slide1 l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 68

- PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 187 Views
  • Uploaded on

ATHLETIC MIRACLES OR MONEY PITS? “Athletic Supplements and Ergogenic Aids” KIM ARCHER M.ED. NUTRITION SPECIALIST SOUTHWEST REGION. Miracles or Money pits? Athletic Supplements or Ergogenic Aids. WHAT WE DO KNOW vs. WHAT WE DON’T KNOW. What We Do Know… “SUPPLEMENTS AND ERGOGENIC AIDS”.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about '' - paul2


Download Now An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
slide1

ATHLETIC MIRACLES OR MONEY PITS?

“Athletic Supplements and Ergogenic Aids”

KIM ARCHER M.ED.

NUTRITION SPECIALIST

SOUTHWEST REGION

miracles or money pits athletic supplements or ergogenic aids
Miracles or Money pits?Athletic Supplements or Ergogenic Aids

WHAT WE DO KNOW

vs.

WHAT WE DON’T KNOW

what we do know supplements and ergogenic aids
What We Do Know…“SUPPLEMENTS AND ERGOGENIC AIDS”

ATHLETES DO USE THEM

Nutrition Business Journal, 1999. estimated:

  • ~40, 000 “hard core” athletes spent ~$300/month on supplements or 11% of sales.
  • ~500,000 recreational athletes spend $80/mo on supplements or 43% of sales.

Melinda Manore Ph.D., R.D., FACSM Oregon State University

what we don t know
What We Don’t Know…
  • Research
  • Long Term Effects
  • Why hard work doesn’t pay off?

“The only place success comes in the

before work is in the dictionary.”

--Vidal Sasson

explain supplements
Explain Supplements…
  • Definition:

ANY PRODUCT INTENDED FOR INGESTION AS A SUPPLEMENT TO THE DIET.

  • Regulation Standards

FDA MUST PROVE PRODUCT IS SAFE OR UNSAFE.

explain ergogenic aids
Explain Ergogenic Aids…
  • Definition:

SUPPLEMENT MARKETED TO ENHANCE PERFORMANCE GENERALLY SPORTS RELATED.

  • Regulation Standards:

FDA MUST PROVE PRODUCT IS SAFE OR UNSAFE.

relationship to exercise
Relationship to Exercise
  • EXERCISE

=

SUPPLEMENTS

ERGOGENIC AIDS

questions to ask
Questions To Ask?
  • Who needs to supplement?
  • When do you recommend a supplement?
  • How much do I need?
  • What do you recommend?
  • Can you get too much?
top ten list
“Top Ten List”
  • Popular Supplements/Ergogenic Aids
  • Vitamins and Mineral Supplements
  • Many, many, more

“If you train hard, you’ll not only be

hard, you’ll be hard to beat.”

--Herchel Walker

1 androstendione andro
#1-Androstendione“ANDRO”

What is it?

  • Steroid Secreted by Adrenal Glands (W/DHEA)
  • Building Block for Test./Estrogen
  • Associated with Masculinity
  • Sold in Capsules
  • Food Sources: None
  • Banned: IOC, USOC, NCAA, NFL
1 androstendione claims
#1-AndrostendioneCLAIMS
  • Increase Energy
  • Enhance Recovery
  • Increase Muscle Mass/Growth =

Testosterone Production

  • Increase Sexual Arousal
  • Increase Sense of Well Being
1 androstendione research
#1-AndrostendioneRESEARCH
  • Study #1
        • UNTRAINED MALE SUBJECTS (8 WEEKS)
        • NO SIGNIFICANT INCREASE
        • NO AFFECT ON MUSCLE SIZE/STRENGTH OR BODY COMPOSITION
  • Study #2
        • 8 MALE SUBJECTS
        • INCREASE IN BLOOD TESTOSTERONE
        • NO AFFECT ON MUSCLE SIZE/STRENGTH OR BODY COMPOSITION
        • USED TO SUPPORT MARKETING CLAIM

*NO EVIDENCE OF ENHANCED RECOVERY OR IMPROVED LIBIDO

1 androstendione side effects
Testicular atrophy

Breast development

Infertility

Acne

Baldness

Clitoral enlargement

Voice changes

Premature bone closure

Prostate Cancer

Breast Cancer

Early puberty

Emotional outburst

Growth stunting

Interfere with natural production

Decrease HDL production

#1-AndrostendioneSIDE EFFECTS
2 dhea
#2-DHEA

What is it?

