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PRECISION FARMING IN MEXICO. By. Cesar Galaviz. Soil 4213. INTRODUCTION GIS became important in Mexican agriculture because of need to inform to decision makers of the agricultural sector about the predicting volumes of the crop production.

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slide1

PRECISION FARMING IN MEXICO

By

Cesar Galaviz

Soil 4213

slide2

INTRODUCTION

  • GIS became important in Mexican agriculture because of
  • need to inform to decision makers of the agricultural sector
  • about the predicting volumes of the crop production.
  • INIFAP and CIMMYT are the two most important organizations
  • that are actually putting in practice GIS in Mexican agriculture
  • with productive results to the sector.
slide3

NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF AGRICULTURAL,

FORESTRY AND LIVESTOCK INVESTIGATIONS

slide4

MISION

Generate scientific knowledge and innovative technologies

and promote them, considering a focus of productive chains which must

integrate the primary producer and the final consumer for the

development of the agricultural sector in Mexico.

GENERAL STRUCTURE

6 National investigation centers

81 Experimental fields

slide5

NATIONAL PROGRAM FOR THE PREDICTION

OF CROPS

The program develops activities for monitoring

crops and agro climatic information at national scale.

It also determines the health condition of the crops

through satellite images with the goal of creating

simulation models of vegetative growth that

estimate the crop yield.

This information allows to anticipate the deficits and excesses in the

production of basic grains with the purpose of fortify the decision-

making of Mexican agriculture

slide6

GENERAL INFORMATION

  • Dr. Mario Tiscareno Lopez, national leader of the program.
  • 25 researchers participate gathering information from the the
  • different experimental fields of the INIFAP (crop-monitoring and
  • agro climatic data).
  • Corn, sorghum, wheat, and barley for temporal and irrigated land.
  • Phenomenon “El Nino” permitted important climatic information and
  • the impact to the crops at his appearance in 1997-98. This information
  • was provided in collaboration with Texas A&M, and Florida State
  • University by the financial support of INIFAP, NOAA and NASA.
slide7

What is CIMMYT?

  • Conduct research on maize and wheat to help people overcome
  • hunger and to grow crops without harming the environment.
  • Works with research partners worldwide.
  • Work concentrated in developing countries.
  • Headquarters in Mexico with 17 regional offices.
  • Non-profit organization.
slide8

GOAL

  • Improve the lives of the world’s poor by developing maize and wheat
  • seed that yields well and resists diseases, insects and other stresses
  • that harm maize and wheat in developing countries.
  • What does CIMMYT Do?
  • Hold maize and wheat genetic resources (seed from all over the world)
  • Develop techniques to protect the natural resources.
  • Generate and distribute new knowledge about maize and wheat.
  • Develop more effective methods for conducting research on maize
  • and wheat.
  • Offer many kinds of training to researchers from developing countries.
  • Offer consulting on technical issues, to share knowledge on the latest
  • research problems and solutions.
slide9

COUNTRY ALMANACS:

Moving GIS into the Mainstream of Agriculture and Natural

Resource Management

  • GIS offers powerful tools for management and
  • analyzing spatial information to assist in agricul-
  • tural development and natural resource management.
  • Almanacs provide readily and accessible tools and
  • data for characterizing and analyzing geographic
  • variation in relation to agricultural concerns.
  • Provides tools for users who are not GIS specialists
  • researches, policy makers, and administrators have
  • immediate access to GIS information.
slide10

What Almanacs Do?

  • Provides data on climate, topography, land use, human population
  • density, and other features on CD–ROM.
  • The “site similarity” tools provides a powerful mechanism for
  • identifying regions with characteristics similar to a specific site.
  • The software shell has additional non-GIS tools such a digital do-
  • cument library as well as on-line help for any questions.
  • Almanacs are available for many countries and more will be available
  • soon. Almanacs for the developing countries are distributed at no
  • charge.
slide11

Who Uses the Almanacs?

  • From a broad range of disciplines and management areas in
  • national and international research centers, universities and private
  • companies.
  • Breeders, agronomists, livestock specialists, and research managers.
  • Some Examples of Almanac Applications:
  • Examining and reproducing results of a major GIS-crop simulation
  • exercise that assessed the potential of conservation tillage in jalisco,
  • Mexico.
  • Training researchers in the potential uses of GIS.
slide12

CONCLUSION

  • Mexican agriculture with the rest of the developing countries
  • need to interact with the new technology that most advanced
  • countries had created and take advantage of it.
  • Organizations like INIFAP and CIMMYT play an important role
  • in the creation of new accessible technology for the development
  • of an advanced agriculture for developing countries. In this way
  • farmers will receive more benefits because they will be able to put
  • in the market quality products like developed countries do.

For More Information Visit:

www.inifap.conacyt.mx

www.cimmyt.org