M.L.A.HIGH SCHOOL. THE HOYSALAS. CONTENTS. Introduction Origin of the word “HOYSALAS” Notable rulers of HOYSALAS empire Administration Education Literature Art and Architecture Decline of the HOYSALAS empire. INTRODUCTION.
In the 12th and 13th centuries A.D. evolved a new style of architecture. They perhaps inherited the art-tradition of their predecessors-THE GANGAS and THE CHALUKYAS OF KALYANA style. The temples built by them are not square but polygonal or star shaped. The SIKARA is pyramidal but low, and may be regarded as a modified type of the DRAVIDIAN.
HOYSALESHWARA temple:- The best know example of the HOYSALA style is the HOYSALESHWARA temple at HALEBID.
The SOMANATHAPUR temple is a triple shrine (TRIKUTA), raised by SOMADANDANAYAKA in 1258 with three beautiful SHIKARAS.
After the death of BALLALA III, there was no other powerful ruler like him. The last ruler, VIRUPAKSHA BALLALA (1343-1346) could not live long. By then the VIJAYANAGARA kingdom had already appeared.
Hence, in this way the HOYSALA EMPIRE declined.