  • Produced by the Adrenal Gland
  • Building Block for Test/Estrogen
  • Female form of Andro
  • Peaks Levels 20-30 years
  • ? Role with Disease and Health
  • Capsules/Tablets: 150 mg
  • Food Source: None
  • Banned: USOC, NCAA, and NFL
2 dhea claims
#2-DHEACLAIMS
  • Eternal Youth
  • Enhances Immune System
  • Disease Fighter
  • Weight Loss Aid
  • Increases Muscle Mass
  • Increases Energy
  • Increases Libido
  • Counteracts Stress
2 dhea research
#2-DHEARESEARCH
  • Age
  • Memory, Libido, and Mood
  • Immunity
  • Cardiovascular Diseases
  • Cancer
  • Lupus
  • AIDS/HIV Infections
  • Body Composition
2 dhea side effects
Long-term unknown

Alter levels of hormones

Facial hair

Acne

Baldness

Deepening of voice

Menstrual irregularities

Prostate cancer

Breast cancer

Endometrial cancer

#2-DHEASIDE EFFECTS
3 bc amino acids
#3-BC Amino Acids

What is it?

  • Essential Amino Acids
  • Compete with Tryptophan
  • Delay CNS Fatigue
  • BCAA  During Endurance Exercise
  • Pills/Sport Drinks: 7g to 20 g per serving/1 to 7 g/l.
  • Food Sources: chicken, beef, shrimp, yogurt, egg, oatmeal, pinto beans
  • Banned: NONE
3 bc amino acids claims
#3-BC Amino AcidsCLAIMS
  • Improves Exercise Performance
  • Builds Muscle
  • Prevents Fatigue
3 bc amino acids research
#3-BC Amino AcidsRESEARCH
  • Exercise Performance
  • Protein Loss During Exercise
  • Abdominal Fat
3 bc amino acids side effects safety
#3-BC Amino AcidsSIDE EFFECTS/SAFETY
  • Long-Term Studies
  • No Cases of Toxicity
  • Ammonia Toxicity
  • Impair Water Absorption
4 creatine
#4-Creatine

What is it?

  • Creatine + ATP = ST Energy
  • Synthesized from AA in the Liver, Pancreas, and Kidneys 1 g/day.
  • Pills, Powders, Liquids, Chewing Gum, and Gels: 20 – 25 g/day—loading 2 –5 g/day
  • Food Sources: pork, salmon, beef, cod, milk, herring
  • Banned: NCAA RestrictS Distribution
4 creatine claims
#4-CreatineCLAIMS
  • Increase Muscular strength
  • Delays fatigue
  • Burn Fat
  • Increase Muscle Mass
  • Strength for Special populations
4 creatine research
#4-CreatineRESEARCH
  • High Intensity Exercise
  • Body Composition
  • Elderly
  • Muscular Disease
  • Congestive Heart Failure
4 creatine side effects safety
Stress on liver and kidneys?

Muscle cramps

Muscle pulls

Tendon pulls

Muscle injuries

Delay recovery from injury

Dehydration

Gastro Problems

Weight Gain

Weight controlled sports

Endurance sports

Long – term effects?

Renal disease—avoid

#4-CreatineSIDE EFFECTS/SAFETY
5 vanadyl sulfate
#5-Vanadyl Sulfate

What is it?

  • Vanadium = Trace Mineral
  • Role Not Defined
  • Goats and Rats
  • Facilitate Glucose Uptake
  • Diabetes Management
  • Capsule: 7 – 15 mg
  • Food Source: shellfish, parsley, mushrooms, dill seed, and wine.
  • Banned: None
5 vanadyl sulfate claims
#5-Vanadyl SulfateCLAIMS
  • Reduces Need for Insulin
  • Creates Pumped Appearance
  • Increases Muscle Mass
  • Increases Muscular Strength
5 vanadyl sulfate research
#5-Vanadyl SulfateRESEARCH
  • Diabetes
  • Weight Training
5 vanadyl sulfate side effects safety
#5-Vanadyl SulfateSIDE EFFECTS/SAFETY
  • Potential Toxicity
  • Diarrhea
  • Green tongue
  • Gastrointestinal Disturbances
  • Muscle Cramps
6 chromium picolonate
#6-Chromium Picolonate

What it is?

  • Essential Trace Mineral
  • Metabolism—Fat/Protein/CHOs
  • Safest Nutrient—no toxicity
  • Tablet, Capsule, Gel: 50 – 600 mg dose
  • Food Source: broccoli, ham, potatoes, bagel, green beans, apple rice, turkey
  • Banned: None
6 chromium picolonate claims
#6-Chromium PicolonateCLAIMS
  • Daily Intake Need
  • Control Diabetes
  • Lowers Cholesterol
  • Eliminates Body Fat
  • Builds Muscle
  • Prevents Osteoporosis
6 chromium picolonate research
#6-Chromium PicolonateRESEARCH
  • Intake, Metabolism and Deficiency
  • Diabetes
  • CVD
  • Obesity
  • Strength Training and Body Mass
  • Bone Density
6 chromium picolonate side effects safety
#6-Chromium PicolonateSIDE EFFECTS/SAFETY
  • Increased Urinary Chromium Excretion
  • Dietary Intake
  • Weight Lose and Health Claims
  • Long Term Effects
  • Headaches, Sleep Disturbances, Mood Swings, Motor Function Perception
  • Hinder Iron Absorption??
7 tribulus terrestris
#7-Tribulus Terrestris

What is it?

