Getting started with Sanskrit grammar. Inflectional form:. Root + Affix = Stem Stem + Inflectional ending = Word. Categories of verb inflection:. Voice: Active, Middle, Passive. Categories of verb inflection:. Person: 1 st , 2 nd , 3rd. Categories of verb inflection:.
Root + Affix = Stem
Stem + Inflectional ending = Word
Voice: Active, Middle, Passive
Person: 1st, 2nd, 3rd
Number: Singular, Dual, Plural
Mood: Indicative, Potential, Imperative, Injunctive
Present, Imperfect (Present system)
Future, Conditional (Future system)
Aorist (Aorist system)
Perfect (Perfect system)
Usually, males are denoted by masculine nouns (e.g. nara- `man', masc.) and females by feminine nouns (e.g. strã- `woman', fem.); the gender assigned to nouns denoting sexless things has no clear semantic basis.
There are, however, some fairly reliable correlations between a noun's gender and the form of its stem. e.g. stems in a are generally masculine and neuter, while stems in long vowels are mostly feminine.