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REG WALTERS

REG WALTERS

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REG WALTERS

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  1. REG WALTERS Board Member & Managing Director SQC Pty Ltd SQC

  2. The Fuel Crisis And Renewable Hydrocarbon Fuels SQC

  3. The Status of Oil Supply And Demand Worldwide • Total world oil reserves known – except Antarctica • World consumption (Fuel and Feedstock) – 10 millionTonnes/Day • Upward price trend – nudging $US70 barrel • Petrol price predicted $A2 per L by 2010 • Serious shortage of liquid fuels by 2045-2050 SQC

  4. Upward Trend of Oil PricesReasons • Oil is a Finite Resource • Political Instability of some oil producing Countries • Artificial price maintenance by OPEC • Cost and Acceptability of Alternate Sources of Oil and/or Alternate Energy • Global Warming and Climate Change SQC

  5. Oil Supply and Transport • Transport Sector will Feel Effects of Reduced Fossil Fuel Supply First • How Viable are Alternatives to Fossil Fuels? Hybrid cars, H2 Power, Fuel Cell • Dwindling Supply – Previously Uneconomic Sources of Fossil Fuels Viable SQC

  6. Oil Pumping Derricks-Los Angelis SQC

  7. After Campbell

  8. After Campbell

  9. After Campbell

  10. After Campbell

  11. Annual Oil Production- 1930-2050 After Campbell

  12. Major Oil Reserves After Campbell

  13. World Oil Reserves After Campbell

  14. After Campbell

  15. After Campbell

  16. After Campbell

  17. After Campbell

  18. Short Term Alternatives to Fossil Fuel • Ethanol – for Addition • Biodiesel – From Recyclables such as restaurant wastes, Tallow, Plastic Wastes (bags) etc • Biodiesel - From Renewable Sources such as – Canola and other plant materials • Algae Australia uses 14 billion litres of diesel per annum SQC

  19. Algae as Producers of Renewable Hydrocarbons • Algae are chlorophyll containing plants • Harness the sun’s energy using photosynthesis • Use CO2 for cellular materials and Growth and Reproduction - releasing O2 • Some Also Deposit Hydrocarbons in the cell • Botryococcus - widespread in freshwater SQC

  20. Darwin Reservoir NT - 1976 After Hillen

  21. After Hillen

  22. Botryococcus SQC

  23. Botryococcus After Qin

  24. Botryococcus After Hillen

  25. Taxonomy Phylum: Chlorophyta (green algae) Class: Chlorophyceae Order: Tetrasporales Family: Dictyosphaeriaceae Genus:Botryococcus Species:braunii Referred to as Botryococcus brauniior Bb

  26. B: cell arrangementC: single cell and colonyD: net shaped colony E:single cellF: single cell G:funnel shaped cup harbours oilH: single cell and colony sheetsI: a view of cross cut Morphology of Bb After Qin

  27. Electron micrograph of Bb

  28. Biology of Bb • Hydrocarbon content: 30-86% dry weight - General FormulaCnH2n-10 • Biomass doubling time: 3.5 d After Qin

  29. Physiology of Bb • Young algae: green(less oil)Producing straight chain olefin hydrocarbon (C23 – C31) • Old algae: brown or red(more oil)Producing both straight and branched chain olefin hydrocarbon (C30 – C37) After Qin

  30. Green Lake, Vic After Hillen

  31. Devilbend Reservoir After Hillen

  32. Shoreline Accumulation NT After Hillen

  33. After Hillen

  34. After Hillen

  35. Problems in Water Supplies After Hillen

  36. Dessiccated Coorangite After Hillen

  37. RIRDC Research Grant – 2003/4 The impacts of temperature, light and salinity on the growth of oil-rich green alga Botryococcus braunii SQC

  38. Research Objectives Objectives • To Understand and Determine the • Environmental Tolerance • To Demonstrate a Successful Culture Method • To Examine the Link Between Oil Content and Dominant Environmental Factors Botryococcus braunii SQC

  39. Strains of B. braunii for research. China 1 strain China 2 strain CCAP 1 strain CCAP 2 strain NIES strain After Qin

  40. AusIndustry REDI Grant 2006-08 Scale up and Trial the Production of Biohydrocarbons from Botryococcus braunii for Commercialisation SQC

  41. Benefits of Renewable Biodiesel from Bb • A Renewable, Sustainable Fuel • Economic Gain for Australia Through: • Import Replacement • Carbon Credits • A profitable business with high product demand SQC

  42. Thank you for having me! SQC