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Rakovski National Defence AcademyDefence Advanced Research Institute Human Dimension of Science and Technology Cooperation in NATO – Bulgarian Viewpoint Capt (N) Prof. Yantsislav Yanakiev, D.Sc. Col Assoc. Prof. Zaharin Markov, PhD UNCLASSIFIED
The Idea of “Smart Defence” • Smart defence covers any, or every, phase of Capabilitydevelopment– from research and development, to production, procurement, maintenance and training. • “Nations will be able to provide capabilities Togetherthat they can’t Affordto provide alone. It is important for NATO to have the Rightcapabilities and the key is not ownership – the key is Availability.” (Smart Defence – Smart Trans-Atlantic Defnce Technological & Industrial Cooperation, 14 October, 2011, Brussels) UNCLASSIFIED
Smart Defence in a Nutshell (Work Smarter not Harder) • HAVING THE RIGHT PEOPLE–properly educated and trained; • DOING THE RIGHT THING– individual performance; • WORKING TOGETHER– collaboration and coherence of effort (being effective as organization); • GETTING THE RIGHT RESULT(being efficient) – available, affordable, applicable capabilities. UNCLASSIFIED
Smart Defense: Human Dimension Main focus of the paper:Human dimension of smart defense which is related to several core elements of Defense Capabilities Transformation (Organization, Training, Leadership Development and Personnel). Levels of analysis: • Individual performance; • Organizational effectiveness; • Collaboration and coherence among nations. Empirical Data Sources:NATO Research and Technology Organization HFM 163/ Task Group “Improving Organizational Effectiveness of Coalition Operations”. UNCLASSIFIED
Human dimension: shortfalls identified at individual level • Task orientationvs. the need to spend time building and maintaining relationships; • Uncertainty overcoming (cognitive culturally based biases in need for information to take decision); • Culture of fear for making incorrect decision. • Different leadership styles(direct vs. indirect); • Language barrier – oral and written communication; • Lack of cultural awareness training and Cross-Cultural Competencies. UNCLASSIFIED
Human dimension: shortfalls identified at organizational level • Divergences in decision-making processes(decentralization of decision-making vs. centralized); • Lack of effective and timely sharing of information; • Lack of shared awareness of tasks and responsibilities; • Lack of organizational knowledge (lessons learned are not systematically passed on); • Lack of adequate manning (to put proper people to proper positions); • Lack of diversity management programmes and policies. UNCLASSIFIED
Human dimension: shortfalls identified in collaboration and coherence among nations • The process of Information sharingchallenges Trust among coalition partners; • Nation-Centric politics result in restrictive caveats; • Lack of a comprehensive approach to doctrines & concepts; • Capabilities & technological gap: (Lack of technological interoperability in national systems which hampers information sharing); • Educational & Training challenges(Different national and NATO education and training systems; Lack of NATO pre-deployment training). UNCLASSIFIED
Possible Solutions in the Framework of S&T Cooperation in NATO • Development of joint research activities in NATO framework is the right way to streamline the Bulgarian R&D institutions, in order to have access to the best available information and advice and thus to support national decision making; • Despite limited resources, we should be proactive and take leadershipin joint projects on prioritized topics where Bulgaria can provide expertise for the Alliance. UNCLASSIFIED
Human Dimension of S&T Cooperation in NATO – Bulgarian Viewpoint Priority Areas: • Human performance improvement in military operations - one of the basic NATO Long Term Capability Requirements; • Enhanced human interoperability; • Leader and team adaptability in multinational coalitions; • Improving organizational effectiveness of coalition HQs. • Individual, Team and Organizational Trust Building; • Cross Cultural Competencies Building and Development. UNCLASSIFIED
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