  • Herb known as Puncture Vine
  • Increase Concentrations of Testosterone
  • No Standard Recommendation
  • Used with Other Supplements
  • Capsules
  • Banned: None
7 tribulus terrestris claims
#7-Tribulus TerrestrisCLAIMS
  • Increases Testosterone
  • Better Sex Life
  • Bigger Muscles
7 tribulus terrestris research
#7-Tribulus TerrestrisRESEARCH
  • No Peer – Reviewed Research
  • International Journal of Sports Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism Study
  • Animal Data
7 tribulus terrestris side effects safety
#7-Tribulus TerrestrisSIDE EFFECTS/SAFETY
  • Safety and Efficacy Data Needed
  • No Known Harmful Interactions
  • Upset Stomach
  • Animals--Staggers (Weakness of Hind limbs)
8 hmb
#8-HMB

What is it?

  • Metabolite of BCAA—Leucine
  • 5 - 10% of Leucine = HMB
  • 0.2 – 0.4 g HMB/day
  • Tablets, Capsules, Bars: Calcium-HMB
  • Food Source: catfish, squash, avocado, cauliflower, asparagus, cheese, grapefruits
  • Banned: None
8 hmb claims
#8-HMBCLAIMS
  • Increase Muscle Strength
  • Increases Lean Body Mass
  • Reduces Fat
  • Prevents Muscle Breakdown (Catabolism)
  • Speeds Up Muscle Repair
  • Decreases Blood Cholesterol Levels
8 hmb research
#8-HMBRESEARCH
  • Resistance Exercise
  • Endurance Exercise
  • No Long – Term Studies
  • Animal Studies
8 hmb side effects safety
#8-HMBSIDE EFFECTS/SAFETY
  • No Long – Term Studies
  • $$$--Found in Foods
  • No Adverse Effects
  • ? Help Trained Athletes
9 ephedrine ma haung and ephedra
#9-EphedrineMa Haung and Ephedra

What is it?

  • Herb from China
  • Nasal Decongestant—CNS Stimulant
  • Theory
  • Tablets, Capsules, Teas: 5 – 75 mg
  • Food Source: None
  • Banned: IOC and NCAA
9 ephedrine ma haung and ephedra claims
#9-EphedrineMa Haung and EphedraCLAIMS
  • Speeds Metabolism for Weight Loss
  • Improve Athletic Performance
  • Help for Asthma
  • Nasal Decongestant
  • Fast Acting Energy
  • Herbal Ecstasy
9 ephedrine ma haung and ephedra research
#9-EphedrineMa Haung and EphedraRESEARCH
  • Ephedra vs. Ephedrine
  • Ephedrine and Weight Loss

“Sweat plus sacrifice equals success.”

--Charlie Finley

9 ephedrine ma haung and ephedra side effects safety
Increased BP

Heart Rate Irregularities

Insomnia

Nervousness

Tremors

Headaches

Seizures

Heart Attacks

Strokes

Death

Improve Athletic Performance?

Weight Loss Safety?

Rec. Dose – 1 week

Doping Concerns

Drug-Like Effect

BANNED

#9-EphedrineMa Haung and EphedraSIDE EFFECTS/SAFETY
10 fat burners diet formulas
#10-Fat BurnersDiet Formulas

What is it?

  • Choline Bitartrate, Inositol, Lipotropic Vitamins, L-Carnitine, Methionine, Chromium
  • Green Tea, Ginger Root Cayenne Powder, Caffeine, Ginseng, Kola Nut, Ma Huang…
  • “Thermogenic”
  • Appetite Suppressant
  • Banned: None
10 fat burners diet formulas claims
#10-Fat BurnersDiet FormulasCLAIMS
  • Lose Weight, Lose Fat
  • Won’t be Hungry
  • Improve Athletic Performance
10 fat burners diet formulas research
#10-Fat BurnersDiet FormulasRESEARCH
  • Appetite Suppressant
  • Number of Ingredients
  • Long Term Study of Poor Diet
10 fat burners diet formulas side effects safety
#10-Fat BurnersDiet FormulasSIDE EFFECTS/SAFETY
  • Past Side Effects
  • Proper Food Choices
  • Research Claims
vitamins and mineral supplements
Vitamins and Mineral Supplements

Do they improve performance?

  • NO… in active individuals with “good” status.
  • At risk group:
    • Athletes consuming highly refined diets.
    • Athletes with low energy intakes due to dieting, eating disorders, or chronic energy restriction.
    • Athletes in thin – build sports
    • Athletes with metabolic issues
vitamins and mineral supplements54
Vitamins and Mineral Supplements

Does exercise increase the need?

