english abstract sculptor henry moore l.
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English Abstract sculptor Henry Moore()

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Henry Moore was born in Castleford, Yorkshire, as the son of a coalmining engineer. He was the seventh of eight children in his family. he won a scholarship to Castleford Secondary School, where his art teacher influenced him strongly. During these years Moore began carving in wood and modeling clay, and he consciously decided to become a sculptor after hearing of Michelangelo's achievements at the age of eleven. 

He then studied at Leeds School of Art and the Royal College of Art, London. Throughout his long career he experimented with many styles including abstract and biomorphic art and in 1936 he took part in the International Surrealist exhibition. His primary concern, however has been with the human figure. http://www.boltonmuseums.org.uk/HTML/art_sculpture_moore.asp

1898 Born July 30 in Castleford, Yorkshire.
  • 1919-21 Studies at the Leeds School of Art.
  • 1921-25 Studies at the Royal College of Art, London.
  • 1925-32 Teaches at the Royal College of Art, London.
  • 1928 First solo exhibition at the Warren Gallery, London.
  • 1932-39 Teaches at the Chelsea School of Art.
  • 1943 First solo exhibition in New York at the Buchholz Gallery.
  • 1946 Retrospective exhibition presented by The Museum of Modern Art, New York.
  • 1948 Awarded the International Prize for Sculpture at the Venice Biennale.
  • 1951 Retrospective exhibition presented by the Tate Gallery, London.
  • 1961 Elected member of the American Academy and Institute of Arts and Letters, New York.
  • 1968 Exhibition in honor of the artist's 70th birthday at the Tate Gallery, London.
  • 1972 Retrospective exhibition at Forte di Belvedere, Florence.
  • 1977 Establishes The Henry Moore Foundation in Much Hadam, Hertfordshire.
  • 1978 Exhibitions in honor of the artist's 80th birthday at the Serpentine Gallery, London and City Art Gallery, Bradford.
  • 1983 Exhibition at The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York.
  • 1986 Dies August 31 in Hertfordshire
During the Blitzkrieg of London in the early 1940s, Moore executed numerous drawings of people waiting out the bombings in the London Underground that reflected his deep-seated concern for the human situation. These drawings are now known as Moore’s shelter drawings. After this his success exploded in 1941, when he was appointed member of the board of " The Tate Gallery ". http://www.rollins.edu/cfam/pages/collection/moore.html
Henry Moore's sculpture is among the most recognized and influential of the twentieth century. His sculpture and drawings have been exhibited worldwide, and his monumental public works can be seen throughout the United States and Europe. Some of the artist's sculptures appear more abstract than others, but all exhibit a love of natural forms and materials, and a great simplicity. A profound reverence for the dignity of the human (usually female) form led Moore to execute a series of variations on the reclining figure throughout his life.http://www.rollins.edu/cfam/pages/collection/moore.html

Reclining Woman   1930 green Hornton stone59.7 x 92.7 x 41.3 cmPurchased 1956National Gallery of Canada (no. 6499)


Four-Piece Composition: Reclining Figure1934Cumberland alabaster6 7/8 x 18 x 8 in. (17.5 x 45.7 x 20.3 cm)Tate Gallery, London

When Henry Moore's mother developed a painful case of sciatica, her dutiful son took to rubbing her hip to ease the discomfort. Years later, Moore remarked that nearly all of his sculpture was fundamentally about his mother's hip.

