genetic screening l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
GENETIC SCREENING PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
GENETIC SCREENING

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 8

GENETIC SCREENING - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 373 Views
  • Uploaded on

GENETIC SCREENING. What is genetic screening?. One of the fastest moving fields in medical science. A technique to determine the genotype or phenotype of an organism. It is often used to detect faulty or abnormal genes in an organism. Some examples of genetic tests. Prenatal screening

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'GENETIC SCREENING' - paul2


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
what is genetic screening
What is genetic screening?
  • One of the fastest moving fields in medical science.
  • A technique to determine the genotype or phenotype of an organism.
  • It is often used to detect faulty or abnormal genes in an organism.
some examples of genetic tests
Some examples of genetic tests
  • Prenatal screening
  • Newborn screening
  • Carrier screening
prenatal screening
Prenatal Screening
  • This can detect a disorder before a baby is born.
  • An ultrasound test is used to determine if the fetus is at a high or low risk from a genetic disorder.
  • Disorders are diagnosed by examining a small amount of fetal cells. This carries a small risk to the fetus.
  • If diagnosed early in the pregnancy, there is still the possibility of abortion.
  • Prenatal screening is sometimes seen as controversial.
newborn screening
Newborn Screening
  • Newborns are tested for diseases and early diagnoses allows for immediate treatment.
  • A blood sample is tested for genetic disorders.
  • In most of the USA, newborn screening is mandatory, unless parents have a religious objection to it.
  • Sometimes residual blood samples are used for genetic research, as long as the samples are kept anonymous.
carrier screening
Carrier Screening
  • This involves testing prospective parents for diseases that they show no symptoms of, but may carry a recessive gene for.
  • A blood sample or cheek cell sample is analysed to determine whether either parent carries a faulty gene.
  • If both parents carry a specific faulty gene, the chance of the fetus receiving the gene from both parents is 25%, and the chance of being a carrier is 50%.
  • If both parents carry a faulty gene, they may decide to have prenatal testing on the fetus.
other types of screening
Other types of screening
  • Preimplantation screening: Screening embryos fertilised by IVF before they are implanted into the uterus.
  • Presymptomatic screening: Screening to predict adult-onset diseases such as Huntington’s disease.
  • Presymptomatic screening: Screening to estimate the risk of developing cancer or Alzheimer’s disease as an adult.
  • Forensic/Identity testing: Screening to eg. determine the father of an individual (paternity test).
slide8

This powerpoint was kindly donated to www.worldofteaching.com

http://www.worldofteaching.com is home to over a thousand powerpoints submitted by teachers. This is a completely free site and requires no registration. Please visit and I hope it will help in your teaching.