  • YES…
    • B-Complex Vitamins
    • Iron
    • Antioxidants
    • Electrolytes

“The will to win is important, but the will to prepare is vital.” --Joe Paterno

vitamins and mineral supplements55
Vitamins and Mineral Supplements

Fitness Levels and Hours of Exercise

Per Week

Increased Nutrient Needs?

vitamins and mineral supplements56
Vitamins and Mineral Supplements

Can you get to much?

  • Problem Nutrients…
    • Zinc
    • Magnesium
    • Iron
    • B-6
    • Vit D
    • Vit A
    • Folate
vitamins and mineral supplements57
Vitamins and Mineral Supplements

Fortified Food and Supplements Intake

One Meal Plan

Breakfast:1 c. Total; 1 c milk, 1 Centrum Performance Supplement

Lunch: 11 oz Ultra Slim Fast

Snack: 1 Power Bar Essential

vitamins and mineral supplements58
Vitamins and Mineral Supplements

Fortified Food and Supplements Intake

One Meal Plan

playing by the rules
Playing By the Rules

Banned and Restricted Substances

  • National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA)
  • International Olympic Committee (IOC)
  • United State Olympic Committee
  • NFL, NBA, ABA, etc….
playing by the rules60
Playing By the Rules
  • Importance
  • www.drugfreesport.com

“The price of success is hard work, dedication to the job at hand, and the determination that whether we win or lose, we have applied the best of ourselves to the task at hand.” –Vince Lombardi

recommendation guidelines supplements and ergogenic aids
Recommendation GuidelinesSupplements and Ergogenic Aids
  • Is current dietary intake adequate?
  • Is there an indication of increased need?
  • Is the amount below toxic levels? Can product cause harm?
  • Does the athlete want to supplement?
  • What do they believe it will do for them?
  • Can I recommend an alternative substance or food?
recommendation guidelines supplements and ergogenic aids62
Recommendation GuidelinesSupplements and Ergogenic Aids
  • Is the athlete willing to make dietary changes to improve performance?
  • What is the cost of the product and is it a reputable manufacturer?
  • Are their any nutrient-nutrient or drug-nutrient interactions?
  • Are there ethical issues?
  • Is it banned or restricted by any credible organization?
coaching nutrition
Coaching Nutrition
  • Motives and Beliefs
  • Knowledge/Overall Diet
  • Know the Sport and Athlete
  • Updated Research/Media
  • Education Improves Performance
safe supplementing
Safe Supplementing
  • The “Right Athlete” in the “Right Way”

“The world is full of willing people, some willing to work, the others willing to let them.”—Robert Frost

athletic performance 1 into 100
Athletic Performance $1 into $100
  • Genetics
  • Training
  • Coaching/Education

“Do not let what you cannot do

interfere with what you can do.”

—John Wooden

additional references
Additional References
  • Sports Nutrition: “A guide for the professional working with active people. 3rd Edition. ADA and Christine A. Rosenbloom PhD, Rd, Editor. 2000.
  • ACSM Health and Fitness Journals
  • Eat Smart, Play Hard. Liz Applegate, PhD. 2001.
  • The Health Professional’s Guide to Popular Dietary Supplements. Allison Sarubin, MS, RD. 2000.
  • Jacqueline R. Berning, PhD, RD. Assistant Professor, University of Colorado, Nutrition Consultant
  • Robert Murray, PhD, FACSM, Director, The Gatorade Sports Science Institute.
references for presentation
References for Presentation
  • Fueling the Athlete: “Current and Emerging Issues in Sports Nutrition. Gatorade Sports Science Institute Seminar 10/19/2001.
  • “Top Ten Sports Nutrition Supplements.” Susan Bohanan R.D., L.D. www.nolimitsonlin.com/top_ten_sports_nutrition_supplem.htm
  • “Sports Supplement: A Win at Any Cost?” Melinda Hemmelgarn N.S., R.D. Associate State Nutrition Specialist U O/E.
  • Eat Smart, Play Hard. Liz Applegate, PhD. 2001.
  • The Health Professional’s Guide to Popular Dietary Supplements. Allison Sarubin, MS, RD. 2000.
references for presentation68
References for Presentation
  • Gatorade Sports Science Institute. www.gssiweb.com
  • SCAN. www.nutrifit.org
  • Sports Nutrition Information Resources. www.wellcentered.com/sntg/resources.html
  • Sports MedUpdate. www.esportmed.com/smu/
  • NCAA Sports Medicine Handbook. www.ncaa.org/
  • Journal of Performance Enhancement. www.members.tripod.com/JPE_Sportscience/
  • Food Nutrition Information Center. www.nal.usda.gov/fnic/etext/000054.html