Healing and Miracles.. Who is Jesus? Luke 7:1-9:50
Jesus’ Message-the parables and miracles -what was Jesus trying to say with all the parables he told and the miracles he performed? -(8:9-10) Here Jesus explained the reason for teaching in parables -the 12 apostles already had the secret to the kingdom. -In all three gospels, the words to “see” and still not perceive, and “hearing” to “not understand” (significance?) -Basically, the authors are giving us the hidden message of a way of living to get into the kingdom of God (Mark & Luke)/heaven (Matthew) through the parables.
Examples of parables/miracles -(Luke 8:16-18) This passage was when Jesus told the parable of the lamp covered by a “vessel”. -In the beginning, Mark and Luke had a lot of similarities: “...under a bed…”; “...be made manifest; nor anything secret that shall not be known and come to light.” (a reason?) -Both authors were trying to reach the same religious audience (Christians), though they were slightly different (Luke: wealthier, complacent Christians, Mark: new Christians being persecuted) -In the end of the passage (8:18), all three authors have the same wording, implying the importance of the message.
Examples of parables/miracles Luke 7:1-9:50 Parables /Miracles -the centurion’s slave (7:1-10)—healing -the widow’s son (7:11-17)—restoration -stilling the storm (8:22-25)—nature -the Gerasene Demoniac (8:26-39)—exorcism -healing the woman’s hemorrage (8:43-48)—healing *-raising the daughter from the dead (8:49-56)—restoration *-Feeding the 5000 (9:10b-17)—nature -healing boy with possessed spirit (9:37-43a)—exorcism -These miracles are the tools that show Jesus message and who he is…
John the Baptist’s Question (7:18-23) Who is Jesus? -Why is John asking if Jesus is the one to come? Who is Jesus compared to John the Baptist? And who are they compared to the prophets of the Old Testament? -In Malachi 3:1-24 the prophet speaks of sending a messenger for judgment, specifically the prophet Elijah, to prepare the world for the day of the Lord. -This parallels in Luke 7:25-27, when Jesus answers John the Baptist’s question and paraphrases the first verse of Malachi chapter 3 (3:1). -His answer basically was “look at all the cool stuff I can do, of course I’m the dude (Son of God).” (Luke 7:21-23) Malachi 3:1Luke 7:27 “See, I am sending my messenger to “…Behold, I send my prepare the way before me…” messenger before thy face, who shall prepare thy way before thee.”
Elijah vs. Elisha and Jesus vs. John the Baptist -Jesus said John the Baptist was to “prepare the way” for the Lord. He was comparing John to Elijah to prepare the way for the coming of the Lord, or the next prophet (Elisha). -(2 Kings 2-7) Here was where Elijah ascended into heaven and Elisha asked for double his spirit (2:9-12), and where Elisha performed many of his miracles (4:1-7, 4:38-41, 4:42-44, 5:1-14). (importance?) -After Elijah ascended, Elisha performed many more miracles than him, as well as inheriting double his spirit. -Jesus (compared to Elisha) eludes to this to emphasize that he was indeed more powerful/important than John the Baptist (compared to Elijah).
Elijah vs. Elisha and Jesus vs. John the Baptist continued -In both cases of Elijah before Elisha and John the Baptist before Jesus the latter of the prophets is the more important. -Usually, according to the Jewish faith, the first to come is more important. (this could be why John asks his question in the first place). -Both these examples (Jesus & John, Elijah & Elisha) are wrong; this message of “the last to come is more important” is prevalent to Christians, roughly the same audience of Luke and Matthew, the authors of the parallel passages from Luke 7:18-35.
Parables/miracles paralleled by Elisha -Two of the miracles in Luke are paralleled by similar miracles of Elisha in 2 Kings. -Raising the daughter from the dead (8:49-56) is paralleled by raising the Shunammite woman’s son from the dead (2 Kings 4:32-37). -The feeding of the 5000 (9:10b-17) is paralleled by feeding the 100 (2 Kings 4:42-44) -This enforces the fact that Jesus is compared to Elisha in Luke’s Gospel to show how he is greater than John the Baptist
Who is Jesus? -During the Transfiguration (Luke 9:28-36), Moses and Elijah came to Jesus, Peter, James, and John. How do these prophets explain who Jesus is? -(Deut. 34:10-12) this passage explains how Moses is the best prophet, and that no one has had a relationship to God like his. And Jesus talks to him about his fate in all three gospels during the Transfiguration.. (significance?) -Jesus and Moses must share something in common… -Malachi (3:22-24) explains how Elijah will come before the day of the Lord. This could be eluding to why Elijah is with Moses and Jesus. -After all, Elijah came first like John the Baptist to prepare the way for Jesus.
Conclusion -So, Jesus is more important than John the Baptist, like the Old Testament parallel of Elisha being more important than Elijah. -This question of “who Jesus is” is answered in these passages, especially for the audiences of the authors (Luke & Matthew) that have the most parallels throughout Luke 7:1-9:50. -Jesus and his message are also held in these passages in the words of the parables and miracles too.