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Goal Setting and Personal Achievement: The Power of Relaxation and Suggestion--Hypnosis. Thomas Li-Ping Tang, Ph.D. Middle Tennessee State University Presented At Hong Kong Baptist University. Goal Setting and Personal Achievement: The Power of Relaxation and Suggestion.

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Goal setting and personal achievement the power of relaxation and suggestion hypnosis

Goal Setting and Personal Achievement: The Power of Relaxation and Suggestion--Hypnosis

Thomas Li-Ping Tang, Ph.D.

Middle Tennessee State University

Presented At

Hong Kong Baptist University


Goal setting and personal achievement the power of relaxation and suggestion

Goal Setting and Personal Achievement: The Power of Relaxation and Suggestion

Thomas Li-Ping Tang, Ph.D.

Middle Tennessee State University

Presented At

The Webb School


Goal setting and personal achievement the power of relaxation and suggestion1

Goal Setting and Personal Achievement: The Power of Relaxation and Suggestion

Thomas Li-Ping Tang, Ph.D.

Middle Tennessee State University

Presented At

University of Nantes, France


Goal setting and personal achievement the power of relaxation and suggestion2

Goal Setting and Personal Achievement: The Power of Relaxation and Suggestion

Thomas Li-Ping Tang, Ph.D.

Middle Tennessee State University

Presented At

Psi Chi and Psychology Club

MTSU


Outline
Outline Relaxation and Suggestion

  • Have An Open Mind

  • Goal Setting

  • Principles of Hypnosis

  • Relaxation

  • Guided Imagery

  • Hypnosis


Have an open mind
Have An Open Mind Relaxation and Suggestion

  • You can only open your heart from inside.

  • Nobody can force you to change.

  • Your can change at any time. It is never too late to change.


Words are very powerful
Words Are Very Powerful Relaxation and Suggestion

  • Positive Words: Birthday, Christmas, Happiness, Light

  • Negative Words: Disease, Illness, Death, Darkness

  • These words change your brain waves, emotions, and your reactions.

  • What do you say when you talk to yourself?


Positive vs negative thinking
Positive vs. Negative Thinking Relaxation and Suggestion

  • Dumbo has long and big ears: Liabilities vs. Special Talents

  • Drum with 1,000 cards

  • What is the Probability of Winning US$1,000,000? or

  • Getting Killed?


Frame of reference
Frame of Reference Relaxation and Suggestion

  • The right “frame of reference” The Chinese Farmer-- You can find something positive in every event. Job satisfaction--a frame of reference

  • Have you identified success, achievement, and happy events in your life lately?


Have a clear picture of your goal
Have a Clear Picture of Your Goal Relaxation and Suggestion

  • Obstacles are what you see when you take your eyes off the goal.

  • Acres of Diamonds; Dirt vs. Diamond

  • Golf: Hole-In-One vs. Sand Traps and Water Hazards

  • Basketball: Goal vs. Background


Characteristics of goals
Characteristics of Goals Relaxation and Suggestion

(1) Specific,

(2) Quantifiable,

(3) Difficult,

(4) Feedback (KR),

(5) Support


S m a r t goals
S.M.A.R.T. Relaxation and Suggestion Goals:

1. Specific (to insure clarity)

2. Measurable (to be objective)

3. Ambitious (to provide stretch)

4. Realistic (to achieve commitment)

5. Time-bound (to attach urgency)


Example
Example Relaxation and Suggestion

Yale Undergraduates in 1952

How many Yale graduates have written goals?

Only 3%

20 years later, in 1972

These 3% of Yale graduates had assets/wealth more than the other 97% combined


Balancing your goals
Balancing Your Goals Relaxation and Suggestion

  • Career Goals

  • Family Goals

  • Personal Improvement Goals

  • Long-Term Goals and Short-Term Goals


Example1
Example Relaxation and Suggestion

  • Efficiency Consultant, Ivy Lee, offered one advice for improving Charles Schwab’s performance at Bethlehem Steel in 1903:

  • Write Down Your 5 Goals and Prioritize Your Goals

  • Reach Your Goals One by One

  • A $35,000 advice (1903), Worth $6 billion Today


Rule of 72
Rule of 72 Relaxation and Suggestion

  • A very important piece of information for you and your future.


