It’s the study of “myths”. What is Mythology?. Myths attempt to Explain: . a. Nature Where did earth come from? Heavens Sun, moon, stars, comets, clouds, storms, thunder, lightning Seasons Climate, rain, fertility, agriculture Geography Oceans, mountains, forests, rivers, .
Roman mythology is largely based on Greek mythology, with many of the names and stories changed to fit Roman values and needs; however, the universe and hierarchy of the gods is quite similar
Months of the year (March= Mars) Birds (Phaethon)
For more information, click on the individual deities in this group portrait of THE OLYMPIANS. These twelve immortals dwelt in a magnificent palace on the heights of Mount Olympus, from which they took their name.
DIONYSUS (dye-oh-NYE-sus; Roman name Bacchus) was the god of wine. Dionysus was the son of Zeus and the mortal heroine Semele. Dionysus rescued Ariadne after she had been abandoned by Theseus. Dionysus also saved his mother from the Underworld, after Zeus showed her his true nature as storm god and consumed her in lightning. It was Dionysus who granted Midas the power to turn whatever he touched into gold, then was kind enough to take the power back when it proved inconvenient.
The Roman god Mars, with whom Ares was identified, was the father of Romulus and Remus, the mythological founders of Rome. Thus he was more important to the Romans than his Greek counterpart. He was also more dignified.