefferson’s personal secretary • Former army captain • Brave • Familiarity with wilderness • Amateur scientist • Skilled frontiersman • Suffered from alcoholism and depression • Good Native American negotiator • Brought his beloved New Foundland Dog
William Clark • Hired by Lewis; not officially recognized as a captain by government, but Lewis considered him a co-captain • Skilled frontiersman • Great cartographer • Brave, philosophical, bright • Even better negotiator with Native Americans • Brought his slave York
Corps of Discovery • This is the name of Lewis, Clark and their crew of about 55 men
Objective of the Expedition • To find an all water route to the Pacific • DOCUMENT EVERYTHING IN JOURNALS!! • Land type, animals, plants, Native Americans, climate, soil type for farming, etc. • Jefferson wants to know what he just bought • He wants to read these journals and feel like he was there himself • Wants samples of plants/animals sent to him
MAINTAIN PEACE WITH NATIVE AMERICANS • Make peace with them, give them gifts, but tell them this land was now purchased by U.S. • Want to get along in harmony
Significance of the Journals • Every man should write in it every day • Extreme detail and accuracy
Preparations of the Expedition • $2500 materials • Built a main KEEL BOAT and then small canoes • Supplies included: gunpowder, cannons, rifles, lead, blankets, whiskey, compasses, gifts (for Natives), food
Lewis’s Main Tasks/Responsibilities • Scientist • Zoology, botany, medicine (Rush’s Thunderbolts) • Gather soil samples
Clark’s Main Tasks/Responsibilities • Mapmaker (Cartographer) • Estimate distances, compile maps for Jefferson, mainly stayed on boat
Bon Voyage!! • Officially met whole corps in St. Louis • May, 1804 • Last two and half years
Main Rivers Travelled • Missouri • Snake • Columbia
Biggest Hardship • Getting around the Rocky Mountains • Also called the “Continental Divide”
Your Task • Count by 2’s • 1’s: Lewis • 2’s: Clark • This is who you are in writing these journals!!
Journal Book • Pick the color of your book • Take 3 fasteners (DON’T LOSE) • Title/Picture on Front • MUST ALL BE HAND DRAWN!! (Authenticity) • All pictures throughout journaling must be hand drawn
Journal Book • You are going to need either Loose Leaf or computer paper • NO TYPING!! • All journal entries will be HAND WRITTEN!! (Pen or Pencil)
Day to Day Journaling • Daily assignments and activities • Each day journal assignments will be checked • Hand in final book at end of next week (Project Grade)
Journal Requirements • Each Journal Entry must be a least 1 page written (single-spaced) • Each Journal must have 2 pictures drawn based on what you saw at end of each written entry • MUST BE DESCRIPTIVE based on reading we did that day • Jefferson wants you to be precise and specific!!
Let the Voyage Begin!! • GOOD LUCK! • Write as if you are actually there!