Rule of 721
Rule of 72 Relaxation and Suggestion

  • 2% x 36 = 72

  • 3% x 24 = 72

  • 6% x 12 = 72

  • 8% x 9 = 72

  • 12% x 6 = 72


12 x 6 72
12% x 6 = 72 Relaxation and Suggestion

  • 12% x 6 = 72 2% x 36 = 72

  • Age 20, 20,000 age 20, 20,000

  • Age 26, 40,000 age 56, 40,000

  • Age 32, 80,000 age 92, 80,000

  • Age 38, 160,000

  • Age 44, 320,000

  • Age 50, 640,000

  • Age 56, 1,280,000

  • Age 62, 2,560,000


12 vs 8
12% vs. 8% Relaxation and Suggestion

  • With 12% increase (6) 8% (9)

  • Age 20, 20,000 age 20, 20,000

  • Age 26, 40,000 age 29, 40,000

  • Age 32, 80,000 age 38, 80,000

  • Age 38, 160,000 age 47, 160,000

  • Age 44, 320,000 age 56, 320,000

  • Age 50, 640,000 age 65, 640,000

  • Age 56, 1,280,000

  • Age 62, 2,560,000


Early vs late
Early vs. Late Relaxation and Suggestion

  • With 12% increase (6)

  • Age 20, 20,000

  • Age 26, 40,000

  • Age 32, 80,000 32, 20,000

  • Age 38, 160,000 38, 40,000

  • Age 44, 320,000 44, 80,000

  • Age 50, 640,000 50, 160,000

  • Age 56, 1,280,000 56, 320,000

  • Age 62, 2,560,000 62, 640,000


Effect of time
Effect of time Relaxation and Suggestion

  • 1903 35,000

  • 1909 70,000

  • 1915 140,000

  • 1921 280,000

  • 1927 560,000

  • 1933 1,120,000

  • 1939 2,240,000

  • 1945 4,480,000

  • 1951 8,960,000

  • 1957 17,920,000

  • 1963 35,840,000

  • 1969 71,680,000

  • 1975 143,360,000

  • 1981 286,720,000

  • 1987 573,440,000

  • 1993 1,146,880,000

  • 1999 2,293,760,000

  • 2005 4,487,520,000

  • 2011 8,974,040,000


The oldest reference
The Oldest Reference Relaxation and Suggestion

  • Habakkuk 2: 2-4

  • Write down the vision clearly upon the tablets so that one can read it readily. For this vision still has its time, presses on to fulfillment, and will not disappoint; If it delays, wait for it, it will surely come, it will not be late.

  • The rash one has no integrity; but the just one because of his faith, shall live.


Goal setting
Goal Setting Relaxation and Suggestion

  • The harder the (accepted) goal, the higher the performance.

    Locke, E. A., & Latham, G. P. 1990. A theory of goal setting & task performance. Prentice Hall.


Steps of goal setting
Steps of Goal Setting Relaxation and Suggestion

  • Identify Your Goal

  • Set a Deadline for Achieving Your Goal

  • List the Obstacles to Overcome

  • Identify People and Groups to Work With

  • Identify Skills/Knowledge Required

  • Develop Your Plan of Action

  • Identify Your Benefits and Rewards

    (Zig Ziglar)


Goal setting example
Goal Setting Example Relaxation and Suggestion

  • Visible Harvard

  • Difficult

  • Specific

  • Quantifiable

  • Time


Goal setting example1
Goal Setting Example Relaxation and Suggestion

  • SAT

  • Quantitative Verbal

  • 99% 95% (Room For Improvement)

  • Goal/Big Picture vs. Steps Toward the Goal

  • 3,000 Words vs. 10 Words/Day

  • One Day: Study 10 Words

  • 30 Days: 300 Words

  • 10 Months: 3,000 Words


Goal setting example2
Goal Setting Example Relaxation and Suggestion

  • Quantitative Verbal

  • 99% 95%

  • 91%99%

  • 98% 99% and--

  • Pray and Get All the Help You Can Find


Power of perseverance
Power of Perseverance Relaxation and Suggestion

  • Lee Iacocca (1984): I think that if I keep working at this and want it bad enough, I can have it. It’s call perseverance.


Power of positive suggestion
Power of Positive Suggestion Relaxation and Suggestion

  • Thomas Edison failed 10,000 times.

  • Colonel Sanders failed 1,009 times.

  • Average Millionaires failed 17 times.

  • How many times have you tried to achieve your goals?


Power of positive suggestion1
Power of Positive Suggestion Relaxation and Suggestion

  • Super Bowl XXIV--Goals and Steps:

  • Winning the Super Bowl,

  • Touchdown,

  • First Down,

  • Complete the Pass, (long vs short),

  • Small Success Leads to Total Success.

