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Hypnosis Created by Toma Vasilevskytė
Content • History of hypnosis • Definition of hypnosis • Process of hypnosis • Uses of hypnosis • Capability to be hypnotized • Theories of hypnosis • Stages of hypnosis • Social constructionism
History of hypnosis • The Hindus of India claim that they started hypnosis method and used it as a cure for health. • The first recognizable practitioner of hypnosis was Franz Anton Mesmer • The main hypnosis discoveries came in 1842 when James Braid started to learn more about its effects.
Definition of hypnosis • Hypnosis is a trance-like state in which a person becomes more aware and focused and is more open to suggestion. It is induced by other person. A state in which one can access creativity, retrace certain inhibitions, reprogramme patterns and work with pain relief. • Being hypnotized is usually characterized by intense concentration,extreme relaxation, and high suggestibility.
Process of hypnosis • Person must be relaxed, agree to be hypnotized and use his full imagination. • The hypnotist must instill a person that he is getting tired and his eyes are getting heavier. • A person is asked concentrate his view on one thing and look carefully, in this way eyes’ muscles will get tired sooner.
Capability to be hypnotized People who can’t be hypnotized: • People who don’t want to be hypnotized • Children, mental patients • People with poor intellect Other people more or less are capable to be hypnotized
People whose imagination is very big is more open to hypnosis. Stenford’s scale is used to evaluate persons capability to be hypnotized. A hypnotist tells person to swing and according to it’s intensity we can say weather he is deep or low hypnotised.
Uses of hypnosis • To cure allergy • To eliminate addictions • To drop various fears • Sometimes in court • Helps to relax • Find some points about ones past • Free of physical pain.
Theories of hypnosis • Social constructionism and role-playing theory • Dissociation and neodissociation theories • Neuropsychological theory of hypnosis • Hypnosis as a conditioned process leading to sleep • Hyper–suggestibility theory • Informational theory • Systems theory
Social constructionism • Robert Baker claim that what we call hypnosis is actually a form of learned social behavior. • People just behave the way they imagine a hypnotized person would act
references • http://www.hypnosis.com/ (The cultural origins of the concept of hypnosis, unknown author , 2007-10-28) • http://skepdic.com/hypnosis.html (Spanos, Nicholas , hypnosis 2007-10-28) • http://www.lizdas.lt/skeptic/hipnoze/hipnoze.htm (skeptic, hipnozė, 2007-10-28) • http://www.soften.ktu.lt/~tomablaz/azina/index.php?akcija=klatsas&tema=2&KL_KODAS=48 (Kas tai yra hipnozė? Ar ji kenkia žmogui? Ka žmogus jaučia hipnozės metu?, 2007-10-28)