Reclining Figure1935-36Elmwoodh. 19; l. 35; d. 15 in. (48.3; 89; 38 cm)Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo


Henry Moore (England, 1898-1986)Reclining Figures, 1940Pencil, pen and ink, colored crayon, and gouache,with areas scratched away, on white wove paper1979.151Given in memory of Pamela Djerassi, Class of 1971,by her parents


Six Reclining Figures 1963lithograph on paper41.9 x 50.8 cmGift of Mira Godard, 197575/1 © 2000 The Henry Moore Foundation

In its abstraction of the human figure and exaggeration of isolated anatomical features, this work is related to African sculpture and to the Surrealist sculpture of Pablo Picasso and Alberto Giacometti. Within Henry Moore’s own body of work, Three Standing Figures can be seen in connection with the “shelter” drawings of the early 1940s, in which the artist explored the psychological interaction of groups, and with the monumental Three Standing Figures of 1947–49 erected at Battersea Park in London. Classicizing elements of the latter, however remote, endure in the Peggy Guggenheim work. The grouping of three figures, their contrapposto stances, the variety of rhetorical gestures, and the echoes of drapery creases and swags provide visual analogies with ancient sources. Typically, Moore conflates the human figure with the forms of inanimate natural materials such as bone and rock. The perforations through the mass of the sculptured bodies suggest a slow process of erosion by water or wind.

Large Standing Figure: Knife Edge, 1961 (cast 1976)Bronze, H. 137 1/2 in. (349.3 cm.)Bequest of Gordon Hanes, 97.1


Large Spindle Piece, modeled 1968-69, cast 1974Bronze, H. 128 x W. 127 x Diam. 77 1/4 in. (325.1 x 322.6 x 196.2 cm.)Gift of Mr. and Mrs. Gordon Hanes, 80.6.3


Reclining Figure: Idea for Sculpture, 1982Watercolor, gouache, black wax crayon, and white poster paint (impasted) on photocopier paper, 8.25 x 11.6 inches (21.0 x 29.5 cm)

Purchased with funds from the Wally Findlay Acquisition Fund,        acc. no. 91-19-P

the henry moore foundation
The Henry Moore Foundation
  • The Henry Moore Foundation is a registered charity, set-up and generously endowed by Mr. Moore in 1977 'to advance the education of the public by the promotion of their appreciation of the fine arts and in particular the works of Henry Moore'. It operates from Perry Green, and at the Henry Moore Institute in Leeds. The Foundation also supports a wide range of projects and activities in the visual arts through its donations programme. Among areas covered are student bursaries, fellowships for artists and grants to art institutions, galleries and museums.The Foundation's three main programme areas are:
  • http://www.henry-moore-fdm.co.uk/hmf/
henry moore collections and exhibitions
Henry Moore Collections and exhibitions
  • Based in Perry Green, Henry Moore Collections and Exhibitions maintains the Foundation's very important collection of Moore's work, consisting of sculpture, drawings and graphics, many given by Moore in 1977. Henry Moore Collections and Exhibitions is actively involved in curating, mounting and supporting exhibitions of Moore's work around the world, as well as at the studios and grounds at Perry Green, which can be seen by appointment during the Summer months. http://www.henry-moore-fdm.co.uk/hmf/
the henry moore institute
The Henry Moore Institute
  • The Henry Moore Institute is located in Leeds, the city where Moore began his training as an artist. It is a centre dedicated to the study of sculpture with a programme comprising three integrated elements; Collections, Exhibitions and Research. The programme draws on artists, writers, curators and different kinds of historians, in discussions, in writing, in research projects and in exhibitions.http://www.henry-moore-fdm.co.uk/hmf/
contemporary projects
Contemporary Projects
  • Contemporary Projects was set up at the beginning of 2001.  Operating from Perry Green its aim is to create exceptional opportunities for artists to research and make new work; and to link The Henry Moore Foundation with other organizations that commission and exhibit contemporary art.  Contemporary Projects works in a variety of ways ranging from small scale collaborations with artists to high profile international events. http://www.henry-moore-fdm.co.uk/hmf/

" The purpose of my sculpture is not beauty such as it is understood by the artists of classic Greece and the Renaissance. there is an enormous difference between the beauty of the expression and the power of the expression. The former tends to satisfy senses. The later possesses a vitality of the spirit which, in my opinion, is deeper and more suggestive... "