  • MVP and Self-Esteem


This is your super bowl
This Is Your Super Bowl Relaxation and Suggestion

  • Super Bowl XXIV

  • San Francisco 13 14 14 14------55

  • Denver 3 0 7 0------10

  • Montana had 13 Consecutive passes.

  • Montana completed 22 out of 29 passes.

  • Elway completed 10 out of 26 passes.


Mvp and your success
MVP and Your Success Relaxation and Suggestion

Montana vs. Elway

Which person did not shave his face?

Self-Esteem

Self-Esteem x Effort = Success

Your Mind x Your Body = Total Success


Hypnosis
Hypnosis Relaxation and Suggestion

  • Hypnosis is a systematic procedure for altering consciousness (Hilgard, 1975).


Hypnosis and meditation
Hypnosis and Meditation Relaxation and Suggestion

  • Hypnosis is different from Meditation.

  • Meditation involves radically changing the nature of outside stimulation by:

    • Blocking it out

    • Make it impossible to comprehend


Hypnosis and meditation1
Hypnosis and Meditation Relaxation and Suggestion

  • Both Hypnosis and Meditation will:

    • Produce a state qualitatively different from normal waking consciousness.

    • Apply some manipulation of sensory input directly through suggestions

    • Have the capacity to leave people feeling better


Hypnosis and sleep
Hypnosis and Sleep Relaxation and Suggestion

  • EEG patterns in sleep and wakefulness:

  • Awake, Drowsy, Sleep 1, 2, 3, and REM

  • During Hypnosis (Trance), you are not sleeping.

  • Drowsy--Alpha waves, 7 - 12/sec.

  • Just about to fall sleep


History

1600s, humans could be magnetized Relaxation and Suggestion

1700s, Franz Mesmer studied animal magnetism (Mesmerized)

1842, painless amputated a leg

1880s, Freud learned hypnosis in France

late 19th century, French, Charcot, study hypnosis to treat abnormal behavior

1920s & 1930s, Hull, attempted to study hypnosis with the first solidly scientific approach

History


History1

E.R. Hilgard, founder, director of 1st hypnosis research labs, Stanford Univ.

1978 1/3 American dental and medical schools offering courses in hypnosis -twice as many as 1974

Experts emphasize hypnosis is not for all persons or problems. It takes a well trained specialist to know when and how to use it properly.

History


A system of medical hypnosis
A System of Medical Hypnosis labs, Stanford Univ.

  • A. Meares (1964). President International Society for Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis.

  • Braid, coined the word “hypnotism” from the Greek word hypnos (sleep) in 1841.


A system of medical hypnosis1
A System of Medical Hypnosis labs, Stanford Univ.

  • The nature of suggestion: Logical, Uncritical

    • An easy suggestion does not conflict with a logical appraisement of the situation.

  • Suggestion vs. Command/Request

    • The response to a command or a request is Conscious, whereas the response to a suggestion is uncritical and is not consciously evaluated


A system of medical hypnosis2
A System of Medical Hypnosis labs, Stanford Univ.

  • We hypnotize our patients by the process of suggestion.

  • Two major ingredients:

    • Relaxation/Concentration

    • Suggestion


Concentration
Concentration labs, Stanford Univ.

  • You hear nothing but my voice/words.

  • Speak: 200 words/min.

  • Think: 800 words/min.

  • Can you think of something else while listening to a lecture?

  • Is your mind wondering around afar?


Factors influencing suggestion
Factors Influencing Suggestion labs, Stanford Univ.

  • Affective Relationship

  • Prestige

  • Nonverbal Communication

  • Facilitation

    • The acceptance of one suggestion always aids to the acceptance of another suggestion.


Factors influencing suggestion1
Factors Influencing Suggestion labs, Stanford Univ.

  • Grading

    • Suggestions are accepted more readily if they are graded as to difficulty of acceptance.

  • Expectancy

    • When the patient is in a state of expectancy he/she makes suggestions more easily.

  • Drugs


Suggestibility
Suggestibility labs, Stanford Univ.

1. Individual Differences

2. Tense, Anxious, Restless (Contact Lenses, Needs, Beliefs, Control)

3. Skill & Experience of the Therapist

4. Personality of the Therapist

5. Culture


Suggestibility1
Suggestibility labs, Stanford Univ.

6. Education

7. Degree of Sophistication of the Patient

8. Unconscious Defense Mechanisms (well adjusted emotionally)

9. Fatigue

10. Drugs


Suggestibility2
Suggestibility labs, Stanford Univ.

