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ROCHESTER COMMUNITY END-OF-LIFE SURVEY REPORT January 2001 RIPA / BLUE CROSS END-OF-LIFE / PALLIATIVE CARE PROFESSIONAL ADVISORY COMMITTEE Members of the RIPA/BCBSRA Professional Advisory Committee Howard Beckman , M.D., Medical Director, RIPA, Committee Chair

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rochester community end of life survey report january 2001
ROCHESTER COMMUNITYEND-OF-LIFE SURVEY REPORTJanuary 2001

RIPA / BLUE CROSS

END-OF-LIFE / PALLIATIVE CARE

PROFESSIONAL ADVISORY COMMITTEE

members of the ripa bcbsra professional advisory committee
Members of the RIPA/BCBSRA Professional Advisory Committee

Howard Beckman, M.D., Medical Director, RIPA, Committee Chair

 Judith Gedney Baggs, Ph.D., R.N., Associate Professor University of Rochester School of Nursing and School of Medicine and Dentistry

Edgar Black, M.D., Chief Medical Officer, BCBSRA

Patricia Bomba, M.D., Excellus Medical Director, Geriatrics,

Patricia Heffernan, C.S.W., VP, Genesee Region Home Care

Robert McCann, M.D., Chief, Department of Medicine, Highland Hospital

Kathy McGrail, M.D., Medical Director, VNS Hospice

Nancy Pictor, RN, RIPA Special Project Staff

Timothy Quill, M.D., Director of Program for Bio-Pyschosocial Studies at the University of Rochester

Bernard Shore, M.D., Medical Director, Jewish Home of Rochester

Julia Smith, M.D., Oncologist and Director, Palliative Care Unit, Genesee Hospital

Rocco Vivenzio, M.D., Geriatrician and Board member, RIPA.

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ROCHESTER COMMUNITYEND-OF-LIFE SURVEY REPORTJanuary 2001
  • Are Advance Directives solicited on admission to your facility? If so, what percentage of patients had advance directives in their records?
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ROCHESTER COMMUNITYEND-OF-LIFE SURVEY REPORTJanuary 2001
  • What percent of residents/ clients/patients have living wills, durable power of attorney, DNR orders, or health care proxy?
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ROCHESTER COMMUNITYEND-OF-LIFE SURVEY REPORTJanuary 2001
  • What percentage of patients with cancer, heart failure, COPD/emphysema or dementia has an Advance Directive or a DNR order in place? (Home Care and Hospice only)
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ROCHESTER COMMUNITYEND-OF-LIFE SURVEY REPORTJanuary 2001
  • Do your disease management pathways for cancer, heart failure, COPD/ emphysema and dementia include a discussion of advance care planning?
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ROCHESTER COMMUNITYEND-OF-LIFE SURVEY REPORTJanuary 2001
  • Is pain recorded as a vital sign by nurses/aides in your institution?
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ROCHESTER COMMUNITYEND-OF-LIFE SURVEY REPORTJanuary 2001
  • What percent of hospice patients die within 7 days of referral to the program?
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ROCHESTER COMMUNITYEND-OF-LIFE SURVEY REPORTJanuary 2001
  • What is the average length of stay for hospice patients referred from hospitals, home care, doctor’s offices, and skilled nursing facilities?
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ROCHESTER COMMUNITYEND-OF-LIFE SURVEY REPORTJanuary 2001
  • What percent of opioid prescriptions are for long acting preparations?
qualitative assessment of comments from snf s
Qualitative Assessment of Commentsfrom SNF’s
  • Communication between staff and residents/families is time-consuming and difficult.
  • Many residents and families do not understand Advance Directives.
  • Many residents and families deny the need to make end-of-life decisions.
  • The lack of discussion between a resident and his/her proxy resulted in conflicts for care providers regarding the resident’s expressed wishes and those of the designated proxy.
  • Clarity between resident, family, proxy, and staff results in following resident’s wishes, which increases staff’s professional satisfaction.
questions for group experts
Questions for Group & Experts
  • What should our benchmark be for % of patients admitted to a facility with an AD?
  • What comprehensive AD forms are available? How can we adopt a community standard and assure all will accept it?
  • What are reasonable benchmarks for the % of patients who die within 7 days of referral to hospice?
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ROCHESTER COMMUNITYEND-OF-LIFE SURVEY REPORTJanuary 2001
  • Assuring that a greater percentage of patients, especially patients with chronic debilitating illnesses, understand, complete, and use Advance Directives.
  • Once completed, health care institutions must ensure their availability and commit to honoring them.
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ROCHESTER COMMUNITYEND-OF-LIFE SURVEY REPORTJanuary 2001
  • Promoting earlier hospice referrals for terminally ill patients so that the social, spiritual, and psychological components of suffering can be addressed.
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ROCHESTER COMMUNITYEND-OF-LIFE SURVEY REPORTJanuary 2001
  • Establishing comprehensive pain assessment and treatment standards at all facilities and agencies.
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ROCHESTER COMMUNITYEND-OF-LIFE SURVEY REPORTJanuary 2001
  • Encouraging health care institutions to set performance goals and track basic statistics regarding end-of-life care
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ROCHESTER COMMUNITYEND-OF-LIFE SURVEY REPORTJanuary 2001

Advance Directives

  • Offer multiple professional and lay presentations on Advance Directives.
  • Promote universal acceptance of an Advance Directive form, which, once completed, would be honored at all community facilities.
  • Establish community standards and basic measures that should be tracked at all health care institutions.
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ROCHESTER COMMUNITYEND-OF-LIFE SURVEY REPORTJanuary 2001

Advance Directives (continued)

  • Share resource materials that assist with the discussion of Advance Directives.
  • Recommend Advance Care Directives prompts on all Rochester Health Commission guidelines and site-specific chronic disease pathways.
  • Clarify, then educate primary care physicians about reimbursement options for discussing Advance Directives with patients.
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ROCHESTER COMMUNITYEND-OF-LIFE SURVEY REPORTJanuary 2001

Hospice Referrals

  • Educate professionals and case managers regarding symptom indicators in chronic illness that predict a six-month or less prognosis.
  • Recommend inclusion of hospice referral prompts as appropriate in disease management and home care agency pathways.
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ROCHESTER COMMUNITYEND-OF-LIFE SURVEY REPORTJanuary 2001

Hospice Referrals (continued)

  • Encourage earlier referrals to hospice, thereby decreasing the percentage of patients dying within seven days of admission to hospice.
  • Provide feedback to facilities regarding hospice referral patterns on a quarterly basis (hospitals, home care agencies, skilled nursing facilities, and physician organizations).
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ROCHESTER COMMUNITYEND-OF-LIFE SURVEY REPORTJanuary 2001

Evaluation and Management

of Pain & Other Symptoms

  • Recommend standards for routine pain assessment and management for all facilities. Distribute examples of “best practice” policies.
  • Report opioid usage patterns per disease for the Rochester Community.
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ROCHESTER COMMUNITYEND-OF-LIFE SURVEY REPORTJanuary 2001
  • Establish a mechanism of reimbursement for certified palliative care specialists to provide consultations at all area hospitals, hospice programs, home care agencies, and skilled nursing facilities by 6/30/01.