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Characterization of Solar Cells

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  1. Characterization of Solar Cells Mary Liang Center for Adaptive Optics, Akamai Internship at Hnu Photonics Mentor: Dan O’Connell Home Institution: University of Hawaii at Manoa Collaborator: Chad Sithar

  2. Energy June 2007

  3. Si Photon passes though Due to low energy Photon gets reflected the surface Photon absorption Heat Not enough energy to break free of atoms Heat causes other electrons to excite and release more heat Current Break free of atoms Solar Cell

  4. Amorphous Used in calculators Formed at one piece The efficiency of amorphous solar panels is not as high Poly Crystalline Solar Cells Poly Crystalline wired in series to produce solar panels. 0.5V - 0.6V cheaper to produce than single crystal cell Types of Solar Cells

  5. Created Test and demonstration kit Resistive load box Volt, current, solar flux, and temperature meter Cooling system Solar Panel Daily measurements Project

  6. Potential power as measured straight above Watts/m^2 Theoretical Solar Flux

  7. Current vs voltage Varying resistance Use resistance to determine voltage and current for specific purpose Voltage=Current*Resistance I-V curve

  8. Our Solar Flux

  9. Our IV curve without Cooling System

  10. What affects our readings • Clouds • Scattering • Decreasing photon absorption • Heat • Angle of Solar Panel

  11. IV Curve with Cooling System

  12. Results • A 7% increase in current • A 1% increase in voltage • A 8% increase in power

  13. Conclusion • Measured an IV curve • Cooling system improved efficiency • Future work • Tracking System to increase photon collection • Improve cooling system design • Improve solar panel system design

  14. Acknowledgments • Hnu Photonics • Dan O’Connell • Terry Born • Richard Puga • CFAO • Maui Community College • IFA • MEDB • Chad Sithar • This work has been supported by the National Science Foundation Science and Technology Center for Adaptive Optics, managed by the University of California at Santa Cruz under cooperative agreement No. AST - 9876783.

  15. Reference • “Photovoltaics: Solar Electricity and Solar Cells in Theory and Practice”. Solarserver. 2007June 24. <http://www.solarserver.de/wissen/photovoltaik-e.html> • “Photovoltaic electricity”. Polar Power. 2007June 24 <http://www.polarpowerinc.com/info/operation20/operation23.htm> • “Solar”. US Department of Energy, 2007 June 24. <http://www.energy.gov/> • “Generation and Consumption of Fuels for Electricity Generation”. Energy Information Administration. 2007 March. 2007 June 24 http://www.eia.doe.gov/ • http://www.pv.unsw.edu.au/images/future-students/solar-cell_p-n.jpg