11. The Nature of the Suggestion

12. The State of Rapport

13. The Acceptance of Previous Suggestions

14. The Relative Difficulty of Acceptance of the Present Suggestion

15. Grading


The phenomena of hypnosis
The Phenomena of Hypnosis labs, Stanford Univ.

I. Increased Suggestibility

As they became more deeply hypnotized, they are able to accept more difficult suggestions.

e.g., move limbs, see things behave as if they were in imaginary situations


The phenomena of hypnosis1
The Phenomena of Hypnosis labs, Stanford Univ.

II. Secondary Phenomena

1. Hypnotic Rapport

He comes to a merge his identity with that of the hypnotist.

Automatic Obedience


The phenomena of hypnosis2
The Phenomena of Hypnosis labs, Stanford Univ.

2. Hypnotic Sleep

Induced by suggestions of relaxation and sleep

Hypnotic Sleep vs. Normal Sleep(EEG)

3. Amnesia

Spontaneous Amnesia vs. Suggested Amnesia


The phenomena of hypnosis3
The Phenomena of Hypnosis labs, Stanford Univ.

4. Regression

a. He is there. He sees only as an onlooker.

b. He relives it as an adult.

c. He relives the childhood experience as a child


The phenomena of hypnosis4
The Phenomena of Hypnosis labs, Stanford Univ.

5. Failure of Repression

Patchy & incomplete

Failure of repression can also be aided by suggesting to the patient that he can now remember incidents in the past.


The phenomena of hypnosis5
The Phenomena of Hypnosis labs, Stanford Univ.

6. Hysteroid Behavior

The patient may carry out suggestions in an extremely exaggerated fashion. (lacks naturalness)


The phenomena of hypnosis6
The Phenomena of Hypnosis labs, Stanford Univ.

7. Unconscious Limitation

The hypnotized patient tends to behave in a way in which he believes a hypnotized person does behave.

Patient’s sophistication and culture background

Reincarnation


The phenomena of hypnosis7
The Phenomena of Hypnosis labs, Stanford Univ.

8. Hallucinatory Phenomena

spontaneous vs. direct suggestion

9. Post-hypnotic Suggestion

The hypnotized subject is given a suggestion to be carried out at some time after he has awakened from hypnosis.


The phenomena of hypnosis8
The Phenomena of Hypnosis labs, Stanford Univ.

10. Nonverbal Communication

a. Communication of Attitude

authoritative attitude vs. passive

b. Primitive Communication

hypnosis can be induced in most normal people, love & hate


The phenomena of hypnosis9
The Phenomena of Hypnosis labs, Stanford Univ.

c. Gesture

Arm Levitation

d. Symbolic Behavior

Eye Contact

e. Communication by Behavior

Physical Distance - Emotional Distance

adjusting the blanket


The state of the art of clinical hypnosis
The State of the Art of Clinical Hypnosis labs, Stanford Univ.

  • It is a child of both the science and art of helping professions.

  • In The Past: the regressive, uncovering, and abrasive aspects of hypnosis.

  • “Doing something”to them

  • Archeology


Clinical hypnosis
Clinical Hypnosis labs, Stanford Univ.

  • The contemporary practice: adaptation, problem solving, enhanced coping capacities, and mastery.

  • “Do something” for themselves

  • Architecture


Hypnotizability
Hypnotizability labs, Stanford Univ.

  • The ability to absorb oneself in fantasy

  • The ability to become deeply immersed in reading, music or whatnot.

  • Have a rich fantasy life from childhood onward


Hypnotizability1
Hypnotizability labs, Stanford Univ.

  • The ability to focus attention and to concentrate

  • An openness to new experience

  • A willingness to comply with suggestions

  • Hypnosis is a technique, like using a stethoscope, and what you do with it is more important than the routine skill.


Mechanisms of hypnosis
Mechanisms of Hypnosis labs, Stanford Univ.

  • The muscular action is controlled psychologically e.g., the gradual lowering or raising of the arm in response to hypnotic suggestion


Mechanisms of hypnosis1
Mechanisms of Hypnosis labs, Stanford Univ.

  • Hallucination

    • Positive Hallucination: You see something that isn’t there

    • Negative Hallucination: You don’t see something that is there

  • Activities, acts of the imagination, seem effortless


Mechanisms of hypnosis2
Mechanisms of Hypnosis labs, Stanford Univ.

  • Can an hypnotized person be induced to commit a crime?

    • No, not unless you’re a criminal to start with.

  • Nobody can be hypnotized against his/her will.


Relaxation
Relaxation labs, Stanford Univ.

  • Breathe Slowly and Deeply

  • Relax all your muscles


Guided imagery
Guided Imagery labs, Stanford Univ.

  • Use Your Imagination

  • Follow the Suggestions

  • Don’t Question and Evaluate Any Statement

  • You will Hear Nothing But My Voice

  • Analogy


Smoking
Smoking labs, Stanford Univ.

  • You can live comfortable without smoking

  • You will feel good when you stop smoking

  • You will breathe freely

  • You will enjoy the clear and fresh air

  • You don’t see the light of your cigarettes

  • You have 100% control of your thoughts

  • When the Mind talks, your body listens.


Silk pots
Silk + POTS labs, Stanford Univ.


When your mind talks your body listens
When Your labs, Stanford Univ.MIND Talks,Your BODY Listens.


You can t change people people can change when they want to change
You Can’t Change People. labs, Stanford Univ.People Can Change, WhenThey Want to Change


The pygmalion effect your expectations are the key to other people s performance and development
The Pygmalion Effect: labs, Stanford Univ.Your Expectations Are TheKey To Other People’sPerformance AndDevelopment


The galatea effect people s self expectation will help them achieve their own goals
The Galatea Effect: labs, Stanford Univ.People’s Self-ExpectationWill Help Them AchieveTheir Own Goals.


Goal setting and personal achievement the power of relaxation and suggestion hypnosis

In George Bernard Shaw’s Pygmalion, labs, Stanford Univ.Eliza Doolittle Explains:“The difference between a lady and a flower girl is not how she behaves but how she is treated.”J. Sterling Livingston (1988) Harvard Business Review“Enthusiasm and apathy--both are infectious.”


You can do it
You Can Do It. labs, Stanford Univ.


Thank you
Thank You labs, Stanford Univ.


Mechanisms of hypnosis3
Mechanisms of hypnosis labs, Stanford Univ.

  • Hypnosis can strengthen the will in a beneficial way.

  • The use of self-hypnosis is therapeutically very valuable.


Secrets of a modern mesmer
Secrets of a modern Mesmer labs, Stanford Univ.

  • Coleman, D, (1977). Secrets of a modern Mesmer. Psychology Today, 11 (2), 62- 66.

  • I can tell your unconscious mind…that you are an excellent hypnotic subject.

  • You’re close enough to me for your unconscious mind to hear me.


Secrets of a modern mesmer1
Secrets of a modern Mesmer labs, Stanford Univ.

  • Your conscious mind can do anything it wishes. All that is important is for the unconscious mind to pay attention.


Secrets of a modern mesmer2
Secrets of a modern Mesmer labs, Stanford Univ.

  • While I’ve been talking to you, your blood pressure has altered, your heart rate has altered, your respiration has altered. Your muscle tone has changed, your motor reflexes have changed. And now just close your eyes and experience the sense of inner comfort.


Secrets of a modern mesmer3
Secrets of a modern Mesmer labs, Stanford Univ.

  • Just enjoy that comfort. There is nothing you need to do consciously, your unconscious knows what to do without your conscious mind knowing, and it doesn’t need to share anything with your conscious mind.


Ten devices that almost instantly hypnotize
Ten Devices That Almost Instantly Hypnotize labs, Stanford Univ.

  • By Professor Lawrence Powers

    1. Be prepared

    Food that is hard to digest, alcohol and tobacco should be avoided. Stay in good physical condition and sleeping well facilitate the practice of hypnotism.

    2. Develop the Intensity of YOUR Gaze


Ten devices that almost instantly hypnotize1
Ten Devices That Almost Instantly Hypnotize labs, Stanford Univ.

3. Practice Autosuggestion

I feel my own will grow stronger and stronger. No one can resist the power of my gaze.

4. Build up Your Energy

Breath Calmly


Ten devices that almost instantly hypnotize2
Ten Devices That Almost Instantly Hypnotize labs, Stanford Univ.

5. How to Hypnotize Easily

Hold it high enough from his forehead

6. Reinforce the Effect Through Suggestion Keep your eyes focused on the center of this design. Nothing else exists.

7. Rotate the Design


Ten devices that almost instantly hypnotize3
Ten Devices That Almost Instantly Hypnotize labs, Stanford Univ.

8. Utilize the “Mirror Effect”

9. Devices for Developing a Potent Gaze

Focus on the point: Precisely between the eyes

10. Point your fingers toward the subject. The cumulative effect of gaze, magnetism, hypnotic designs, voice and gestures